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Antonio Vivaldi

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by

Amy Cho

on 6 February 2014

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Transcript of Antonio Vivaldi


At the peak of his career, Vivaldi received commissions from many people such as ambassadors, and kings (His work
La Cetra
was dedicated to Emperor Charles VI).
With his father, Vivaldi traveled to Vienna in 1730, where his opera
Farnace
was presented.
The final years of his life found him in financial difficulties. His compositions were no longer held in such high esteem as they once were in Venice.
He resigned from the Ospedale in 1740.
He sold numbers of his manuscripts to finance his migration to Vienna.
In September 1703, he started working at the Ospedale della Pietà (orphange) in Venice - maestro di violino (master of violin)
Vivaldi wrote concertos, cantatas and sacred vocal music for them.
His appointment was renewed every year. He had to leave the Ospedale in 1709, but was recalled in 1711.
He became responsible for all of the musical activity of the institution when he was promoted to maestro di' concerti (music director) in 1716.


Set of concertos, composed in 1712–1713
The set was first published in 1716 and was dedicated to a Venetian nobleman Signor Vettor Delfino
12 of them total, with 3 movements each
Famous for defined framework of instrumental and harmonic forces

1. Four Seasons
2. Concerto for Mandolin
3. Gloria
4. La Stravaganza
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
Who is Vivaldi?
One of the greatest Italian Baroque composer
Catholic priest
Violinist
Known mainly for composing instrumental concertos(violin), sacred choral works and over 50 operas
His best known work is a series of violin concertos,
The Four Seasons.
EARLY LIFE
Born : March 4, 1678 - Venice, Italy
Baptized immediately after his birth at his home - due either to his poor health or to an earthquake that occurred that day
His mother dedicated him to the priesthood
He had 5 siblings
His father Giovanni Battista Vivaldi was a professional violinist - He taught Antonio to play the violin and toured Venice
He was ill- "strettezza di petto" ("tightness of the chest") - a form of asthma
In 1693, at the age of 15, he began studying to become a priest
In 1703, he was ordained.
After a year of his ordination, he no longer wished to celebrate mass due to his illness - though he remained as a priest

In Ospedale della Pietà...
An art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text and musical score, in a theatrical setting
Vivaldi started his career as an opera composer as a sideline: his first opera,
Ottone in villa
was performed in 1713.
Only around 50 operas by Vivaldi have been discovered, and no other documentation of the remaining operas exists.
OPERA
In 1718, Vivaldi was offered a new position of the court of prince Philip of Hesse-Darmstadt, governor of Mantua.
He moved to Mantua for three years and produced several operas including
Tito Manlio
.
In 1721, he was in Milan, and in 1722, he moved to Rome and introduced his operas' new style.
In 1725, Vivaldi returned to Venice, where he produced more operas.
During this period Vivaldi also wrote the
Four Seasons.
LATER LIFE
Shortly after his arrival in Vienna, Charles VI died, which left the him without any royal protection or a steady source of income.
He died during the night of 27/28 of July in 1741, aged 63.
4 Major Works
FOUR SEASONS
A set of four violin concertos

Concerto
- a musical composition usually composed in three parts or movements, in which one solo instrument is accompanied by an orchestra
Composed in 1723
Each resembles its respective season
Concerto for Mandolin
Autumn
Summer
Winter
Spring
Gloria
Choral composition
RV 589 is the most familiar and popular piece of sacred music by Vivaldi
Composed during his employment at the Ospedale della Pietà
Among the three, only two survived (RV 588, RV 589)
La Stravaganza
Composed in 1725
There are three movements
Vivaldi creates sharp and low contrasts between the mandolin and the rest of the orchestra
No. 2
RV 589
More Facts About Vivaldi
His nickname was 'il Prete Rosso' which means 'The Red Priest' because of his red hair
He became a priest against his own will, but it is said that he did it because training for the priesthood was the only way for a poor family to have free schooling.
During his time in Mantua, he became aquainted with young singer Anna Tessieri Giro, but there's no evidence of relationship.
Full transcript