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Film Analysis

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by

Staci Clement

on 11 November 2015

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Transcript of Film Analysis

Film Analysis
Shots and Framing!
Shot: a single piece of film uninterrupted by cuts
Establishing Shot
often a long shot or a series of shots that sets the scene. It is used to establish setting and show transitions between locations!
Long Shot
a shot from some distance. If filming a person, the full body is shown. It may show the isolation or vulnerability of the character.
Medium Shot
the most common shot. The camera seems to be a medium distance from the object being filmed. -shows the person from the waist up - the effect is to ground the story
Close up
the image takes up at least
80 percent of the frame
Extremely Close Up
the image being shot is part of a whole,
such as an eye or hand
Two Shot:
a scene between 2 people shot exclusively from one angle that includes both characters almost equally
Camera Movements!
Pan:
a stationary camera that moves
from side to side on a horizontal axis
Tilt: a stationary camera moves
from side to side on a horizontal axis.
Zoom: a stationary camera where the lens moves to make an object seem to move closer or further away from the camera. (With this technique, moving closer to the person or object makes the audience feel more personal towards it, moving away separates us from the character or object.
Dolly/Tracking: the camera is on a track that allows it to move with the action. (ex: camera mounted on a truck, helicopter, etc...)
Boom/ Crane: the camera is on a crane over the action. This is used to create overhead shots.
Editing Techniques:
Cut: most common editing technique. Two pieces of film are spliced together to "cut" to another image.
Fade:
can be to or from black or white. A fade can begin in darkness and gradually assume full brightness (fade-in) or the image may gradually get darker (fade-out). (A fade often implies that time has passed or may signify the end of a scene.)
Dissolve:
a kind of fade in which one image is slowly replaced by another. It creates a connection between the images.
Wipe:
a new image wipes off the previous image. (A wipe is quicker than a dissolve)
Flashback:
cut or dissolve to action that happened in the past.
Shot-reverse-shot:
a shot of one subject, then another, then back to the first. (Often used in conversation or reaction shots)
Cross-cutting:
cut into action that is happening simultaneously. (AKA: parallel editing. creates tension or suspense between scenes)
Eye-Line Match: cut to an object, then to a person. This shows what a person is looking at and can reveal a character's thoughts.
Sound!
2 types:

Diegetic: sound that can logically be heard by the characters in the film.
Non-Diegetic: Sounds that cannot be heard by the characters, but is designed for audience reaction only.
Review! See what you can identify and analyze in this clip!
Full transcript