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soda and water
Transcript of soda and water
. It is simply water with carbonation added Soda Water is a bitter-tasting soda water that dates back to 1858 and is flavored with quinine.
Gin and Tonic Tonic water another lightly flavored soda water, except in this case is contains ginger, sugar, and each brand's "secret" ingredients.
Two type: golden and dry. Ginger ale It is less carbonated than most sodas, and is typically made with a combination of ginger, lemon, and sugar, with a decidedly spicier ginger taste. Ginger beer Non-alcoholic soft drinks that have a citrus flavor. Citrus soda is a carbonated beverage that was originally flavored and caffeinated by the kola nut, as well as by vanilla and other ingredients. Cola often contains additives such as table salt, and occasionally light flavorings.
Club soda Famous Brands USES OF SODA By: Jane Rose
Danting USES OF SODA TYPES AND FAMOUS BRAND
by: Vergil Tolentino HEALTH EFFECTS
by:Charisse Claudine Sunga HISTORY OF SODA
by: Dominique Goyenechea Uses in Beverage Often consumed plain or mixed with fruit juice.
Used to dilute drinks based on cordials.
A necessary ingredient in many cocktails, where it is used to top-off the drink and provide a degree of 'fizz'.
Adding soda water to 'short' drinks such as spirits dilutes them and makes them 'long'.
The presence of carbon dioxide in a cocktail may accelerate the uptake of alcohol in the blood, making both the inebriation and recovery phases more rapid.
Often consumed as an alternative to soft drinks. It's been said that boiling soda water instead of regular water when preparing pasta or rice will ensure a lighter texture.
Soda water can also be added to food recipes, in concert with other ingredients, as a substitute for the flavor of alcohol. You can also add it to tea for another alternative to wine. Uses in Cooking Uses in Health Cholesterol
Instead of drinking tap water, consuming soda water reduced the LDL cholesterol in the body.
Cure to Dyspepsia
Cure to Heart Disease
There are researches concluded that carbonated mineral water may help prevent heart disease and also improve metabolic syndrome, the name for a group of risk factors that increase the risk for coronary artery disease, stroke, and diabetes
Cure to Osteoporosis Used in Growing plants
Used as Stain remover
Used in Cleaning
Used in Removing rusts Other Uses of Soda WATER HISTORY OF WATER
by: Abeth Claire Bartolome HEALTH EFFECTS
by: Moises Ian Santillan USES OF WATER
by: Aldous Baldonado TYPES AND FAMOUS BRANDS OF WATER
by: Jeremi Guillermo Commercial water use includes fresh water for motels, hotels, restaurants, office buildings, other commercial facilities, and civilian and military institutions. Domestic water use is probably the most important daily use of water for most people.
Domestic use includes water that is used in the home every day, including water for normal household purposes, such as drinking, food preparation, bathing, washing clothes and dishes, flushing toilets, and watering lawns and gardens.
Industrial water use is a valuable resource to the nation's industries for such purposes as processing, cleaning, transportation, dilution, and cooling in manufacturing facilities. Major water-using industries include steel, chemical, paper, and petroleum refining. Industries often reuse the same water over and over for more than one purpose.
Irrigation water use is water artificially applied to farm, orchard, pasture, and horticultural crops, as well as water used to irrigate pastures, for frost and freeze protection, chemical application, crop cooling, harvesting, and for the leaching of salts from the crop root zone. Nonagricultural activities include self-supplied water to irrigate public and private golf courses, parks, nurseries, turf farms, cemeteries, and other landscape irrigation uses. The importance of irrigation to the United States is illustrated by the large amount of fresh water that is used to cultivate crops, which are consumed domestically and throughout the world. In fact, irrigation is the largest category of water use in the United States, as it is worldwide. Categories of Water use Livestock water use includes water for stock animals, feed lots, dairies, fish farms, and other nonfarm needs. Water is needed for the production of red meat, poultry, eggs, milk, and wool, and for horses, rabbits, and pets. Livestock water use only includes fresh water.
