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5 Functions of Noun (phrases)

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Justin Pease

on 25 September 2014

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Transcript of 5 Functions of Noun (phrases)

5 Functions of
Nouns

AND
Nouns Phrases

(and Pronouns)

Subject
Direct Object
Indirect Object
Subject Complement
Object
of
the Preposition

When
NOUNS

ARE
SUBJECTS
,
they
ARE
:
NOUNS
that
DO
something.
OR
NOUNS
that
ARE
being described.
NOUNS
that
DO
something
In the following examples,
DO
2 things:
identify the
nouns

and
identify which
noun
is
DOING
something
(how many
nouns
are there?)
(which words are
nouns
?)
(which
person, animal, place, thing, or idea
is the SUBJECT?)
"Billy likes to drink soda."
Reginald eats burgers.
The lady listens to music.
Ms. Mom plays games with her daughter and son on Sundays.
The boy reads books on the lawn.
Billy
and
soda
Reginald
The lady
The boy
Ms. Mom
Two
Billy
Two
Reginald
and
burgers
Two
The lady
and
music
Three
The boy
and
books
and
lawn
Five
Ms. Mom
and
games
and
daughter
and
son
and
Sundays
(And remember!
PRONOUNS can REPLACE
NOUNS
,
so
try reading each sentence with "I," "we," "you," "he," she" "it" in place of each subject;
PRONOUNS can also be subjects!
)
(which groups of words are
noun
phrases?)
(which groups of words are the subjects?)
_________________________________________________________
Who can share an example of a sentence in which the SUBJECT is a
NOUN
(or pronoun) that
DOES
something?
NOUNS
that
ARE
being described
In the following examples,
do 1 thing:
identify which
NOUNS
(or
noun phrases
)

ARE
being described.
(Which
person
,
animal
,
place
,
thing
, or
idea--
OR group of words
--

IS
the subject of the sentence?)
"Miss Lippy's car is green."
____________________________________________________________________
Miss Lippy's car
The songbird's voice is beautiful.
This COD zombies level is impossible.
Our team is awesome.
That pop song is inappropriate.
Harry Potter is magical.
The songbird's voice.
This COD zombies level
Our team
That pop song
Harry Potter
Pronoun Examples:
He is smart.
He
They are nice.
They
You are polite.
You
Now it's your turn to share some examples of
NOUNS
and
NOUN phrases
(and/or pronouns)
as subjects that
ARE being described!
(
NOUN
)

(DirectLY AFFECTED)
When
NOUNS

and
NOUN PHRASES
(and pronouns)
are DIRECT OBJECTS,
they are:
NOUNS
, and
NOUN PHRASES

(or pronouns)
that are
DIRECTLY AFFECTED
by the SUBJECT.
Check out this sentence:
Mario kicks the shell.
Mario
is the subject
because he is the
noun
that is
DOING
something.
The DIRECT OBJECT
is the
noun
that
Mario
is DOING something TO!
The DIRECT OBJECT is the
shell
because
MARIO
is
kicking
it.
Mario
(the subject)
is
DIRECTLY AFFECTING
it.
Okay, get it?
NOW
YOU
were a
SUBJECT
that
AFFECTED
A
noun
that is
directly affected
by a
subject
is a
DIRECT OBJECT
.
think of a time when
a
DIRECT OBJECT
.
PLEASE SHARE YOUR SENTENCES
AND IDENTIFY THE
NOUNS/NOUN PHRASES

(or pronouns)
that are the
DIRECT OBJECTS
your
SUBJECTS

AFFECTED DIRECTLY
.
NOUNS/NOUN PHRASES
(and pronouns)
When
are
INDIRECT OBJECTS,
they
:
RECEIVE
the
DIRECT OBJECT
BUT
Do NOT
(or are
affected
by)
come AFTER
a PREPOSITION
Joe made his mom a Mother's Day card.
He sent
Jules
a love letter.
Sarah gave The Goblin King disappointment.
Bob painted his fans beautiful landscapes.
I N D I R E C T O B J E C T S
Find the INDIRECT OBJECT by asking:
Is there a
direct object
(something
directly affected
by the
subject
)?
What is the direct object?
Is another
NOUN/NOUN PHRASE
(or pronoun)
receiving/getting affected
by the
direct object?

