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Transcript of DJM UI
PRESENTED BY :
RESEARCH'S POSITION :
Descriptive, evaluative, and explanatory study to assess and evaluate the entrepreneurship learning comprehensively that focus on inputs (such as curriculum, students), process (such as teaching methods, institutional supports), output (such as students academic standards of achievement, students / Alumni perception of their learning) to establish entrepreneurial learning in order to create successful entrepreneur through explanatory study.
Micro, Small, Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)
Educational backgrounds are mostly
Micro business = 2,4% per year
Small business = 5,0% per year
Medium business = 3,8% per year
Large business = 2,6% per year
Graduates become job seeker not job creator
How to deal with these issues ???
Total Number in 2011 = 55.206.444 units
Proportion = 99,90% of total business in Indonesia
They absorb 97,24% total workforce in Indonesia
MSMEs' growth = 2,41% per year
Absorption in 2012 = 97,16%(have decrease)
Workforce's growth = 5,92% per year
Anything else ???
Other Facts . . .
Indonesia has low educated entrepreneurs
Necessity-Driven Entrepreneurial Activity:
Indonesia = 25%
Malaysia = 18%
Singapore = 8%
Entrepreneurial Intention (Supriadin, 2012):
Undergraduate Students = 6,14%
Elementary School Graduate = 32,46%
Educated unemployment in Indonesia = 47,81%;
dominated by college graduate = 12,78%
(Republika Online, 2012)
Entrepreneurship Cultural Development Program (DIKTI)
The Business Skills and Training Development (Kemenkop & UKM)
Student Entrepreneur Development Program (DIKTI)
Independent Young Entrepreneur Program (PT Bank Mandiri)
(State of The Art)
Doctoral Science & Management
School of Business & Management
Bandung Institute of Technology
Entrepreneurship research still in exploratory study: few of the studies present developed hypotheses and even fewer build on theory to elaborate the hypotheses.
Few studies that conduct the case study to evaluate all elements of entrepreneurship learning within university context
Lack of comprehensive evaluation from internal and external regarding entrepreneurship learning and institutional supports
Lack of theory which explains entrepreneurial learning to produce successful entrepreneurs
GAPS IDENTIFIED :
Entrepreneurship can contribute in important ways to economic development. One way to do this is through innovation, which involves the development of new business (Szirmai et al., 2011: 26).
Entrepreneurship education creates opportunity entrepreneurs, it helps MSMEs to grow significantly hence can generate job and reduce the number of unemployment (Thurik et al., 2007: 19)
Entrepreneurship education provides the better understanding, knowledge and skills for college graduate so that they are equipped to be agent of change (Herrmann et al., 2008:10).
This study provides new knowledge of innovative learning that are vital aspect in entrepreneurship education movement (Elyasi et al., 2012: 60) in Indonesia.
This study develop theory of entrepreneurial learning that can support entrepreneurship education as an effective instrument to produce successful entrepreneurs (Alberti et al., 2004).
3. Case Study
The object of this study is limited and purposive; only focusing on small part of Indonesia then it might difficult generalize to other setting in Indonesia.
The theory which explains entrepreneurial learning might need some adjustment in different cultural environment within Indonesia.
RESEARCH QUESTIONS :
1.“What are current situation of entrepreneurship learning programs and institutional supports within several higher education institutions in Indonesia? “
2.“To what extent effectiveness of existing entrepreneurship learning programs and institutional supports could encourage students to become successful entrepreneurs?”
3.“What are the learning experiences of entrepreneurship programs during college that provides a fertile ground for boosting the successful entrepreneurs?”
4.“What kind of theory which explains entrepreneurial learning in Indonesia?”
1. Academic Contribution:
Development of entrepreneurship learning and institutional supports which is effective to produce successful entrepreneur.
Development the learning theory building which is effective to support students become successful entrepreneur.
2. To Academic Institution or Higher Education Institution:
The development of entrepreneurship learning and institutional supports which is effective to produce successful entrepreneurs in Indonesia, hence:
It could make a significant contribution to the positioning of academic institution or higher education institution within the highly competitive market in Indonesia.
It could make significant contribution to qualifications level of entrepreneurship education.
It could help the lecturer to make effective classroom process in order to create more successful entrepreneurs.
3. To Government:
The development of entrepreneurship learning theory in Indonesia, hence:
It could help the government to make the standard curriculum policy regarding entrepreneurship as the compulsory course.
It could make a significant contribution to job creations and ultimately to reduce open unemployment in Indonesia.
1.To provide “State of The Art” of learning practice within
higher education institutions.
2.To provide effectiveness criteria of entrepreneurship
learning in order to create more successful entrepreneurs
3.To determine factors associated with the effectiveness
criteria for entrepreneurship learning being met.
4.To build entrepreneurial learning theory which effective
to produce successful entrepreneurs.
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES :
HOW TO CLASSIFY THE ARTICLES ???
External Evaluation Phase
Quasi-Statistical Analysis Style
Business Incubator Center ITB
Center for Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and Leadership SBM-ITB
Community Entrepreneur Program UGM
Center for Entrepreneurship and Development Studies UI
Why this topic is important ???
“What are current situation of entrepreneurship learning programs and institutional supports within several higher education institutions in Indonesia? “
2. “How the effectiveness of entrepreneurship
programs and institutional supports is
3. “To what extent effectiveness of existing
entrepreneurship learning programs and
institutional supports could encourage
students to become successful
To what extent its effectiveness ???
Existing conditions of learning practice within HEIs such as type of program, its objectives and outcomes, target & selection of students, contents provided, methods of delivery used, methods of assessment used, and assurance of learning provided.
The profile of undergraduate degree and alumni such as the number of entrepreneurs, non-entrepreneurs career (at public or private company), and unemployment.
Certain entrepreneurship contents that effective to shape characteristics and competencies of successful entrepreneurs.
Certain teaching strategy (pedagogy) that effective to shape characteristics and competencies of successful entrepreneurs.
Certain methods of assessment that appropriate to measure the effectiveness of entrepreneurship program and the delivery methods to shape characteristics and competencies of successful entrepreneurs.
Framework of Articles' Clasification
Criteria standard of entrepreneurship program effectiveness as guideline of evaluation.
Part of entrepreneurship learning and institutional supports that need to be improved.
Certain learning and institutional supports that enable and not enable to shape characteristics and competencies of successful entrepreneurs.
in Higher Education Institutions
4. “What kind of theory which explains
entrepreneurial learning in Indonesia?”