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Sex Ed, STDs, and Socioeconomics

What is the effect of sexual education on the prevalence of STDs in adolescents of lower economic status versus those of the higher economic status?

Jean Garcia

on 13 May 2010

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Transcript of Sex Ed, STDs, and Socioeconomics

Sex Ed, STDs, and Socioeconomics Camille Silva, Erika Ortiz-Campos, Cariza Ison, Jean Garcia Theoretical Framework:
Health Promotion Model Literature Review Methodology Data Analysis Nursing Practice Quantitative Research
Quasi-Experimental/Pre and Post
Sample Size: 335 Students
Selection Process: Convenience Randomized
4 Private Schools, 4 Public Schools
Adolescents 13-18 Years Old
Pre/Post Questionnaire
received consent FOCUS: multitude of problems and underlying issues significant in the nursing field: teaching, health promotion, prevention of disease; how socioeconomic status effects teaching, which it does in a negative way; lack of overall wellness promotion from lower socioeconomic spectrum

CONTRIBUTION: decrease stereotypes and discrimination, help nurses gain better understanding of patient care needs, allow the provision of more culturally competent care and service to marginalized populations

OUR STATEMENT: Our study will benefit the growth and development of our youth in today’s ever growing society. Although there was sufficient information on this topic, more research opportunities for nurses will arrive to study socioeconomic status and sexual education on the effectiveness on adolescents. TESTS USED: Pearson's R Test
Concepts: individuals characteristic and experiences, behaviors-specific cognitions and affect, and behavior outcomes
Explaining and predicting health promotion component of lifestyle
3 theoretical propositions -
prior behavior and inherited and acquired characteristics influence beliefs, affect, and enactment of health-promotion behavior
perceived barriers can constrain commitment to action, a mediator of behavior as well as actual behavior
families, peers, and health care providers are important sources of interpersonal influence that can increase or decrease commitment to and engagement in health-promotion behavior Research looks at improvement of adolescent sexual behavior as: ·Delaying sexual initiation
·Reducing frequency of sexual activity
·Reducing the number of sexual partners
·Increasing the use of condoms and contraceptives
·Lowering incidence of STDs among teens · The individual
· Family
· Peers
· Romantic Partners
· School
· Community Research states that a variety of factors come into play and should be addressed: Individual Gender. Age. Race/Ethnicity. Attitudes. Activities: Sexual and Extracurricular. Academic Performance. Partners. Perceptions. Family Structure. Income.
Family Prevalence of Negative Behavior. Quality of Relationship. Peers Pressure.
Experiences: Social Emotional.
Similar Interests. School Private vs Public. Population. Abstinence Programs vs Comprehensive Sex and STD/HIV Programs. Community Difficulty Avoiding Negative Consequences. Poverty Rates. Affluent Communities. Pre-Test
Group A- 75%
Group B- 71%
Group A- 55%
Group B- 68% Population Sample References Baumer, E., & South, S. (2001). Community Effects on Youth Sexual Activity. Journal of Marriage & Family, 63(2), 540. Retrieved from SocINDEX with Full Text database.
Brady, S.S., & Halpern-Felsher, B.L. (2008). Social and Emotional Consequences of Refraining from Sexual Activity Among Sexually Experienced and Inexperienced Youths in California. American Journal of Public Health, 98(1), 162-168.
Hardwick, D., & Patychuk, D. (1999). GEOGRAPHIC MAPPING DEMONSTRATES THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SOCIAL INEQUALITY, TEEN BIRTHS AND STDS AMONG YOUTH. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 8(2), 77. Retrieved from Academic Search Elite database.
Kirby, D.B. (2008). The Impact of Abstinence and Comprehensive Sex and STD/HIV Education Programs on Adolescent Sexual Behavior. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 5(3), 18-27.
Manlove, J., Terry-humen, E., Papillo, A., Franzetta, K., Williams, S., & Ryan, S. (2002, May). Preventing Teenage Pregnancy, Childbearing, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases: What the Research Shows. Child Trends Research Brief, p. n. Retrieved from PsycEXTRA database.
Miller, B.C. (2002). Family Influences on Adolescent Sexual and Contraceptive Behavior. Journal of Sex Research, 39(1), 22-26.
Ruiz, J.D., Molitor, F., McFarland, W., Klausner, J., Lemp, G., et al. (2000). Prevalence of HIV infection, sexually transmitted diseases, and hepatitis and related behavior in young women living in low-income neihborhoods of northern california. Western Journal of Medicine, 172(6), 368-373
Santelli, J.S., Lowry, R., Breber, N.D., & Robin, L. (2000). The Association of Sexual Behaviors with Socioeconomic Status, Family Structure, and Race/Ethnicity Among U.S. Adolescents. American Journal of Public Health, 90(10), 1582-1588.
Tanfer, K., Cubbins, L.A., & Billy, J.O.G. (1995). Gender, Race, Class and Self-reported Sexually Transmitted Disease Incidence. Family Planning Perspectives, 27(5), 196-202.
Terry-humen, E., Manlove, J., & Cottingham, S. (2006, June). Trends and Recent Estimates: Sexual Activity Among U.S. Teens. Child Trends Research Brief, pp. 1-8. Retrieved from PsycEXTRA database.
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