Mining water use includes water for the extraction of naturally occurring minerals; solids, such as coal and ores; liquids, such as crude petroleum; and gases, such as natural gas. The category includes quarrying, milling (such as crushing, screening, washing, and flotation), and other operations as part of mining activity. A significant portion of the water used for mining, about 32 percent, is saline.
Public Supply water use refers to water withdrawn by public and private water suppliers, such as county and municipal water works, and delivered to users for domestic, commercial, and industrial purposes. In 1995, the majority of the nation's population, about 225 million, or 84 percent, used water delivered from public water suppliers. About 42 million people supplied their own water, with about 99 percent of that water being groundwater, usually from a local well.
Thermoelectric Power water use is the amount of water used in the production of electric power generated with heat. The source of the heat may be from fossil fuels, nuclear fission, or geothermal. Fossil fuel power plants typically reuse water. They generate electricity by turning a turbine using steam power. After the steam is used to turn the turbines, it is condensed back to water by cooling it. The condensed water is then routed back to the boiler, where the cycle begins again. Water is one of the most vital natural resources for all life on Earth. The availability and quality of water always have played an important part in determining not only where people can live, but also their quality of life. Even though there always has been plenty of fresh water on Earth, water has not always been available when and where it is needed, nor is it always of suitable quality for all uses. Water must be considered as a finite resource that has limits and boundaries to its availability and suitability for use. Traditionally, water management in the United States focused on expanding or manipulating the country's supplies of fresh water to meet the needs of users. A number of large dams were built during the early twentieth century to increase the supply of fresh water for any given time and place. This era of building large dams has passed. In the twenty-first century, the finite water supply and established infrastructure require that demand be managed more effectively within the available sustainable supply. Water-use information can be used to evaluate the impacts of population growth and the effectiveness of alternative water management policies, regulations, and conservation activities. The balance between supply and demand for water is a delicate one. The availability of usable water has and will continue to dictate where and to what extent development will occur. Water must be in sufficient supply for an area to develop, and an area cannot continue to develop if water demand far outstrips available supply. Further, a water supply will be called upon to meet an array of offstream uses (in which the water is withdrawn from the source) in addition to instream uses (in which the water remains in place). Figure 1 represents the demands on water as a tug-of-war among the various offstream and instream uses. The Water-Use Cycle
Water is constantly in motion by way of the hydrologic cycle. Water evaporates as vapor from oceans, lakes, and rivers; is transpired from plants; condenses in the air and falls as precipitation; and then moves over and through the ground into waterbodies, where the cycle begins again. *
The water-use cycle is composed of the water cycle with the added influence of human activity. Dams, reservoirs, canals, aqueducts , withdrawal pipes in rivers, and groundwater wells all reveal that humans have a major impact on the water cycle. In the water-use cycle, water moves from a source to a point of use, and then to a point of disposition. The sources of water are either surface water or groundwater. Water is withdrawn and moved from a source to a point of use, such as an industry, restaurant, home, or farm. After water is used, it must be disposed of (or sometimes, reused). Used water is either directly returned to the environment or passes through a treatment processing plant before being returned. The following properties of water make it a universal solvent:
Water is a polar molecule
Water can form hydrogen bonds with other polar compounds.
Water dissolves many substances by reacting with them chemically.
Water is cheap and easily available everywhere. What makes water a universal solvent? What is Soda? -any fizzy non-alcoholic sweet drink. Definition: HISTORY Soda comes from medieval Latin soda, which may have been derived from Latin sodānum ‘samphire, glasswort’ (the plant samphire was burned to obtain soda for making glass). Another of the uses of samphire was as a headache cure, and it has been speculated that sodānum may have come ultimately from Arabic sudā ‘headache’, a derivative of sada’a ‘split’. Sodium was coined from soda in 1807 by the English chemist Humphry Davy. Health Effects CAFFEINE BENEFITS
Caffeine stimulates your central nervous system, helps breakdown fatty acids in your liver, boost your mood and alleviate headaches Positive Effects of Soda CARBONATED WATER
Have been proven to have many benefits for the gastrointestinal tract.
