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Transcript of Ireland
I hope you enjoyed exploring the Irish culture!
Ireland is home to a warm and welcoming culture. Known as the "land of saints and scholars," the Irish culture is based on its Celtic and Roman Catholic roots. It is a land of story-tellers, a tradition dating back to the Celtic people that initially inhabited the country. It is also best known through its literature, drama, and songs. Many of Ireland's traditions and holidays are based its Celtic heritage as well as the influence of Catholicism, brought to the country by St. Patrick. The people of Ireland hold pride in their history and fight for independence and identify themselves by the county they are from.
Summary of Culture
The Surface Culture of Ireland
Ireland is well known for its abundance of beautiful green fields that make up its landscape. This trait has earned the nation the nickname the Emerald Isle.
Ireland is separated into two regions. Northern Ireland consists of 6 counties and is still part of the United Kingdom. The lower 83% of Ireland is made up of 26 counties that are collectively named the Republic of Ireland
The Irish flag is based on the French tricolour flag. It was not recognized as the national flag until after the Easter Rising of 1916. The green section represents the older, Gaelic population which is mostly Catholic. The orange represents the Protestant population, and the white represents the truce between the two cultures and living in peace.
Ireland is an island nation in the north Atlantic Ocean. Its landscape consists of mountains on the coast and agricultural lowlands in the interior.
Ireland has two official languages, of which English is one. However, in 2005 the European Union officially recognized Irish, or Gaelic, as a working language.
The Deep Culture of Ireland
The national holiday of Ireland is St. Patrick's Day, celebrated on March 17th. St. Patrick is the man recognized as bringing Christianity to Ireland and it is believed that he died on March 17th.
Irish pubs are key to keeping Ireland's culture and tradition alive. They are often a focal point of villages and neighborhoods and are where the art of story-telling, music, and conversation is kept alive. Often there is traditional Irish music played on locally made instruments. Pubs are also where classic Irish meals are easily found.
The Irish Pub
Holidays, like Christmas, have their foundations in the Catholic history of Ireland. St. Bridget's Cross is usually hung on doors as a sign of protection. The nativity is usually placed out rather than a Christmas tree, but if a tree is used it is topped with St. Bridget's cross as well.
The Irish are know for their excellent conversation skills and love for story-telling which dates back to Celtic times. This love for socialization is also found through their meeting a pubs, festivals, hiring shows and cattle fairs.
Fair Brown and Trembling: An Irish Cinderalla Story by Jude Daly
This is an Irish rendition of the classic Cinderella story. Trembling has two evil sisters: Fair and Brown. Each week the evil sisters attend Mass, but will not allow Trembling to go. The henwife helps Trembling by giving her beautiful dresses and horses to attend Mass. Eventually, the princes want to know who she is and one prince grabs one of Trembling's shoes. He travels until he find that it fits Trembling and then must fight all the other princes to marry her. He wins and marries Trembling.
Patrick: Patron Saint of Ireland by Tomie dePaola
This children's book tells the life and history of St. Patrick. It begins in his childhood and explains how he came to live in Ireland. It ends by telling about the numerous miracles attributed to him that occurred during his time in Ireland.
Tales from Old Ireland by Malachy Doyle
This children's book is a collection of classic Irish folk tales. It makes use of the Irish, or Gaelic, language and explores different aspects of Irish culture and tradition.
Ireland's culture is deeply steeped in "folk" culture. Many thousands still participate in dance, music, and storytelling events. Many of these traditions date far back to the time of the Celtic people.
Be Cautious of Religion
The people of Ireland, especially Northern Ireland, have been in conflict for centuries. The Roman Catholic population and the Protestant population have feuded over land and religion for a long time and very strong feelings have formed as a result. In the classroom teachers need to be cautious of how they approach religious topics and strive to keep lessons about religion neutral.
The Irish are very fond of jokes and humor. Often it is used to "break the ice" and as a sign of affection between friends. If Irish students use insults or teasing humor, known as "slagging" to them, teachers need to keep in mind that this is likely not the student being rude to a peer, but a means of initiating conversation or a sign of friendship. Before taking any disciplinary actions, the context of the comment should be considered.
For Teachers of Irish Children
Irish students come from a very social and welcoming culture. They may be very social in class, and teachers should remember that a talkative student who socializes a lot with his or her friends is just a reflection of the culture and should try to work with the child rather than punish them. The Irish culture is generally laid back, and a child may be unused to a tightly structured schedule and may be more prone to spending time in talkative behavior. Teachers should strive to make their classroom a warm and welcoming place for students to make it feel as much like home as possible, and keep culture in mind before taking any disciplinary action for talking.
Famous People From Ireland
Swift was born in Dublin, Ireland. He was an author of poetry, satire, and essays. He was also ordained as a priest in the Church of Ireland, which is the Irish branch of the Anglican Church. One of his most well known works is
Yeats is considered to be one of the greatest poets of the twentieth century. He was proud of his Irish nationality and included Irish heroes and legends in his plays.
William Butler Yeats
Shaw was born in Dublin, Ireland and later moved to London where he became the leading theater and music critic. He was also a very successful playwright and produced well known plays such as
Mrs. Warren's Profession
George Bernard Shaw
National Holiday: http://britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/293754/Ireland/23035/Education#toc23037
Folk Culture: http://britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/293754/Ireland/23035/Education#toc23037
Holiday Traditions: https://msichicago.org/scrapbook//scrapbook_exhibits/catw2004/traditions/countries/irelnd.html
Social Life: http://britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/293754/Ireland/23035/Education#toc23037
Keep Culture in Mind: http://www.interculture.ca/cil-cai/ci-ic-eng.asp?iso=ie#cn-1
Be Cautious of Religion: http://www.interculture.ca/cil-cai/ci-ic-eng.asp?iso=ie#cn-1
Understand Humor: http://www.interculture.ca/cil-cai/ci-ic-eng.asp?iso=ie#cn-1
Jonathan Swift: http://www.victorianweb.org/previctorian/swift/bio/html
William Butler Yeats: http://www.poetryfoundation.org/bio/william-butler-yeats
George Bernard Shaw: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1925/shaw-bio/html
Keep Culture in Mind
Ireland landscape: photography.nationalgeographic.com
Saint Patrick: moviewriternyu.wordpress.com
St. Bridget's Cross: celticmythpodshow.com
Fair, Brown, and Trembling: amazon.com
Patrick: Patron Saint of Ireland: amazon.com
Tales from Old Ireland: amazon.com
Jonathan Swift: en.wikipedia.org
William Butler Yeats: fineartamerica.com
George Bernard Shaw: www.korpisworld.com
Scotney, J., (2003), p. 60-154)
Layout: Scotney, J., (2003), p. 10-13