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Women of WWII
Transcript of Women of WWII
In July 1942 the first group of 440 women officer candidates (40 of whom were African American) and 330 enlisted women began training at Fort Des Moines, Iowa.
The forty black women who entered the first WAAC were placed in a separate platoon and post facilities such as service clubs, theaters, and beauty shops were segregated
Women's Vital Roles During WWII
Women and Military Training
From Basic Training To Nursing
September 1, 1939
Vol XCIII, No. 311
An Era Of Change For Women
Women are Recruited for the Armed Forces
Women of WWII
The demands of a war front between Japan and Germany lead to a shortage of man power which meant that Women would now engage in the War
May 1942, A bill was approved by the House and Senate therefore creating The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps(WAAC)
Women not only joined WAAC but many also joined Women's Air force Service Pilots(WASP)
Other WWII women served in the; Women Accepted for Volunteer Military Services (WAVES), the Marines or on a branch of the Coast Guard(SPARS).
Throughout training the women learned basic military marching and lifestyle
They learned how to go to position of attention, stand at ease, dress right dress, how to do facing movements such as left and right face, quick march, how to Holt,salute, about face and mark time march
They learned how to sing cadences
The underwent selection tests to see who was fit for what job, these included eyesight tests, hearing tests, stability tests, memory tests, and mental tests
The women were then selected and placed in different job occupations based on their selection test results
WAC TRAINING CLASS AT T. DES MOINES, IOWA
The Army Nurse Corps, established in 1901 and the Navy Nurse Corps, established in 1908
Army nurses served under enemy fire in field and evacuation hospitals, on hospital trains, hospital ships and in general hospitals overseas as well as in the United States.
Frequently serving near the front lines, they suffered casualties. The first Army nurse to die while on duty was killed in a plane crash in 1943.
Two hundred and one Army nurses died during the war, sixteen as a result of enemy action.
Nurse anesthetists were in short supply in every theater of operations -----> Army developed a special training program for nurses interested in that specialty
More than 2,000 nurses trained in a six-month course that taught them how to administer inhalation anesthesia, blood and blood derivatives, oxygen therapy, how to recognize, prevent, and treat shock.
Nurses specializing in the care of psychiatric patients were also in great demand.
The Surgeon General developed a twelve-week program to train nurses in the care and medication of these patients.
The Army Nurse Corps accepted only a small number of black nurses during World War II.
When the war ended in September 1945 just 479 black nurses were serving in a corps of 50,000 because a quota system imposed by the segregated Army during the fast two years of the war held down the number of black enrollments.
Women's Job Occupations During WWII
Operating teletype machinery
At the U.S Army base post office, sorting mail
Drivers which delivered war equipment to different army bases and military units including warfare zones
Air force Pilots
Officers stationed at WAC training Centers to teach incoming military women
Cultural And Social Occupations
Wartime singers, like The Andrew Sisters
Physical And Mental Occupations
WOMEN OF WWII HISTORICAL VIDEO.
"You and more than 900 of your sisters have shown that you can fly wingtip to wingtip with your bothers. If ever there was any doubt in anyone's mind that women can become skillful pilots, the WASP have dispelled that doubt. I want to stress how valuable I believe the whole WASP program has been for the country. . .We . . .know that you can handle our latest fighters, our heaviest bombers; we. . . know that you are capable of ferrying, target towing, flying training, test flying, and the countless other activities which you have proved you can do. So, on this last graduation day, I salute you and all WASP. We of the Army Air Force are proud of you, we will never forget our debt to you."
-Hap Arnold, Commanding General,USAF Last Graduation of WASP 1994