It eases stomach aches, quells nausea and has been verified to alleviate constipation.
Carbonated water, especially carbonated mineral water, helps to build bones because of its alkaline, bicarbonate-rich composition SODIUM BENEFITS
Sodium helps your body retain water, helps avoid and treat muscle cramps, keeps electrolyte balance, prevents the effects of aging of your skin and prevents your the drop of your blood pressure. "Soft drinks" are called that because they lack the alcohol present in "hard drinks," which include cocktails and other alcoholic beverages. So, a positive effect of soft drinks is that they offer an alternative to alcohol, which can cause problems for your health. Some soft drinks, including diet sodas, have the positive benefit of being fortified with vitamins and minerals The bad effects of having soda is not only due to its high sugar content and high calories.
Soda contains some ingredients that have different known and unknown effects
non-diet soda builds up fat around the liver and skeletal muscles, which eventually leads to insulin resistance and diabetes.
one soda a day for six month, causes 30 percent increase in blood triglyceride and 11 percent increase in blood cholesterol NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF SODA CAFFEINE
can increase blood pressure, pulse rate and stomach acid production
Since caffeine is a mild diuretic, consuming caffeine in soft drinks could also cause dehydration. CARBONATED WATER
The phosphoric acid in cola drinks makes it harder for your body to absorb calcium.
It also creates highly acidic levels in your blood that prompt the body to retrieve calcium deposits from your bones to counteract negative effects, further depleting calcium levels. OBESITY
One 12 oz. can of soda has approximately 9 tsp. of sugar and 140 calories
Children and adults who drink sugary soft drinks on a regular basis take in more calories overall and weigh more than those who don't. Metabolic Syndrome and Diabetes
Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions--high blood pressure, high triglycerides or low HDL cholesterol, a large waistline and a high fasting blood sugar level--that, when present together, indicate you are at increased risk for diabetes, as well as heart disease and stroke. Osteoporosis
Both regular and diet soda contain the flavoring agent phosphoric acid, which may be responsible for the link between soda drinking and osteoporosis, or brittle bones.
it is suspected that the body attempts to neutralize the acid by using calcium drawn from the bones
An alternate theory suggests regular soda drinkers don't drink enough milk and are deprived of calcium and vitamin D, nutrients needed for strong bones. Cardiovascular Disease
High levels of added sugar in soft drinks are detrimental to your heart and blood vessels
Health effects include the buildup of fatty substances in the arteries and an early onset of cardiovascular disease your heart and blood vessels Health Effects Lose weight: Drinking water helps you lose weight because it flushes down the by-products of fat breakdown. Drinking water reduces hunger; it’s an effective appetite suppressant so you’ll eat less. Plus, water has zero calories.
Natural Remedy for Headache: Helps to relieve headache and back pains due to dehydration. Although many reasons contribute to headache, dehydration is the common one.
Look Younger with Healthier Skin: You’ll look younger when your skin is properly hydrated. Water helps to replenish skin tissues, moisturizes skin and increases skin elasticity. 4. Better Productivity at Work: Your brain is mostly made up of water, thus drinking water helps you think better, be more alert and more concentrated.
5. Better Exercise: Drinking water regulates your body temperature. That means you’ll feel more energetic when doing exercises. Water also helps to fuel your muscle.
6. Helps in Digestion and Constipation: Drinking water raises your metabolism because it helps in digestion. Fiber and water goes hand in hand so that you can have your daily bowel movement. 7. Less Cramps and Sprains: Proper hydration helps keep your joints and muscles lubricated, so you’ll less likely get cramps and sprains.
