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Persuasive Writing

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Derek Keith

on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of Persuasive Writing

A lesson in rhetoric Persuasive Writing According to Aristotle, rhetoric is "the ability, in each particular case, to see the available means of persuasion." He described three main forms of rhetoric: Ethos, Logos, and Pathos. Choose your subject! In order to persuade someone you must approach them one of three ways:
Ethos (Greek for "word")- the source's credibility or authority
Logos (Greek for "logic")- the logic used in an argument
Pathos (Greek for "suffering" or "experience")- the emotion used in an argument Anecdotes Anecdotes and Analogies Logical Fallacy Do Avoid Your opinion needs evidence for support. The more types of convincing evidence you offer, the stronger your argument will be. Support a short account of a particular incident or event of an interesting or amusing nature, often personal and biographical. (a personal testimony) Analogies can be used as support in persuasion. The writer explains or describes something unfamiliar by comparing it to something familiar OR supports or proves an unknown by comparing it to something known or already proven A logical fallacy strictly refers to a flaw in the structure of an argument that renders the argument invalid. The term is also used, however, to mean any argument that is faulty or problematic. Attack ad hominem To attack the man or woman, not the issue. Prediction More cars and more roads will mean more congestion. Statistics Our high school has room for 1,702 students, but last year 1,860 registered. Observation In Garfield Park, young men play soccer around the clock. Expert Testimony According to Emma Hernandez, the director of the Riverside Missions Shelter, most homeless people are unemployed males. Comparison In the past, fishing was a way of putting food on the table, almost a matter of survival. Today, for most individuals who fish, it is a sport, a hobby, or a form of relaxation. In a persuasive essay, it is important to choose a subject that you have strong feelings about.

Your subject should be specific, timely, and debatable. This brief chart shows the difference between subjects for an expository essay and those for a persuasive essay. See the difference? Expository Persuasive How automobiles pollute How year-round school works The automobile has become the American Nightmare. Year-round schooling offers the best opportunities for students.
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