Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Foundations, Instruction and Assessment of Vocabulary Instruction in Kindergarten

No description

Kathleen Pedersen

on 2 May 2011

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Foundations, Instruction and Assessment of Vocabulary Instruction in Kindergarten

Vocabulary Instruction
in Kindergarten National Reading Panel:
Vocabulary is a critical component
of reading instruction. Vocabulary growth is
determined by parental
practices. oral language daily interactions experiences Why Do We Need
Vocabulary Instruction? to communicate with one another to listen to speak to read to write Socioeconomic status is
a major indicator of
how expansive a child's
vocabulary is. At-risk students are
more likely to have
vocabulary deficits. As the child grows older
the gap between children with
high and low level vocabulary
knowledge increases.
It is difficult to decrease
the gap as the child
ages. Direct vocabulary instruction is needed starting in Kindergarten. Reading Writing Listening Speaking Readers cannot understand
what they are reading
without knowing what the
words mean. As text level increases,
so do the complexity of
the words. A child may be able
to read all of the
words, but not understand the
meaning of the text. Comprehension
suffers. Low vocabularies
will also affect a
child's writing
ability. How do we teach
vocabulary effectively? Use a "robust" approach. Vocabulary learning
and acquisition is
developmental. We need to start
teaching vocabulary
in Kindergarten. Children need to be
explicitly taught 2-3
new words every day. daily oral language activities listening to adults read with explicit instruction independent reading specific and direct word instruction extended, meaningful instruction
with active engagement NOT looking up words in the dictionary! Interactive Read-Alouds Draw attention to
key words and their
meanings Discussion before and
after reading Children are given a
real-life context to connect
the word to. Teacher can introduce many new words. Can use both fiction and
non-fiction books Children need multiple exposures
to a word in order to internalize it.
(Biemiller and Boote, 2006) Can provide a photograph
or concrete model for students The direct connection of an object
to a word helps students associate
the word with the object (Biemiller, 2005). Teacher and peer modeled language
are critical for language development
(Kindle, 2008) How do we choose words? Tier One
Tier Two
Tier Three
(Beck, McKeown, Kucan (2002) Choose Tier Two to teach If the language used to define
the word is too hard, then the
word itself is too hard. Words must be useful to the children
(Chanko, 2008) What about Assessment? Formal and Informal conversations
and daily
interactions Pre and post
assessments Written assessments
as child's writing skills
increase. Four stages of knowing a word
(Beck, et. al, 2002) 1. No knowledge
2. Has seen or heard the word
but does not know the meaning
3. Some knowledge and may be able
to relate the word, but unable to apply
to many contexts.
4. Knows the word well, and can explain
and use it in a variety of contexts. Vocabulary acquisition is on a continuum! Direct instruction of vocabulary
must be taught with the same
rigor as all other areas of reading
and writing. Teaching vocabulary is continual
and should be taught through
all grade levels starting at an
early age. Chit-Chat Book
Mystery Bag Children practice
speaking in front
of a group. Children need to
use their
Full transcript