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Transcript of Poetry Terms
Types of Poetry
Narrative poetry: tells a story and has a plot, characters, and a setting.
Epic: A long narrative poem about the feats of gods or heroes.
Ballad: A songlike narrative that has short stanzas and a refrain.
Dramatic poetry: tells a story using a character's own thoughts or spoken statements.
Lyric poetry: expresses the feelings of a single speaker; most common type of poetry in modern literature.
Poetic forms can be categorized by form. Poetic forms are defined by specific organizations of line and stanza length, rhythm, and rhyme.
Haiku--a verse form with three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables.
Tanka--a verse form with five unrhymed lines of five, seven, five, seven and seven syllables.
Free verse: does not have a set pattern of rhythm or rhyme.
Sonnet: fourteen-line lyric poem with formal patterns of rhyme, rhythm, and line structure.
Stanza: a grouped set of lines within a poem, usually set off from other stanzas by a blank line.
Sound devices: used to achieve musical quality
Rhythm: the pattern created by stressed and unstressed syllables of words in sequence.
Meter: a pattern of rhythm.
Couplet: a pair of lines of meter; usually consists of two lines that rhyme and have the same meter.
Rhyme: the repetition of identical sounds in the last syllables of words.
Rhyme scheme: a pattern of rhyme at the ends of lines.
Alliteration: initial rhyme; the repetition of the initial consonant sounds of words. Ex: Lights, lemon
Assonance: vowel rhyme; the repetition of vowel sounds in nearby words. Ex: date, fade
Consonance: the repetition of consonants within nearby words in which the preceding vowels differ. Ex: milk, walk
Characteristics of Poetry
Poetry is literature in verse form, a controlled arrangement of lines and stanzas. Poems use concise, musical, and emotionally charged language to express multiple layers of meaning.
Figurative language: language that is used imaginatively, rather than literally, to express ideas or feelings in new ways.
Figures of speech: make comparisons between dissimilar things.
Similes: use "like" or "as" to compare two essentially unlike things. Ex: She runs like the wind.
Metaphors: speak of one thing in terms of another. Ex: All the world's a stage.
Personification: gives human traits to nonhuman things. Ex: The ocean snarled and pounded against the shore.
Imagery: descriptive language that creates vivid impressions.
Impressions are also referred to as "images."
Sensory language: provides details related to sight, sound, taste, touch, smell, and movement.