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Gender Roles Presentation
Transcript of Gender Roles Presentation
January 21, 2013
Jay Scarson Gender Concept
The understanding that gender is permanent; it cannot be changed by appearance. How are Gender Roles Developed? A child’s perception of gender is correlated with his basic understanding of the world.
It is common for gender roles to develop quite early.
As early as 2 years old, children can associate specific tasks and material items with men and women.
Children begin stereotyping between 3-4 years of age, as they relate certain traits with men or women.
Children relate certain qualities with males and females by age 5. This comprehension is well developed by age 9.
When are Gender Roles Adopted? Gender identity changes from early childhood to adolescence
Puberty has a significant impact on changes in gender identity
Adolescents have a better understanding of gender identity and are able to recognize that gender roles are perceptions
Adolescents have a better understanding of bisexuality and homosexuality Gender Identity Changes with Age Changes in displaying nontraditional gender behaviors such as those of the opposite sex
Developing an attraction to people of the opposite sex
Changes in appearance through clothing, makeup, and accessories
Stage one - Gender Identity
Between 9-12 months, a child is able to correctly label himself and others as male or female. Stage Two - Gender Stability
By age 4, a child is able to understand that a person's gender remains the same throughout life. Stage Three - Gender Constancy
By age 5, a child is able to understand that gender cannot be changed simply by changing one's outward appearance. Reference Perception and Gender Roles Social learning theorists emphasize that the media is a constant source of sex-role stereotypes. Television commercials and programs often show women as homemakers or in romantic situations while men are often portrayed in the workplace, working with tools, or playing sports.
Parents also reinforce sex-role stereotypes by encouraging girls to play with more feminine toys such as dolls, and boys to play with more masculine toys such as trucks. Observable Behaviors and Gender Identity Changes The Social Learning Theory Image source: https://roma.wcu.edu/groups/genderidentitydisorder1/wiki/a876b/Gender_Identity_Disorder_Facts.html Image source :http://singlenomoredating.blogspot.com/2012/10/is-your-gender-identity-getting-in-way.html In Conclusion Perceptions of gender roles are greatly shaped by a child’s environment, such as parents, social media, and the upbringing of the child.
Parents and other family/friends shape perceptions of gender roles by the toys they provide, the clothing they dress their children in, encouraging participation in gender-based extracurricular activities, and encouraging same sex friends for their children.
Children may not always exhibit traditional gender behaviors, but they should be encouraged to feel comfortable about the choices they make. Image source: http://exministries.wordpress.com/2012/05/23/error-of-man-confirms-itself-in-australia/ Bee, H., & Boyd, D. (2010). The Developing Child (12th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.