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UCC CCJHR conference presentation

Presentation for the UCC CCJHR conference April 2011
by

Paul Bernal

on 23 September 2011

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Transcript of UCC CCJHR conference presentation

Privacy
Anonymity
Identity
Privacy Anonymity Identity Confusion a new balance - Who we are is OUR business
- We cannot be tracked or data gathered upon us without a very good reason
- We should control when our identity is revealed

Privacy means identity or anonymity is on our terms A right to privacy is a basic right
- It applies unless there is a good reason for it not to
- It applies to all – even, in most circumstances, children
- Websites should be designed accordingly
The infrastructure of the internet should be set up to respect this right to privacy The paradigm should be privacy
- Our basic right is for privacy
- There are times and places for anonymity
- There are times and places where identity is required
All needs to be made clearer – and on our terms True anonymity should be very rare
When there is danger involved
- Dissidents in oppressive regimes
- Whistleblowers
- People at risk – e.g. victims of abuse

Islands of anonymity provide refuges or sanctuaries
Anonymity provides protection – but there are risks
There is no basic right to anonymity
- Anonymity needs to be asserted – and reasons provided
- Places for that anonymity need to be justified
- BUT where it is justified, it needs to be respected
Technology can support websites which provide something very close to true anonymity When is our identity ‘required’?
- E-government
- Places where a certain age is required?
- Where knowing exactly who everyone is would be
desirable for all concerned
Sometimes assertion of identity provides protection
– a private area for victims of abuse, for example. Identity is a two-edged sword
Sometimes people want to know our identity
Sometimes we want to be able to assert our identity

The whole issue of how online identity is still up for grabs A future ‘right to identity’ would include
- the right to create and assert identity
- to protect that online identity
- to control the links between the online
and offline identity Do we have privacy?
Can we have anonymity?
Where and how do we need to prove our identity?
Nothing is clear – and the losers are us… How? - Talk about it - a lot
- Assert our rights
- Lobby - make it political
- Bring the big boys on our side
- Make privacy a selling point Privacy Anonymity Identity ...as the norm ...when needed ...on our terms Paul Bernal paul.bernal@uea.ac.uk
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