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Albert Einstein

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Jothika S.

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of Albert Einstein

Timeline Albert Einstein Birth Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, in the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire on 14 March 1879. Education Albert attended a Catholic elementary school from the age of five for three years. At the age of eight, he was transferred to the Luitpold Gymnasium where he received advanced primary and secondary school education until he left Germany seven years later Marriages and children In early 1902, Einstein and Marić had a daughter they named Lieserl, born in Novi Sad
Einstein and Mari married in January 1903. In May 1904, the couple's first son, Hans Albert Einstein, was born in Bern, Switzerland. Their second son, Eduard, was born in Zurich in July 1910. In 1914, Einstein moved to Berlin, while his wife remained in Zurich with their sons. They divorced on 14 February 1919, having lived apart for five years.
Einstein married Elsa Löwenthal on 2 June 1919, after having had a relationship with her since 1912. She was his first cousin maternally and his second cousin paternally. In 1933, they emigrated to the United States. Academic Career In 1901, his paper "Folgerungen aus den Kapillarität Erscheinungen" ("Conclusions from the Capillarity Phenomena") was published in the prestigious Annalen der Physik.
By 1908, he was recognized as a leading scientist, and he was appointed lecturer at the University of Bern. The following year, he quit the patent office and the lectureship to take the position of physics docent at the University of Zurich.
In 1921, Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect, as relativity was considered still somewhat controversial. He also received the Copley Medal from the Royal Society in 1925. Travels Abroad Einstein visited New York City for the first time on 2 April 1921, where he received an official welcome by the Mayor, followed by three weeks of lectures and receptions. He went on to deliver several lectures at Columbia University and Princeton University, and in Washington he accompanied representatives of the National Academy of Science on a visit to the White House. On his return to Europe he was the guest of the British statesman and philosopher Viscount Haldane in London, where he met several renowned scientific, intellectual and political figures, and delivered a lecture at King's College.
In 1922, he traveled throughout Asia and later to Palestine, as part of a six-month excursion and speaking tour. His travels included Singapore, Ceylon, and Japan, where he gave a series of lectures to thousands of Japanese.Einstein later gave his impressions of the Japanese in a letter to his sons:"Of all the people I have met, I like the Japanese most, as they are modest, intelligent, considerate, and have a feel for art." hi Emigration to U.S.A In February 1933 while on a visit to the United States, Einstein decided not to return to Germany due to the rise to power of the Nazis under Germany's new chancellor.
He visited American universities in early 1933 where he undertook his third two-month visiting professorship at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. He and his wife Elsa returned by ship to Belgium at the end of March. During the voyage they were informed that their cottage was raided by the Nazis and his personal sailboat had been confiscated. Upon landing in Antwerp on 28 March, he immediately went to the German consulate where he turned in his passport and formally renounced his German citizenship. In early April, he learned that the new German government had passed laws barring Jews from holding any official positions, including teaching at universities. Einstein also learned that his name was on a list of assassination targets, with a "$5,000 bounty on his head."One German magazine included him in a list of enemies of the German regime with the phrase, "not yet hanged". In October 1933 he returned to the U.S. and took up a position at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, New Jersey. He was still undecided on his future (he had offers from European universities, including Oxford), but in 1935 he arrived at the decision to remain permanently in the United States and apply for citizenship. Patent office After graduating, Einstein spent almost two frustrating years searching for a teaching post, but he found a job in Bern, at the Federal Office for Intellectual Property, the patent office, as an assistant examiner. He evaluated patent applications for electromagnetic devices. In 1903, Einstein's position at the Swiss Patent Office became permanent, although he was passed over for promotion until he "fully mastered machine technology". World War II and the Manhattan Project In 1939, a group of Hungarian scientists that included emigre physicist Leó Szilárd attempted to alert Washington of ongoing Nazi atomic bomb research. The group's warnings were discounted.
