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Informative Writing

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Ludy Molina

on 25 January 2015

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Transcript of Informative Writing

Informative Writing
Informative or expository writing explains, defines, or otherwise provides an information to an audience
Essentials of informative writing
Focus on the subject under discussion.
The purpose of Informative Writing
Is to increase the understanding of the reader
Unlike argument writing,
Informative writing starts with:
Comparison OR
Contrast

Compare and contrast informative essays are the other big essay types in academic writing. There are several ways to write this essay.
What Informative/Expository Writing Looks Like
FIVE PARAGRAPHS!!!
Informative Writing
Informative writing begins with the assumption of truthfulness and answers questions why or how.
Writers draw information from what they already know and from primary and secondary sources.
First Paragraph: INTRODUCTION
States the character and the main things that you'll talk about in the body
Second, Third, and Fourth Paragraph: BODY
HUGE amounts of detail, facts, and examples
Fifth Paragraph: CONCLUSION
Nicely summarizes everything.
Overview on the Writing Process
1. Take a deep breath, yo.
2. Choose a character or topic you already know something about.
3. Start with what you know. Then do research to fill in the gaps
4. Brainstorm using a graphic organizer, write out ideas, maybe make an outline.
5. Write a draft
6. Revise with a friend. Revise with a parent/ guardian. Revise by yourself. Revise with your teacher.
7. Rewrite.
8. Edit. Proof read, check spelling, grammar, etc.
9. Turn in, on time, your last draft. Consider yourself a writer.
RAGE + C
R
estate the QUESTION or Prompt
A
nswer the QUESTION or Prompt
G
ive evidence
E
xplain evidence
c
onclude.
Tips on Informative Writing
It should be
fact based
.
Facts can be quotes, statistics, definitions, names, dates, and events.
It should be
formal
.
Remember
who your reader is.
Use examples
.
Explain
what you mean.
Don't be overwhelmed.
You have a lot of valuable things to say, and your readers want to read it.
Must have an audience and purpose.
Provides information to the reader and with no persuasion.
Offers complete and exact information
Information must be presented logically and clearly.
Essentials of Informative Writing
Hailstones vary greatly in size and shape. They can be as small as a pea or as large as a grapefruit. They can be conical, round, or oblate; dimpled, or knobbed with protrusions. The largest stones weigh one to two pounds and fall at a speed of some 100 miles per hour. People have been reported killed hailstones in India and a 1977 plane crash in Georgia was attributed to hail. But the greatest damage from hail is to high value crops such as fruit and vegetables and is accused to small stones that can blanket the ground and occasionally accumulate to a depth of several inches. - John Hallet
EXAMPLE
Informative writing might focus on any of the following:
Enumeration and clarifying different types.
Defining.
Detailing components.
Explaining behavior or function.
Providing explanations.
Providing new knowledge.
Explaining a process.
To help the reader understand better a procedure or process.
To increase the reader's
comprehension of a concept,
explore a concept in
depth.
The assumption of truthfulness
Focusing on telling how or why.
GOAL:
To examine or clarify a subject by teaching about or informing the reader of the parts, processes, or steps of a subject.
Effects Of Informative Writing
Readers are educated about a topic
Authors take advantage of the expertise they have to address a question about an issue
STRATEGY 1
After the introduction, the author writes one large paragraph in which he alternates facts about each topic, "ping-pong" style.
The weakness is that the body of the piece is disorganized -- details come in random fashion and the reader may find it difficult to go back easily to compare details.
STRATEGY 2
After the introduction, the author writes one large paragraph that's all about one topic, and the next large paragraph about another, then conclude.
The problem with this strategy is that the reader must move back and forth from paragraph to paragraph to compare particular details. It also makes the paragraphs in the body of the piece quite lengthy.
STRATEGY 3
After the introduction, the author writes one paragraph about how the topics are similar, and another paragraph about how they are different, then a conclusion.
The difficulty with this strategy is that it jumps from detail to detail and, in order to stick to the similarities or differences, the author avoids logical places to make a point.
STRATEGY 4
The most successful strategy -- here, the author looks at traits, characteristics, or other points of comparison as main ideas within the piece and, with those categories, compares the two topics.
Strategies
Identify the strategy used.
First, let's consider a dog. There are numerous breeds to choose from, in all sizes and colors. Some breeds, such as the Great Dane or Bull Mastiff, are huge and require a lot of open space for exercise. Other breeds are tiny -- Chihuahuas, Yorkshire Terriers, and Maltese are just some of the toy breeds suitable for smaller spaces.
Many people adore cats. Cats also come in a variety of breeds, but they tend to be somewhat consistent in size, generally smaller than dogs. Some prefer a fluffy raccoon-colored Maine Coon Cat; others love the sleek mystique of a buff-colored Siamese with blue eyes.
Identify the strategy used.
Dogs and cats are alike in many ways. Both are domesticated animals. They are furry mammals with four legs and tails, available in a variety of breeds. They need to be housebroken. Both these common house pets need daily care such as feeding and assistance with going to the bathroom.
There are some definite differences between cats and dogs. Dogs come a greater variety of sizes than cats -- most cats are pretty much the same size. While both animals are furry, some dogs have hair, which often requires professional grooming. Cats usually groom themselves. Dogs are usually more social than cats and require more attention.
Identify the strategy used.
Both cats and dogs come in a variety of breeds. Dogs can be big or small, but mostly cats are the same size as a smallish dog. Both dogs and cats can have either long or short fur. Some dogs have hair. Hair doesn't shed, but dogs and cats with fur always shed. Dogs are great at learning tricks. Cats are less likely to learn any tricks because of their independent nature.
Identify the strategy used.
Most people select a pet because the animal's appearance appeals to them. Cats and dogs come in a variety of breeds. With dogs, however, there is a greater range of sizes for every taste and living situation. Cats are more consistent in size.
Whether you select a dog or a cat, you'll need to train it. First, your pet needs to be housebroken. This is much more difficult to accomplish with dogs. The dog needs to be taught how to go to the bathroom outside and this requires frequent walking. Cats can be briefly introduced to a litter box and that's about it.
Classification
In a classification informative essay, a writer organizes or sorts things into categories.
Three Steps to Effective Classification
1. Sort things into useful categories.
2. Make sure all the categories follow a single organizing principle.
3. Give examples that fit into each category.
How to write an effective essay:
1.
Determine the categories.
Be thorough, don't leave out a critical category.
2.
Classify by a single principle.
Once you have categories, make sure they fit into the same organizing principle.
3.
Support equally each category with examples.
Common Classification Transitions
"The first kind, the second kind, the third kind"
"The first type, the second type, the third type."
"The first group, the second group, the third group"
Thank you!
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