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Chicken Nuggets

Ingredients contained in chicken nuggets
by

Panda Luck

on 28 February 2014

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Transcript of Chicken Nuggets

Chicken Nuggets
White Boneless Chicken
This ingredient is more different from "white meat chicken" than one would expect.

According to Drs. Richard D. deShazo and Steven Bigler, and Leigh Baldwin Skipworth, B.A., the chicken nuggets they tested were 50 percent or less of chicken muscle, generally referred to as "meat." The remainder of the nugget was composed of fat, blood vessels and nerves, glands and skin.

Although these factors are still edible, the added fat and the fact that the nugget is also fried, it's not good for the body as this leads to a higher calorie count and contributes to the obesity epidemic.
Natural Flavour
This is a very open term of much controversy. It is unsure of what exactly it is that is considered to be "natural" and what is not. According to NaturalNews, "the line of distinction between foods labeled "all natural" and cancer causing food is not only blurred, it barely exists.

For instance, MSG, Aspartame and bugs are all considered to be "natural flavors" and "natural colors". Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) is a neurotoxin that can cause brain lesions, neuro-endocrine disorders, and neurodegenerative disease in humans.
Food Starch-Modified
In calling the food starch "modified," this ingredient is evidently no longer natural starch. It may have been in fact chemically treated in many ways that we may never know as this term allows for food manufacturers free reign over what is done to their products.

An ingredient labeled with just "modified starch" has an acid added to it in order to lower its viscosity. Modified starches are often hard for a person to digest and though the long term effects of this ingredient remains unknown, a large portion of modified starches come from China where there have been cases of lead poisoning in toys and melamine poisoning in infant formulas.
Bleached Wheat Flour
Milled flour is bleached by having chemicals being added to it to "improve the baking qualities" and is as a result, a whiter colour. The chemically produced bleached flour has a lower protein content than aged flour but there is little nutritional difference between bleached and unbleached flour which both contains the vital vitamin E.

Bleaching is usually accomplished chlorine dioxide gas, which irritates the skin and is toxic by inhalation, which brings one to question whether or not it is really safe to use such a chemical to bleach flour since although the flour is just exposed to the bleaching agent, there will be chemical residue that remains.
Wheat Starch and Corn Starch
Starch is an odorless and tasteless white substance derived from plants, mainly from cereals and potatoes but can also be derived from corn and wheat. Starch is able to absorb water quickly and is mainly used for processing and food thickening or stabilizers in the food manufacturing industry.

These ingredients are a polysaccharides that function as a storage for carbohydrates and is an important integral part of the human diet. Also, according to Drugs.com: "Consumption of excessive quantities of raw starch has resulted in obesity and iron-deficiency anemia in human subjects."
Bibliography
Andrews, John. "Surprise Ingredients in Fast Food." NaturalNews. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2014. <http://www.naturalnews.com/022194_sodium_ingredients_food.html>

"Corn." The World's Healthiest Foods. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. <http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=90>.

Corriher, C. Thomas. "Understanding Foods Labeled 'Modified'; What Is Modified Food Starch and Should It Be Avoided?." Understanding Foods Labeled 'Modified'; What Is Modified Food Starch and Should It Be Avoided?. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://healthwyze.org/index.php/component/content/article/261-understanding-foods-labeled-modified-what-is-modified-food-starch-and-should-it-be-avoided.html>.

"Cruising Chemistry - How is Water Purified?." Cruising Chemistry - How is Water Purified?. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. <http://people.chem.duke.edu/~jds/cruise_chem/water/watdiet.html>

"Dextrose." Healthlines RSS News. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://www.healthline.com/health/dextrose>.

Godoy, Maria. "Oh, So That's What Goes Into A McDonald's Chicken McNugget." The Salt: What's On Your Plate. npr, n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. <http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2014/02/06/272112028/oh-so-thats-what-goes-into-a-mcdonalds-chicken-mcnugget>.

"Ingredient Information." In-R-Food. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://inrfood.com/ingredients/1617>.

"International Starch: The Production of Wheat Starch." International Starch: The Production of Wheat Starch. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://www.starch.dk/isi/starch/tm33wheat.asp>.

"McDonalds Chicken McNuggets: The Chicken Which Should Be Banned." Mercola.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. <http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2010/11/08/do-you-have-any-idea-of-the-chemicals-used-in-fast-food-chicken.aspx>.

"Sodium Phosphate: MedlinePlus Drug Information." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2014. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a609019.html>

"The Hidden Truth About Enriched White Flour." Natural Health Organic Living Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/natural-health/enriched-white-flour/>.

Watson, Bruce. "What's Inside Chicken Nuggets? Far Less Chicken Than You'd Think." DailyFinance.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. <http://www.dailyfinance.com/on/whats-inside-chicken-nuggets-far-less-chicken-than-youd-think/>.

Wells, S. D.. "Health Basics - What's really behind the ingredient 'Natural Flavors?'." NaturalNews. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2014. <http://www.naturalnews.com/036308_natural_flavors_MSG_aspartame.html#>

"What Is Autolyzed Yeast Extract?." LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG.COM, 21 Oct. 2013. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/71755-autolyzed-yeast-extract/>.

"What's Really In Chicken McNuggets? (Scary)." Food Matters. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. <http://www.foodmatters.tv/articles-1/whats-really-in-chicken-mcnuggets-scary>.

"Wheat FAQ." The Whole Truth -. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. <http://thewholetruth.org/Health_Wheat_FAQ.asp>.

"Wheat Starch." (Inactive Ingredient). N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://www.drugs.com/inactive/wheat-starch-390.html>.

Wood, Frank. "salt (NaCl) (sodium chloride)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/519712/salt-NaCl>.