8. Less Likely to Get Sick and Feel Healthy: Drinking plenty of water helps fight against flu and other ailments like kidney stones and heart attack. Water adds with lemon is used for ailments like respiratory disease, intestinal problems, rheumatism and arthritis etc. In another words one of the benefits of drinking water is that it can improve your immune system. 9. Relieves Fatigue: Water is used by the body to help flush out toxins and waste products from the body. If your body lacks water, your heart, for instance, needs to work harder to pump out the oxygenated blood to all cells, so are the rest of the vital organs, your organs will be exhausted and so will you.
10. Good Mood: Your body feels very good and that’s why you feel happy. 11. Reduce the Risk of Cancer: Related to the digestive system, some studies show that drinking a healthy amount of water may reduce the risks of bladder cancer and colon cancer. Water dilutes the concentration of cancer-causing agents in the urine and shortens the time in which they are in contact with bladder lining. History Water is as old as the Planet Earth itself and it plays one of the most vital part in our daily life. It is the most basic values in human existence. We use it every choirs we do in and out the house. And most importantly, we use it for food and all the beverage we consume. In most human cultures water has been variously used as a simile for the passage of time and change, or as a metaphor of higher realities such as the favor of the gods or the nurturing power of the sky. In western religion, water is used as a symbol and as a ritual object.
While in Chinese, they assign to water in their cosmology, for religious purposes, and in geography. Water through time:
'Water - the Book' by H. Barty-King. 1325 - Franciscan Friars lay a pipeline into Cambridge from a spring 1km outside the town. Religious communities acquired a good reputation for water supply management in the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries.
1439 - The mayor of London asked the Abbot of Westminster to help provide fresh water for the 55,000 people of the city.
1460 - A system of lead pipes was laid under the streets of Hull. Householders paid for pumps to extract the water.
1574-82 - Peter Morris (a Dutchman) installed an ingenious pump below London Bridge. It was driven by a waterwheel and forced water up a tower over 100 feet high into a big tank, or cistern. The water was then strained through a mesh and fed through large wooden pipes and small lead pipes to houses in London. Five wheels had been built by 1582. 1584 - Sir Francis Drake helped Plymouth Corporation persuade Parliament to build a water system to bring water 25km across the moors to the town. Water was stored in cisterns to be used without charge. The supply served for 300 years.
1596 - Britain's first flushing toilet called a water closet was designed by Queen Elizabeth's godson.
1605 - Oxford used covered gullies to collect spring water from Hinksey Hill. The gullies lead to a 20,000 gallon (90,000 litre) tank protected by a stone house.
1677 - In York, water from the River Ouse was pumped by wind power into a tank on the top of Lendal Tower. This provided water inside the walls of the city. 1775 - Alexander Cumming re-invented the Water Closet.
1777 - James Prosser improved it.
1778 - Joseph Bramah perfected the modern flushing toilet.
1808 - Richard Gillespie devised a filter system for Glasgow's Cranston Hill waterworks using a layer of sand and gravel.
1820s - Robert Thom in Scotland and James Simpson in England perfected mechanical and sand filtration at the same time.
1826 - Aberdeen collected water from near the Bridge of Dee by building a tunnel alongside the river which drained off filtered water from the river bed.
1840 - John Roe helped solve the problem of blocked drains by building an egg-shaped sewer. 1847 - Polluting drinking water was made a criminal offence.
1847 - An pipeline was built to bring water from sources 25km away.
1848 - Manchester built five reservoirs in the Langdendale Valley 15km from town.
1852 - The General Board of Health recommended building new sewers in every town.
1853 - Leicester was the first town to set up sewage works to treat waste water.
1859 - Glasgow's Loch Katrine works were opened providing the city with a supply of 230 million litres per day. At the time, the Corporation was warned about the dangers of lead pipe corrosion by soft acid waters. 1861 - Aberdeen extended its River Dee tunnel system to supply 28 million litres per day.