In the summer of 1939, a few months before the beginning of World War II in Europe, Einstein was persuaded to lend his prestige by writing a letter with Szilárd to President Franklin D. Roosevelt to alert him of the possibility. The letter also recommended that the U.S. government pay attention to and become directly involved in uranium research and associated chain reaction research. President Roosevelt could not take the risk of allowing Hitler to possess atomic bombs first. As a result of Einstein's letter and his meetings with Roosevelt, the U.S. entered the "race" to develop the bomb, drawing on its "immense material, financial, and scientific resources" to initiate the Manhattan Project. It became the only country to successfully develop an atomic bomb during World War II. U.S Citizenship Einstein became an American citizen in 1940. Not long after settling into his career at Princeton, he expressed his appreciation of the "meritocracy" in American culture when compared to Europe.
During the final stage of his life, Einstein transitioned to a vegetarian lifestyle, arguing that "the vegetarian manner of living by its purely physical effect on the human temperament would most beneficially influence the lot of mankind". Death On 17 April 1955, Albert Einstein experienced internal bleeding caused by the rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, which had previously been reinforced surgically by Dr. Rudolph Nissen in 1948. He took the draft of a speech he was preparing for a television appearance commemorating the State of Israel's seventh anniversary with him to the hospital, but he did not live long enough to complete it. Einstein refused surgery, saying: "I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly." He died in Princeton Hospital early the next morning at the age of 76, having continued to work until near the end. During the autopsy, the pathologist of Princeton Hospital, Thomas Stoltz Harvey, removed Einsteins brain without the permission of the family, in the hope that the neuroscience of the future would be able to discover what made Einstein so intelligent. Einstein's remains were cremated and his ashes were scattered at an undisclosed location. Hello Hello 5 character traits Curious; He was curious how the needle in the compass moved in the empty space.
“I have no special talents. I am only passionately curious.”
Albert Einstein. Albert Einstein's most important accomplishments In my opinion, I think Albert Einsteins' most important accomplishment would be his Theory of Relativity, famously known as E=MC. This formula means energy (E) equals mass (m) times the speed of light (c) squared. It is important because it shows the relationship between energy and mass, as well as that energy and matter are interchangeable. This is also the formula to make atomic energy, which is a very good electricity source. At the same time, this formula is also used to make that atomic, energy into atomic bombs ( which isn't really a good thing ).
I think that Albert Einsteins' Theory of Special Relativity is also important because it is about what is relative and what is absolute about space, time and motion. 2 5 childhood experiences How this influenced later achievements At the age of five, Einstein was greatly influenced by a pocket compass his father gave to him. The movement of the needle in the "empty space" left an impression on his mind. In effect, as he grew, he started building models and mechanical devices, showing deep interest in math. By the age of twelve, he had learned Euclidean geometry and studied calculus. After his father’s business failed, his family moved to Pavia. During this time, he wrote his first scientific work, "The Investigation of the State of Aether in Magnetic Fields". Einstein did not even complete his high school and directly applied to ETH, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, in Zürich, Switzerland. He could not get through the entrance exam, though he did very well in math and physics. At the age of 16, Einstein preformed his first famous thought experiment, visualizing traveling beside a beam of light. In 1900, Einstein graduated with a degree in physics. After graduation, he could not find a teaching job and after two years. He was soon employed at the Federal Office for Intellectual Property, the patent office as assistant examiner. While working at the patent office, his four papers were published, known as the Annus Mirabillis Papers At age 26, he was awarded PhD by the University of Zurich. hi Imaginative; At age 16 he preformed a thought experiment of visualized traveling beside a beam of light. Intelligent; He was so intelligent, he discovered E=mc .
The true sign of intelligence is not knowledge but imagination.
- Albert Einstein 2 Independent; He was independent when he made models and mechanical devices, as he did show interest in mathematics. Unique; He is very unique as no one in his time had the same I.Q. as him. How he discovered E=mc. 2 A letter to Albert Einstein Dear Albert Einstein,
your work has been spreading all over the world like wildfire. It has inspired people young and old about science, physics, and mathematics.
Why did you choose physics over music? You would have probably been a genius at that too.
Your work has changed the laws of physics, and has helped the present physicists discover many new things. That is why you are one of my many role-models.
Sincerely,
Jothika S. 5 unknown words Calculus; Calculus is a method of calculating.

Chancellor; A chancellor like a secretary.

Autopsy; An autopsy is the inspection and dissection of a dead body.

Discounted; Discounted is another word for disregarded.

Regime; A regime is government in power. References Wikipedia

iloveindia.com

dictionary.com

Einsteinonline.com

My Parents
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