TRY
IT
Is there a
direct object
?
YES!
It's "
a love letter
"
because "He" "
sent
" it.
Is another
NOUN/NOUN PHRASE
(or pronoun) receiving it?
YES!
"
JULES
" is receiving it.
Is there a
direct object
?
YES!
It's "
Mother's Day card
"
because "
Joe
" "
made
" it.
Is another
NOUN/NOUN PHRASE
(or pronoun) receiving it?
YES!
"
His mom
" is receiving it.
Is there a direct object?
YES!
It's "
beautiful landscapes
"
because "
Bob
" "
painted
" them.
Is another
NOUN/NOUN PHRASE
(or pronoun) receiving it?
YES!
"
His fans
" are receiving it.
TRY
THIS:
Get it?
Try to come up with your own sentences in which...
...there are...
...SUBJECTS...
...DIRECT OBJECTS...
...AND INDIRECT OBJECTS!
(
NOUNS/NOUN PHRASES
[or pronouns] that
DO
something that
DIRECTLY AFFECTS
another
NOUN/NOUN PHRASE
[or pronoun])
(
NOUNS/NOUN PHRASES
[or pronouns] that
ARE DIRECTLY AFFECTED
by what the
SUBJECT

DOES
)
(
NOUNS/NOUN PHRASES
[or pronouns] that
RECEIVE/ARE AFFECTED BY
the
DIRECT OBJECT
but DO NOT FOLLOW A PREPOSITION.)
(Some examples of prepositions to avoid: TO, FOR, ABOUT.)
Examples of PREPOSITIONS: about, above, across, after, against, along, among, at, before, belong, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, by, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, onto, over, since, through, to, toward, under, with... THIS IS NOT A COMPLETE LIST. Use your reference materials to identify parts of speech if you are ever unsure.
PREPOSITIONS
show the relationships
of
objects
to
one another.
The dog is
in
the dog yard.
My homework is
on
my desk.
The preposition is
before
its object.
Where is
the dog

in
relation
to

the yard
?
The dog
is
IN

the yard
.
Where is
my homework

in
relation
to

my desk
?
The homework
is
ON

my desk
.
Where is
the preposition

in
relation
to

its object
?
The preposition
is
BEFORE

its object
!
Where is the
OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION
in
relation
to

the PREPOSITION
?
The OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION

is
AFTER
the PREPOSITION!
It is the
NOUN/NOUN PHRASE
(or pronoun) that is right
after

the preposition

of

a sentence
.
When a
NOUN/NOUN PHRASE
(or pronoun) comes right
AFTER
a PREPOSITION
IN
a sentence
,
it is
the OBJECT

OF

THE PREPOSITION
.
In the following sentences, identify the OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION (the preposition is purple). The examples include pronouns.
I
gave

the high-five

to

my teammate
.
She
put

the letter

in

the mailbox
.
The cat

chased

the mouse

through

the house
.
The kid

was

among

the crowd
.
The examples

are

below

the directions
.
The projected image

is

against

the whiteboard's surface
.
the house
my teammate
the mailbox
the crowd
the whiteboard's surface
the directions
Can you think of some examples?


Share some sentences.


Identify the objects of the prepositions in them.

We know that
the
SUBJECT
is the
NOUN/NOUN
PHRASE
(or
pronoun)
that either
DOES

something
OR
IS BEING
DESCRIBED
,
right?
The SUBJECT COMPLEMENT
is
any
NOUN PHRASE (with an ARTICLE [the, a, an])
or pronoun
(or adjective--but we're not focusing on adjectives)
that comes after a
LINKING VERB
(any forms of the verb
BE

are
always linking verbs:
am
,
is
,
are
,
was
,
were
,
has
/
have been
,
are being
,
might have been
, etc.)
(these verbs
are
linking verbs IF you
can replace
them with an equals sign [=] and
have
a correct sounding sentence:
appear
,
feel
,
grow
,
look
,
prove
,
remain
,
sound
,
taste
,
turn
. These
are
for complements as adjectives, so
don't worry
about them.)
when the LINKING VERB
comes after
the SUBJECT.
Basically, if the SUBJECT is being named or called a NOUN PHRASE,
the NOUN PHRASE the SUBJECT is being
called is FUNCTIONING as the SUBJECT COMPLEMENT.
Try making sentences with these linking verbs and a
noun phrase
that is functioning as a
SUBJECT COMPLEMENT
:
AM
IS
ARE
WAS
WERE
HAS BEEN
HAVE BEEN
MIGHT HAVE BEEN
Can you identify the
SUBJECT COMPLEMENT
in these sentences?
Bobby is a lifeguard.
My lizard was a vegetarian.
I am a mountain biker.
It is I!
You were 6th graders.
You will be 8th graders.
French Fries have always been the world's best food.
a lifeguard
a vegetarian
a mountain biker
What am I?
6th graders
8th graders
the world's best food
I
I
NOW,
using our notes
and resources if
we need to,

LET'S
START
TRYING
TO
IDENTIFY

THESE 5
FUNCTIONS
OF
NOUN
PHRASES

in ALL
sentences
(in general)

AND
in specific
sentences!

READY?
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