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The Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes SM

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by

Caroline Sharon

on 6 May 2014

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Transcript of The Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes SM

Gulf coast prairie and marshes
Gulf coast prairie and marshes
Adaptations
Plant adaptations
Biome
Estuaries- the salt body of waters connect with the fresh body of water into the Gulf of Mexico
Plants
giant salvina, chinese tallow tree, salt cedar, deep rooted sedge,brazillian pepper tree,chinaberry tree, japanese honey suckle,chinese privet, common water hyacinth,alligator weed,trifoliate orange,guineagrass.
Animals
Red wolf,sandhill cranes,muskrat,cayote,marsh rice rat,mink,river otter,bottle nose dolphin,alligator,diamond back terrapin,bull frog roseate spoonbill,black simmer,gulls,terns,pelicans,spotted sea trout,red drum,southern flounder,stripped mullet,sheeps head shrimp,blue crab,snappers,spadefish
Ecosystems
salt grass marshes
marshes
prairies
barrier island
grasslands
tall grass prairies
oak mottes
Gulf coast prairies and marshes
salt cedar tree- sometimes called tamarisk and this plant inflicts significant damage on stream banks and waterways this plant can live 50 to 100 years and it is adapted to arid climates grows in salty poor soil and during a drought it drops its leaves to store water and nurients
Animal Adaptations
Bottle nose dolphin- aerodynamic anotomy it uses the shape of its body to help it swim which has the opposing forces
Catastrophic events
Hurricane ike
When- september 1, 2008-september 14, 2008

Food chains and webs
Erosion, Deposition
Physical weathering- the process of which the rocks are broken down without changing chemically.
Examples:
Erosion-the process of which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water,glaciers,winds,waves,etc
Examples: the strong sands and hurricanes can wear down the beaches and make new things
Deposition- a process in which things can be deposited somewhere else
Examples:the sand from the wind, waves and hurricanes can deposit sand and sometimes form sand dunes
Climate
Hurricane Ike was a secondary succession because when it flooded the ground was never destroyed but the impact on the hurricane destroyed many habitats all over. Humans could cause succession to this environment because they could liter which can cause polution in the water and endanger many animals and habitats
Summer temperature 70-90 degrees
Winter temperature 45-60 degrees
Cities
Physical and Chemical Weathering
Chemical weathering- the substance changing its structure.
Examples: caves,
Alvin
Baytown
Beaumont
Port Author
Port Isabelle
Raymonville
Sugarland
Victoria
Wharton
Abiotic factors
Ponds- The pond is a home to many animals where they can survive and thrive
Rocks- the rocks help some animals hide from predators or provide shade
Water- Animals use water to drink and it helps plants survive
40-60 inches of rain each year
east texas avereage rainfall is 46 in a year
west texas average rainfall is 12 in a year
Weathering, Erosion, deposition
Erosion is the process of which things can be eroded by glaciers, waves and winds. Weathering is the process of breaking down by the weather around it. Deposition is the process of which things are carried away by the wind, hurricanes, storms and may form sand dunes. These are all alike because the create new things .
Elevation less than 150 ft
By: Sharon Muita and Rumer Jones
The food chain shows the energy flowing through.The producer is the green plant which makes its own food and the grasshopper is the primary consumer then the spider is the secondary consumer and at the very top is the tertiary consumer. Food chains and food webs both transfer energy
Cites
http://hcmsfeffer.weebly.com/uploads/2/2/7/9/22796270/tx_ecoregions_mini-project-_texas_info_for_project_-w-e-d_mainly.pdf
texasinvasives.org
http://seaworld.org/en/animal-info/animal-infobooks/bottlenose-dolphins/adaptations/
http://www.terrain.org/articles/27/lamberton.htm
bettervm.basf.us
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