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UNIT II: Law Enforcement
Transcript of UNIT II: Law Enforcement
Women & Minorities in Policing
-->where does it come from?
Becoming a Cop
changed only in past 20 years with recruitment
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Responsibilities of the Police
Four Different Kinds
Difference Law Enforcement Agencies
-Misperception from the public for amount of time spent doing this
-Public demands police to "do something" about crime
-Can they actually prevent crime?
-"War on Crime"
PRESERVE THE PEACE
-lessen the chances of future crime from happening by using their power to arrest
-use force where major crimes have not yet occurred
UNIT II: Law Enforcement
1. Basic Requirements
Not convicted of a felony
Driver's license in state
At least 21 years old
Weight/eye sight requirement
2. Background Check
Educational record, driving record, credit check, interviews with family and friends
Physical fitness exam
Review social media activity
82% departments require H.S. diploma; 9% require two year degree; 5% require a four year degree
3. Hired? What is next?
Probationary Period (6-18 months): can be fired without cause
Police Academy Training: search and seizure laws, arrest, interrogation, weapon use, self defense, etc.
Field Training: paired with experienced officer and apply what they learned in the classroom
>> Why so underrepresented?
Other reasons too!
Benefits of a diverse
1 Local/State officer for every 400 residents
>>Broadest authority in arresting, maintaining order, and providing community services
Sheriffs & County Law Enforcement
every county has one (total?)
Duties: investigate drug crimes, maintain county jail, criminal and civil processes, order in courthouse, collecting taxes
Difference between this and the police department?
Coroner = elected medical examiner
State Police & Highway Patrol
1. Assist local police agencies
2. Investigate crime that crossed jurisdictional boundaries
3. Provide enforcement in areas with no local or county police
Patrol the state and federal highways!
Federal Law Enforcement
Authorized to enforce specific laws to protect from international and domestic terrorism...oversee three agencies:
1. Department of Homeland Security
2. Department of Justice
3. Department of Treasury