1865 - Joseph Balgazette designed the first interceptor sewers to carry London's sewage down the banks of the Thames to be dumped into the estuary.
1867-78 - New laws allowed town councils and local authorities to take water companies into public ownership.
1869 - The "Native Guano Co." at Hastings and Leamington dried and pressed sewage to sell as manure.
1880 - Liverpool built Britain's first all-stone dam on the River Vyrnwy in Powys. 1885 - Water was checked for bacteria for the first time.
1892 - Birmingham was given 18,000 hectares (45,000 acres) of Wales to build three reservoirs in the Elan Valley. These were opened in 1904.
1900 - Manchester enlarged the Lake Thirlmere reservoir in the Lake District.
1930s - Chlorinate it against bacterial infections
1945 - The Water Act reorganised the water industry and encouraged more efficiency.
1963 - The Water Resources Act created 29 River Authorities to look after the river systems and control the use of water. 1967 - The Central Scotland Water Development Board was set up to supply more water for sale to Local Authorities.
1973 - The Water Bill for England and Wales created 10 Regional Water Authorities.
1975 - The nine new Scottish Regional Councils and the Islands Councils were set up to control public water supply, sewerage and sewage disposal.
1982 - Kielder Reservoir was opened. It was one of the biggest lakes in Europe.
1961-84 - The water needs of England and Wales rose from 110,000 million litres per day to 164,000 million litres per day. 1989 - The Water Act of 1989 allowed Local Authorities in England and Wales to sell off the water companies.
1996 - Three new Scottish water authorities were created - East, West and North of Scotland Water. They took over water and waste water services from the former Scottish Regional Councils.
2002 -Scottish Water was formed to improve the water industry in Scotland for the benefit of its 5 million customers. It replaced the three former water authorities. For drinking purpose.
For washing, bathing and cooking etc.
For building construction
For the generation of steam for industrial use and electricity generation
For generating hydroelectricity
For the manufacture of hydrogen, oxygen and water gas.
As a solvent.
For irrigation purposes. Various uses of water Famous Brands Types of Water Artesian Water
From a well in a confined aquifer
water level in well must stand at some height above the top of the aquifer
also known as "artesian well water" Distilled Water
Water that has been turned into steam to leave impurities behind
Steam is condensed into pure water
used in the manufacturing of pharmaceutical and liquid dry prescriptions Fluoridated Water
Contains fluoride that is added within the limitations set by Federal Regulations
Some spring and artesian sources have naturally occurring fluoride in trace amounts Mineral Water
contain no less than 250 parts per million (ppm) total dissolved solids (TDS) with the solids being the minerals in the water
came from a geologically and physically protected underground water source
Is distinguished from other types of water by the regular mineral and trace elements present
No minerals may be added to this water Purified Water
Produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis or other suitable processes that meet the legal definition of "purified water“
Also known as "demineralized water" Sparkling Water
Contains, after treatment and possible replacement of carbon dioxide, the same amount of carbon dioxide that it had at emergence from the source
Soda water, seltzer water and tonic water are not considered bottled waters. They are regulated separately and considered softdrinks Spring Water
came from underground formation and flow naturally to the surface of the earth
Emanates from beneath the earth, from under strata that formed in prehistoric times
collected at the spring or through a bore hole tapping the underground formation finding the spring Sterile Water
Must meet the requirements under "Sterility Tests" in the United StatesPharMacPPCopoeia
also known as "sterilized water." Well Water
Comes from a hole that is bored, drilled or otherwise constructed in the ground, tapping the water of an aquifer Offstream uses (depicted on the left) are those in which water is removed from its source, either by pumping or diversion. Instream uses (depicted on the right) are those in which water remains in place, and typically refers to stream (rather than groundwater). Where water supply is limited, conflicts may result between and among the various uses. Brought to you
by Group 6 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!! USES OF WATER