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Copy of 05.16 More Myths
Transcript of Copy of 05.16 More Myths
MORE MYTHS BY: Kristopher Ribecky
1. How does mythology explain spiders?
Athena versus Arachne in an arena. Arachne was convinced that she was even better than a Goddess. Arachne challenged Athena to a contest at see that was better at weaving. Arachne insulted Athena with her finished craft. She then touched the forehead of Arachne and made her feel her guilt and shame. She could not endure it and went and hanged herself. Athena touched her and transformed her into a spider. Athena told her "Live," she said, "guilty woman! And that you may preserve the memory of this lesson, continue to hang, both you and your descendants, to all future times."
2. Why was the laurel tree sacred to Apollo?
In Greek mythology, Daphne was a nymph, a female spirit of nature, who possessed extreme beauty. She caught the attention of Apollo, the god of the sun. He lusted for her. He wanted her. Apollo chased Daphne, in an attempt to capture and seduce her. Daphne had no hope of evading Apollo. So, in a last ditch effort to save herself, she pleaded with Gaia, Mother Nature, the Titan of the Earth. She begged Gaia to spare her from Apollo. Gaia answered Daphne's plea. Gaia severed the earth, and allowed the ground to swallow Daphne whole. And out of pity and sorrow, she allowed a laurel tree to grow, at the very spot where Daphne was taken.
3. How did the echo come to be?
Echo is a nymph that fell love with Narcisse. Devastated, Echo decided to hide in a deep cave. Then died slowly, her skin and her bones disappeared but her soul, still alive because of the love she had for Narcisse, became a source. Now she takes what she hear and gloomily gives it back. OR she was flirting with Zeus and Hera didn’t like that and banished her to repeat all that anyone said.
4. Where did the dew come from?
EOS was the rosy-fingered goddess of the dawn. She and her siblings Helios and Selene were numbered amongst the second-generation Titan gods. Eos rose up into the sky from the river Okeanos at the start of each day, and with her rays of light dispersed the mists of night. Eos had an unquenchable desire for handsome young men, some say as the result of a curse laid upon her by the goddess Aphrodite. Her lovers included Orion, Phaethon, Kephalos and Tithonos, three of which she ravished away to distant lands. The Trojan prince Tithonos became her official consort. When the goddess petitioned Zeus for his immortality, she neglected also to request eternal youth. In time he shrivelled up by old age and transformed into a grasshopper.
5. What task does Atlas perform?
ATLAS was one of the second-generation Titans. He personified the quality of endurance. In one tradition, Atlas led the Titans in a rebellion against Zeus and was condemned to bear the heavens upon his shoulders. In another, he was said to have been appointed guardian of the pillars which held earth and sky asunder. Atlas becomes the god who turns the heaven on their axis, causing the stars to revolve. Hercules encountered the Titan during his quest for the Golden Apples of the Hesperides. He agreed to take the heavens upon his shoulders while Atlas fetched the apples. Hercules also slew the Hesperian Drakon, which in vase painting appears as the Titan's tormentor, and built two great pillars at the ends of the earth, perhaps to relieve the Titan of his labour. Later they came up with Perseus turning him into stone with the head of Medusa.
Arachne told everyone about being better than Athena
Arachne precepit omnes de ente melius quam Athena
both had a contest
utrumque esset certamen
Athena turned Arachne into a spider.
Athena versus Arachne in aranea.
Arachne was convinced that she was even better than a Goddess.
Arachne challenged Athena to a contest to see who was better at weaving.
Arachne insulted Athena with her finished craft. which made Athena angry
She then touched the forehead of Arachne and made her feel her guilt and shame. She could not endure it and went and hanged herself.
Athena touched her and transformed her into a spider.
Athena told her "Live," she said, "guilty woman! and that you may preserve the memory of this lesson, continue to hang, both you and your descendants, to all future times."