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Rhyme and Rhythm: The Fundamentals of Rap
Transcript of Rhyme and Rhythm: The Fundamentals of Rap
Before Rap was Rap
- Origins of rap can be traced back to west Africa where people sang to the beats of the drum.
- Origins of rap can also be traced back to Caribbean folk song which was sung in rhymes.
- Fundaments of modern rap started to show in the 1970 were many students used to buy beats and subsequently rhyme to the music.
- True rap was created through the music of James brown and the last poets as they valued rhythm over melody and spoke in sped up version spoken word
- DJ Hollywood made the first ever rap in his nightclub and coined the term hip-hop, after rhyming to disco music.
Why Rap is Different...
- Rap is different because, it focuses more on rhythm rather than melody.
- Rap also mainly focuses on fast pace spoken word esq lyrics.
- Rap unlike most music is usually based on socio political issues and personal issues i.e poverty.
- Rap is also very different from other genres as it it doesn’t usually rely on traditional instruments i.e a trumpet or clarinet and, rap relies more heavily beats from a drum or verbal made beats.
- Because of how diverse rap is rap music unlike other pieces of music incorporates aspects from different genres i.e the use of hip hop in classic rap and the used electronic beats in modern rap
C) What instruments or rhythm makes this genre unique?
- Rap’s rhythm is different from other pieces of music because it incorporarates high paced beats or beats created by a dj. It usually incorporates scratches and cuts when creating the beat.
- Rap’s main instrument use depends on the time before classic rap would incorporate verbal beatboxing and modern rap now uses aspects from electrically made music
- Most rap is also built on the foundation of using rhyme and lyrics to create beats.
- It highly depends on the lyrical and rhythmic flow
- Rap is also considered to be different from other genres as it is one of the only genres which uses rhythm and beats as supporting music for the lyrics and is heavily reliant on the lyrics to create the overall song.
The Modern Day Rhyme...
how did this genre change over time?
· Rap was formerly known as oration or speech. The word was later associated with the musical story-telling.
· First rap was just rhythmic story-telling without beats, now it’s evolved into beats played in the background long with the rhythmic flow of the lyrics
· It focuses a lot on “delivery” meaning how exceptionally one can say the rap, whereas before, people just told stories and rhyme
· It consists of little bit of hip hop, as it is performed in time to the beat
· It was all rhyming before, now the rhythm coexists alongside the tune and the beat
What is the genre like now, today?
· It has evolved from story-telling to music. Focuses a lot on beat, tune and delivery. The faster one can deliver his verses, the more profound it will be.
· The importance of the lyrics has increased. The rhyming scheme has been cultivated and there are many varieties of rhyming schemes now.
· The beat and tune has become a lot more significant. The beat and tune provide the extra hint of entertainment.
· The pace of the rap is much faster now, with the record at 723 syllables at 51.27 seconds by NoClue on his track, “New West”, in January 2005. (14.1 syllables per second)
· It has evolved from story-telling with morals and lessons to hypothetical situations with no necessity (i.e., songs talking about their whims and desires and dreams about girls or money or gangsters etc)
The Future of Rap
What will it be like in the future, knowing how it has evolved from its past?
· It will change from a fast pace to a slower pace. There are currently rap songs with an extremely slow pace. However, the fast paces of rap will not totally diminish
· The beats and tunes will be such that it will stand out more than the rhythm, and the rhyming of lyrics.
· It has evolved from story-telling with rhymes, to gangsters, to whims and desires, and in the future, the spotlight might be focused on the enjoyment of this life.
· The development of new styles will clash and form many more rapping styles
· More and more artists will go away from the roots of rap, and try to develop it more in the aspects of rhythm. Ex: Beats and tunes will matter and appeal more to the audience than the lyric rhyming and rhythm.
Eminem-History and Facts
Eminem was born on October 17, 1972 in 8 mile, a mostly black suburb in the east regions of Detroit
· Faced a lot of adversity in his life, as everyone undermined his rapping ability, because he was white
· In 1996, he released his first album named, “Infinite”, then went to a the annual Rap Olympics in Los Angeles where he attracted the likes of Dr. Dre through his exceptional and brilliant rhyming and rapping abilities
· After meeting Dr.Dre, he went on to be a member of D12, where he gained huge success.
· In 1999, he released his second album titled, “ The Slim Shady LP”, named after his alter ego, Slim Shady, and in 2000, he released his third album called, “The Marshall Mathers LP”, followed by “The Eminem Show in 2002, “Encore” in 2004, “Relapse” in 2009, “Recovery” in 2010, and “The Marshall Mathers LP 2”| in 2013.
· He was married twice to Kim Mathers and divorced twice. He has 3 daughters, Hallie Jade Scott Mathers, Alaina Mathers, and Whitney Mathers
· He is the best selling artist of the 2000-2010 decade, with an estimated of 100 million records sold worldwide
· Eminem is regarded to as one of rap’s greatest artist of all time
· He advocates what he thinks is right, and condemns publicly what he feels is wrong
· Eminem is a more of straightforward rap artist, as he says what he wishes, regardless if he may have offended anyone
· He talks about his personal life, what he feels he should’ve done in life, the life lessons for his fans, the wrong things in life, the adversity he has faced in his lifetime and many more.
· He talks to us about his personal feelings on issues and worldwide matters, as he raises his concerns on these things
· He raps about his life in a fast, clever pace, which has exceptional rhythm and rhyme and also his genuine feelings
· He tells us how to deal with adversity in life, being seen as an inspiration to millions across the globe
· He uses many rapping techniques which include: his humorous way of addressing subject matter, connecting with his audience, complex rhyme schemes, his ability to bend words so that they rhyme, his use of multisyllabic rhymes, fitting many rhymes in each bar, complex rhythms, clear enunciation, and use of melody.
Jay-Z-History and Interesting Facts
He was born on December 4th, 1969 in Brooklyn, New York
· He was brought by a single mother in an apartment along with his 3 siblings
· He was raised in a harsh environment with many adversities in his high schooling life, which is where he found his passion for rap and started writing lyrics alongside future rappers AZ, Busta Rhymes, and Notorious B.I.G.
· He released his first album in 1996. His list of albums is in the following order: Reasonable Doubt (1996), In My Lifetime, Vol. 1 (1997), Vol. 2... Hard Knock Life (1998), Vol. 3... Life and Times of S. Carter (1999), The Dynasty: Roc La Familia (2000), The Blueprint (2001), The Blueprint2: The Gift & The Curse (2002), The Black Album (2003), Kingdom Come (2006), American Gangster (2007), The Blueprint 3 (2009),Magna Carta Holy Grail (2013)
· A large portion on his songs are based on his personal life
· Many of his songs involve his upbringing, and his thoughts and feelings on that
· He also talks a lot about the adversity he has faced in his life
· Like Eminem, many consider him to be an inspiration because he raps about the many matters of this world, and he shares his feelings on that
· He got married to Beyoncé in April 2008 and publicly announced it on April 22nd of 2008
· His songs consist of a slower pace, but the messages he wants to deliver is still very clear
· His songs produce good beat alongside his outstanding rhythm
· He collaborated with many artists, and with Eminem once on a song called “Renegade” in 2008.
· He developed and enhanced a style called “flow”. He uses rests in his songs to provide structure to his verses.
· He is regarded as a rap legend, and rightfully so, he is one of the best-selling artist of the decade
· He has a daughter named Blue Ivy Carter
Now, that you learned what rap is all about it's time to put your skills to the test. We would like all of you to write down one 3 to 4 sentence rhyme scheme. We will pick a few of you and, the best ones will present to the class!