"Yellow Corn Flour Uses and Information." Yellow Corn Flour Uses and Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. <http://www.barryfarm.com/nutri_info/flours/cornyellow.html>.
Firstly, here is a video by
Mcdonald's Canada
on the process of making their
Chicken McNuggets
.
(main ingredient to lowest quantity of ingredient used)
Ingredients

Water
Water, or H2O, is a very important resource for the human body. A human being can only survive for an average of 5-7 days without water.

As a chemical reactant, water is use to not only digest food and access stored energy for muscles and organs, but many other countless bodily functions and reactions.
Salt
Primarily composed of sodium chloride or NaCl, this mineral is vital to the health of humans. It contributes to water retention, muscle contraction, and contains important nutrients for the stomach.

Lack of salt is dangerous, sodium deficiency can lead to heavy perspiration and decrease in blood pressure. However, too much salt can lead to high water retention and hypertension.
Sodium phosphates
Sodium phosphate is a saline laxative medicine that causes diarrhea in order to empty the colon before a colonoscopy, an examination of the inside of the colon to check for colon cancer and other abnormalities.

The US Food and Drug Association (FDA) has had reports of severe dehydration from taking more than the recommended dose of over-the-counter sodium phosphate products resulting in damage to organs such as the kidney and the heart, some cases leading to death. Sodium phosphate is known to have caused serious kidney damage in some people, some of which was permanent.
This is added as an "antifoaming agent" for the chicken nuggets and is a type of silicone that is also used in cosmetics and a variety of other goods like Silly Putty. Why is this an ingredient in something that is consumed? Although this ingredient is non-toxic, it will irritate the skin and eyes and is a danger if inhaled or swallowed in its raw form.
Tertiary butylhydroquinone (TBHQ), a petroleum-based product with antioxidant properties is also found in chicken nuggets. However, it can also be found in varnishes, lacquers, and pesticide product to reduce the evaporation rate and to improve stability.

One gram of TBHQ can lead to nausea and vomiting, ringing in the ears, delirium, a sense of suffocation, and collapse. Health hazards include liver effects at very low doses, mutation, biochemical changes at very low doses, and reproductive effects at high doses.
Tertiary butylhydroquinone (TBHQ)
Enriched Flour
Enriched flour is flour with added components to it, some of which are actually toxic. For example, according to Global Healing Centre, metallic iron is a "nutrient" added to enriched flour. Metallic iron isn't bioavailable to the human body and is not meant to be consumed. In addition to this, this ingredient is not absorbed by the body as wheat or a grain for the body to utilize as energy efficiently, but as a starch instead since as the FDA states: enriched flour cannot have more than 5% wheat germ.

The consumption of products that contain enriched white flour causes for the body to undergo a process of sugar highs and lows and can also contribute to obesity.
Yellow Corn Flour
According to Barry Farm: "Yellow Corn flour is Milled from dried corn kernels and is not corn meal." Corn flour is also gluten free.

Corn is a good source of fiber and a phytonutrient-rich food that has many antioxidant benefits including providing a contributing factor to the decreased risk of cardiovascular problems.
Dimethylpolysiloxane
Dextrose
Dextrose (also known as glucose or D-glucose) is a simple sugar that is found in the blood, naturally formed in the body and is the body’s primary source of energy. In the food manufacturing industry, dextrose is added to products as an artificial sweetener.

However, like just about all things, excessive intake of dextrose can lead to hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), hyponatremia (a lack of sodium in the blood), diabetes, and obesity.
In conclusion, although chicken nuggets may taste good, there is much to know about them that may not necessarily the best for the body. For example, I was surprised to find that there were ingredients that may cause bodily harm such as dimethylpolysiloxane and sodium aluminum phosphate. Learning more about the ingredients that this processed food contains will surely help to ensure that you become more aware what you consume and can in turn become healthier and more safe.
I hadn't really thought too much about what I ate before, as long as it tasted good. However after this assignment, I have learned to be more conscious about food. Looking at the ingredients may show some of the reasons why one should be more aware.
Spices
This ingredient listed is not very specific but by definition, a spice is a dried seed, fruit, root, bark, or vegetable substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food. Peppers, especially hot capsaicin peppers like chili are what cause the burning sensation on the skin and mucous membranes, including the inside of the mouth when eating spicy foods.

Spicy foods can have damaging effects on both the inside of your mouth as well as throughout the rest of the digestive rout. In fact, patients with various gastrointestinal diseases are often advised to avoid spicy foods. However, certain peppers also have medicinal uses such as in cures for arthritis, atherosclerosis, the common cold, muscle cramps, infections, lung congestion and ulcers.
Battered and breaded with...
Autolyzed Yeast Extract
This ingredient is a substance that results when yeast is broken down into the components that it is made up of. The The soluble portions are separated from the insoluble components after the wall of the cell gets disrupted as the yeast’s enzymes break down proteins which releases amino acids, salts and carbohydrates.

Autolyzed yeast extract is a hidden source of gluten and naturally contains monosodium glutamate (MSG) to which some people have experienced side effects from, including headaches, flushing, sweating, chest pain and numbness around the mouth.
monosodium glutamate
Sodium Aluminum Phosphate
Sodium aluminum phosphate is used in baking powder as a leavening agent to extract the carbon dioxide out in dough or batter.

The aluminum that this ingredient contains is harmful to tissues in the body and accumulates mainly in the brain and bones overtime. Aluminum toxicity effects may appear gradually and adversely has an effect on cognitive processing, memory, and mood.
Thank You
for watching this Prezi about the ingredients of chicken nuggets!
By: Priscilla Lo
Full transcript