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Russia 1906-1914

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Adeline Tsui

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of Russia 1906-1914

The workers at the Goldfields mines were in appalling conditions, working 16 hour days, had low pay and for every 1,000 workers, 700 hundred of them were involved in a traumatic accident. This led to a revolt, in which the government brutally murdered around 250 workers trying to supress them.
This was good for the government:
It restored order to the people and showed them the cosequences of revolt.
However it was also bad because:
The massacre angered the people as they didn't like how they were being treated, this increased revolutionary spirit.



Russia 1906-1914
INTRODUCTION TO 1906-1914
During this presentation, we will be looking at the events that happened in Russia between 1906 to 1914 and investigating the effects they had on the Russian Govenment and Russia's people.

One of the major themes of this period was the prevention of another revolution. 1906 was after the 1905 revolution, and the Tsar knew that he had to take drastic measures to stop the people of Russia from revolting again.

One of the first things he did was appoint a new Prime Minister, Peter Stolypin.



1906
1908
1910
1912
1914
September 14-18th 1911:
Peter Stolypin's Assassination
May 1906
Peter Stolypin elected as PM
November 9th 1906:
Stolypin’s Decree, introduction of Stolypin reforms
July 1914-Russia mobilises to protect Serbia (Start of WW1)
March 1907:
The second Duma convenes,
with a big increase for the
leftist parties.
April 17th 1912
Lena Goldfield Massacre
Stolypin was shot on by a man from his own secret police named Dmitri Bogrov who shot him once in the arm then in the chest. After claiming his love and loalty for the Tsar Stolypin was brought to the hospital and died 4 days later on the 18th of September. Bogrov was then hung on the 24th of September.
From the government's perspective this was bad because:
It showed the government that Stolypin hadn’t achieved his aims- Russia’s people were still discontent with the way Russia was being ruled which led to his assassination.
Conclusion
SUCCESS OF FAILURE? AND FROM WHO"S PERSPECTIVE?
TIMELINE
Government's Perpective
-Carrot and stick approach: make people happy.
-Calmed down the tensions of the 1905 revolution.

-Anger the loyal oppositions (that were divided after october manifesto.
-May increase in revolutionary action.

People's Perpective
-Some peasants got what they wanted.

-They thought these reforms were going to improve their living conditions and do as the October Manifesto had promised.
Coup of June 1907’
(Arresting and dissolution of all revolutionaries)
This was better for the Tsar and Autocracy:
The aristocratic landowners won 50% of the seats in the new Duma, and also gave nobles and landowners votes with more value than the peasants. This meant there were more nationalists and polititions in the Duma as opposed to revolutionaries.

Less revolutionaries = less revolutionary spirit = less opposition = gets rid of ideas like democracy.

Dissolution of Duma suppressed opposition and made reforms or laws easier to decide

But was bad for the peasants and revolutionaries:
This new law meant that peasants were poorly represented in the Duma and that there were little revolutionaries in it as well.
June 1907
Changes to to the electoral law are made after the 2nd Duma was dissolved
The Government/Autocracy
The People of Russia
This was in some ways good for the government:
The war might be a way for a patriotic sense to be returned to Russia, and for Russia's glory to be returned.

However there was also a downside for the government:
Going to war probably meant that a lot of lives would be lost. Trade will halt, economy will halt and inflation will rise. This will probably lead to further discontent among the people of Russia and therefore a higher chance of revolt.

In conclusion, the Stolypin Reforms brought upon success because:

-It managed to calm down the aftermath of the 1905 revolution.
-Created the Kulaks: loyalty to the Tsar
-There was an increase in economic growth.
-Decreased revolutionary spirit.

However, it can also be seen as ineffective as:

-The creation of reforms ultimately resulted in Peter Stolypin's death.
-Strikes like the Lena Goldfield massacre wasn't treated appropriately.
-There was still revolutionary spirit.

In conclusion, the Stolypin Reforms brought upon success because:

-The people got what they wanted (they got their own land)
-Peasants were able to earn profit.
-Abolishing of redemption payments.
-The conditions improved for the majority.

However, it can also be seen as ineffective as:

-There was a lot of deaths (eg. Lena Goldfield massacre ad other strikes)
-The reforms only benefited the Kulaks
-Didn't benefit the ordinary peasants
-People weren't given as much freedom as promised.

Throughout the next few years, Peter Stolypin would introduced a number of major reforms, which were mainly focused on the peasants, including:

- their redemption payments cut
- the ability to buy more land,
- loan more money from the bank, invest, etc.

These reforms benefitted some of the peasants. The peasants which got this deal would be much wealthier than the peasants who did not. They were called the kulaks.

The idea of the kulaks was, if all the peasants became
wealthy:

- there would be no revolution as the peasants
would be the majority of the population
- they would be happy and be in favour of the Tsar.
.
..Which was good for the govenment.

However, the rate of peasants turning to kulaks were slow, and this was once again, too little, too late. Peter Stolypin knew that this would only work, if there was 20 years of peace.
This was good for the government because
:
Less revolutionaries = less revolutionary spirit = less opposition = gets rid of ideas like democracy. It also showed people the consequences of revolt.

However it was bad because:
It angered Russia's people and fostered discontent among them. This act also alarmed different revolutionaries as they would have to keep what they're doing secret.

When taking into account the events from 1906-1914, there was fluctuations in the stability of autocracy, where the strength varied within different periods of time. However, by the time Russia mobilized to help in 1914, the strength of autocracy weakened, thus, autocracy remained fractionally stable in the short run, but began to fall with the start of World War One.
April 23 (May 6 NS):

A constitution (the Fundamental Laws of 1906) is created, reflecting the promises made in the October Manifesto
How strong was Autocracy after 1914?
By Adeline, Ayush, Eric, Zoe, Emily and Mila
Evidence that Life improved
Evidence that life got worse
To what extent did discontent increase between the years 1906-1914?
Full transcript