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Blood Diamonds

An exploration on an economically immoral issue.
by

Grant Bass

on 26 October 2011

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Transcript of Blood Diamonds

(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr Blood
Diamonds History:
Sierra Leone
(II) Current Solutions Other
Possible Solutions Liberate the
Blood Diamond Mines Giving aid to the local
government,so that they may take care of the issue. Kimberly
Process Boycott/Refusing to buy
Conflict Diamonds Blood Diamonds, also known as “Conflict Diamonds” are stones that are produced in areas controlled by rebel forces that are opposed to internationally recognized governments. The rebels sell these diamonds, and the money is used to purchase arms or to fund their military actions. Blood Diamonds are often produced through the forced labor of men, women and children. They are also stolen during shipment or seized by attacking the mining operations of legitimate producers. These attacks can be on the scale of a large military operation. The stones are then smuggled into the international diamond trade and sold as legitimate gems. These diamonds are often the main source of funding for the rebels, however, arms merchants, smugglers and dishonest diamond traders enable their actions. Enormous amounts of money are at stake and bribes, threats, torture, and murder are modes of operation. (1) History Channel: Blood Diamond:
Beyond the Blood Shed
http://www.history.com/videos/blood-diamond-beyond-the-bloodshed *1-Source: "Blood Diamonds | Conflict Diamonds | Kimberly Process | GEOLOGY.com." Geology.com - Earth Science News, Maps, Dictionary, Articles, Jobs. Copyscape. Web. 13 Oct. 2011. <http://geology.com/articles/blood-diamonds.shtml>. The Kimberly process isn't as effective as people once hoped it would be. It is a simple government certification that requires institutions to be certified in Diamond trade, and it certifies that they are not trading any diamonds that come from conflict areas Tip but underneath, are much more moral issues. On the surface, Blood Diamonds
are only seen as a political issue Why are Blood Diamonds such a
big issue? Illegal Income Damages economies Hoarding of Diamonds Illegal transportation and trade Boundary/territory infringements Child Labor Slave labor Funding for Wars Illegally run mines Black Market trading Fund
guerilla
warfare
and terrorist
groups Al-Queda Money
Launderers Rebel Forces Inhumane Treatment of Workers Cutting off of limbs Beating of Children Raping of females Burning down of towns
*2 SOURCE: "CNN.com - Blood Diamonds: Timeline of Conflict - January 18, 2001." CNN.com - Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News. Time Warner Broadcasting Company, 18 Jan. 2001. Web. 17 Oct. 2011. <http://archives.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/africa/01/18/diamonds.timeline/>.
2000 (cc) image by jantik on Flickr 1990 1994-RUF takes over Sierra Leone diamond areas. The capital Freetown is threatened. More than 50,000 have been killed and about half the country's 4.5 million people have been displaced. 1995-RUF beaten back from Freetown and diamond areas liberated. 1998-ECOMOG (Economic Community Cease-fire Monitoring Group) launches offensive on Freetown driving out AFRC/RUF. Kabbah returns. Sierra Leone armed forces disbanded. AFRC/RUF continue to attack towns and villages throughout country. U.N. peacekeepers sent in.

1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 1991-Former army Corporal Foday Sankoh leads Revolutionary United Front (RUF) attacks on Sierra Leone border towns from Liberia.

1992-RUF starts to target civilians in Sierra Leone, their hallmark being amputations. 120,000 flee to Guinea.

1996-Sierra Leone elections marred by RUF violence. Ahmed Tejan Kabbah becomes president. RUF and Kabbah sign a peace accord. 1997-Soldiers release 600 prison inmates and seize power to form the Armed Forces Ruling Council. Kabbah flees. Major Johnny Paul Koroma, a former coup plotter, becomes chairman and invites RUF to join government.

1999-AFRC/RUF attack Freetown killing 6,000 civilians before ECOMOG push them back. Peace setllement agreed. Foday Sankoh given role in government. U.N. approves 6,000 peacekeeping force.

2000-RUF kidnap 500 peacekeepers. UK sends in paratroopers. Sankoh detained. U.N. imposes global embargo on diamond exports from Sierra Leone.

How do I know if my Diamond is a Blood Diamond? Dont Support
the Blood Diamond Industry
by buying them. NATO
Trade Agreements NATO has extablished
trade agreements to restrict the
trading/selling of Blood Diamonds in certain areas http://news.bbc.co.uk/panorama/hi/front_page/newsid_9557000/9557304.stm By using the Armed Forces
and Army reserves, the United States, in cooperation with other militant forces from NATO and the UN, liberating the areas from rebel forces should be a focal point of the campaign. Shutting down these mines would be the next step in restoring powert to the local governments. Vivian. "Conflict Diamond Factsheet." Bottom Line and Beyond. Blogger.com, 11 Feb. 2007. Web. 22 Oct. 2011. <http://blab-scu.blogspot.com/2007/02/conflict-diamond-factsheet_11.html>.
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