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COMPONENTS OF FITNESS - AQA GCSE PE

GCSE PE Revision tool covering training; principles, methods and the components of fitness.
by

Mr Bennett

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of COMPONENTS OF FITNESS - AQA GCSE PE

COMPONENTS OF FITNESS
On your table there is a picture of a sporting athlete/performer.
TASK:
DESCRIBE
and
EXPLAIN
which components are the most important for them to
EXCEL
.
Components of
Physical
fitness

Define Cardiovascular Endurance?
Cardiovascular Endurance
Define Muscular Endurance.
Muscular Endurance:
There are 3 types of strength
Strength
The ability to hold or sustain your own body weight over time
Define Speed.
Give a sporting example of this component being used.
Speed:
The ability to move all body parts as quickly as possible.
The capacity of the heart and circulatory system to meet the demands of the body for a sustained period of activity.
TASK: Give a sporting example of it being used?
The capacity of the muscles to perform repeated contractions at, or near maximum level for an extended period of time without becoming fatigued.
TASK: Give a sporting example of this component being used:
Components of
Skill Related

Fitness
Flexibility:
Define Flexibility.
Flexibility is the range of movement around a joint.
Give a sporting example of this component in use.
Define Co-ordination.
Co-ordination:
The ability to link all body parts in one difficult movement
Define Agility.
Agility:
Agility is the ability of the performer to change the position of their body quickly, whilst keeping their entire body under control.
Can you think of two sports where agility is particularly important?
Define Balance.
THINK: what are the two types of Balance?
Balance
Balance is the ability of the performer to retain their center of mass over their base of support.
Balance can be:
Static –
for example, standing on one leg
Dynamic –
for example, keeping your balance on a bike as it goes round a corner.
What type of balance does a surfer need?
What is reaction time?
Reaction Time:
Reaction time is the amount of time it takes for a performer to initiate movement after the presentation of a stimulus.

Can you think of a sporting example?
Define Timing
Timing:
The ability to coincide movements in relation to external forces.

Can you think of a sporting example?
Power
What is power?
The ability to exert maximum muscular contraction instantly in an explosive burst of movements.

What are the two components of power?
How do athletes jump so far?
Examination questions:
1. A lack of strength can affect a rugby player’s performance?
2. Flexibility is essential in football?
3. Speed is one of David Beckham’s key attributes?
4. If you are flexible you are less likely to pick up an injury?
5. Agility measures how fast you are?
True or False -
Multiple Choice:
Short answer questions:
1.

What is meant by the term ‘agility’? Give one example from a physical activity.
(2)
Longer question:
Using an example from a named physical activity explain how increased flexibility can help improve performance.
(3)
Dynamic strength:
Explosive strength:
The ability to exert force as quickly as possible
Can you give an example?
Static Strength:
This is used when you try to move an immoveable object, or carry a heavy object
There is no movement of the object
The muscles do not change length.
Can you think of a sporting example?
Multiple Choice:
1.
The combination of speed and strength in one explosive movement is known as what? (1)

(a)
agility
(b)
power
(c)
balance
(d)
flexibility
2.
Flexibility is. (1)

(a)
The range of motion possible at a joint
(b)
The ability of a muscle to stretch beyond its normal position.
(c)
The percentage of body-weight that is fat, muscle and bone.
(d)
The extent to which the skeletal will allow movement to occur in a given direction.
3.
Which of the following would be most suitable for a shot putter trying to improve their Muscular strength? (1)

(a)
Throwing a tennis ball to correct technique
(b)
Weight training by lifting a heavy weight
(c)
Swimming long distances
(d)
Weight training by lifting light weights many times.
2.
What is meant by the term ‘co-ordination’?
Give one example from a physical activity
(2)
3.
Glenn is a good gymnast. He is looking to improve by following a flexibility and speed training program.

a)
Suggest another type of fitness he might need to develop.
b)
Explain how your answer to (a) is used in gymnastics.
(2)
HOMEWORK:
Your task is to design an exam question about one or more than one component you have covered today.
REMEMBER
your question must be targeted at the marks available.
The person with the star under their chair is now going to deliver the groups findings.
Listen carefully to their points and get ready to ask them questions.
Shirts and shorts plenary:
On the shirt write down
TWO
things you have learned today
On the shorts write
ONE
question you would like answering.
HOLD UP YOUR WASHING!!
FINAL HURDLE:
TASK CARD ONE:
You have 1 minute to learn the previous 2 components.
TASK TWO:
What are the three types of Strength?
CHALLENGE:
You have ONE minute to learn the last two components. Remember the examples as well!!
OLYMPIC WORLD RECORDS:
Question:
1. Name ONE type of strength that Usain would use in the 100 meters.
(1 mark)

2. Using an example, explain why improved levels of the strength you named in question 1 would help Usain in the 100 meters.
(3 marks)


Swap Books
Mark Scheme:
1. Explosive, Dynamic, Static.

2.
Award one mark for the example and then two for the explanation.
Explosive strength - when leaving the blocks/improved levels will give him an initial burst of speed/get in front or win the race.
Dynamic strength - during the race/ improved levels maintain his form, speed or cadence/to maintain or improve position.
Static Strength - when holding the set position/improved levels will mean he will be able to hold that correct position and this will help him prevent a false start.
WRITE A QUESTION ON A POST IT NOT ABOUT ONE COMPONENT WE HAVE JUST DISCUSSED.
SWAP IT WITH THE PERSON ON YOUR RIGHT.
ANSWER EACH OTHERS QUESTIONS.
example: Why does Wiggo need Muscular endurance?
HOW DID THEY GET ON?
Discuss as a pair how you feel about the answer each other gave.
If your unsure link with another group to create the perfect answer.
Using the images in sheet 1 consider the first 4 components of fitness and explain where each athlete would benefit from the improved fitness of these components.
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO ALWAYS BE PREPARED FOR ANYTHING?
WARM UP
You must

You should

You could

Be able to recall at least 5 components of fitness
Outline each components and explain each definition

Link several components to an elite athletes training
ACHIEVE @ Sedgefield

We are learning to:
EXPLAIN ALL COMPONENTS OF FITNESS AND LINK EACH COMPONENT TO A SPORTS ATHLETE

Could
Should
Must
(Peer Assessment)
Full transcript