Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

The Use of Force by William Carlos Williams

No description
by

Sara Marcelino

on 17 June 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Use of Force by William Carlos Williams

The Use of Force
Overview
Author - William Carlos Williams
(1883-1963)
by William Carlos Williams
• He was an American poet closely associated with modernism and imagism;
• His primary occupation was as a family doctor;
• Williams had a successful literary career as a poet, and he occasionally wrote short stories, plays, novels, essays, and translations;
• He practiced medicine by day and wrote at night;
• The story was first published in 1938
Summary "The use of force"
• The story is narrated in first person by a doctor, who is answering a house visit to see a sick girl.
• Fearing that she may have diphtheria, the doctor decides to check her throat. However, she refuses to open her mouth and the doctor uses force to restrain her and examine her throat with a spoon, which makes the girl very mad.
• The doctor finds that, against her own self-interest, the girl has hidden the symptoms of diphtheria from her parents and the doctor.
Characterization: The doctor
Argument 2: It does not matter if the patient is suffering or not, the doctor continues with the procedure.
Argument 3: He goes beyond reason by holding the child abruptly
Argument 1: The doctor starts giving orders
Argument 1: Parents don't know how to dealing with the situation.
Argument 3: Parents were reckless in leaving the doctor hurt the child.
Argument 2: Parents try to convince the child scaring her.
Thesis Statement:
The doctor decides to be unethical as well as inconvenient and ends up forcing the girl to do the exam.
Arguments:
1. The doctor starts giving orders.
2. It does not matter if the patient is suffering or not, the doctor continues with the procedure.
3. He goes beyond reason by holding the
child abruptly
"Put her in front of you on your lap, I ordered, and hold both her wrists."

"Come on now, hold her, I said."

"Get me a smooth-handled spoon of some sort, I told the mother."
“We’re going through this. The child’s mouth was already bleeding”

"Perhaps I should have desisted and come back in an hour or more"

"I could have torn the child apart in my own
fury"
“In a final unreasoning assault I overpowered the child's neck and jaws. I forced the heavy silver spoon back of her teeth and down her throat till she gagged"
Characterization: Parents
Thesis Statement:
The parents didn't have enough skill to deal with the child and help the doctor.
Arguments:

1. Parents don't know how to dealing with the situation.
2. Parents try to convince the child scaring her.
3. Parents were reckless in leaving the doctor
hurt the child.
Characterization: The child (Mathilda)
Argument 2: The attitude of the child was defensive, scary, aggressive and irritated when talking about her submission to the doctor, because she was afraid of him, thinking he was going to hurt her.
Argument 3: The death of two children influenced her to have this behavior, and she was afraid of having the same sickness of them.
Argument 1: She feels insecure and fairy in the perspective of her submission to her parents because she was afraid they were going to call a doctor.
Thesis Statement:
In William Carlos Williams short story, "The Use of Force", the theme of the child behavior in the perspective of her submission to her parents as fairy and the insecure she feels is developed. Otherwise, it is possible to realize she shows a defensive attitude, scary, aggressive and irritated behavior to the doctor. These things characterizes the way the child is. This added to the death of two children that used to study in the same school of her also influenced her behavior to her parents and doctor. As is known, children are aggressive when they are fair and frustrated, and since they do not know how to express verbally their feelings, they turn to behave this way.
"She says her throat doesn't hurt her."

"Put her in front of you on your lap... And hold both her wrists. (Doctor says) But as soon as he did the child let out a scream. Don't! you're hurting me. Let go of my hands..."

"She had been hiding that sore throat for three days at least and lying to her parents in order to escape just such an outcome as this."

"Tried to get off her father's lap..."
"I could see that they were all very nervous..." Doctor says.

"As it happens we had been having a number of cases of diphtheria in the school to which this child went during that month and we were all, quite apparently, thinking of that, though no one had as yet spoken of the thing."
Setting
Argument 2: The situation could happen in another room if it were warm
Argument 3: The setting does not seems to be a crucial point to determine the upshot of the short story
Argument 1: The author does not emphasize the place
Arguments:
1.
The author does not emphasize the place, he only mention that the situation takes place in the family's kitchen where it is warm.

2.

The situation could happen in another room if it were warm too. (for example: in the living room, if they have a fireplace)

3
. The setting does not seems to be a crucial point to determine the upshot of the short story
The author mentions that they have the child in the kitchen where its warm, we can infer that the short story could happen in any room if it was warm.
We could understand the situation even if the place were not mentioned
"As it happens we had been having a number of cases of diphtheria in the school to which this child went during that month and we were all, quite apparently, thinking of that, though no one had as yet spoken of the thing."

"If you don't do what the doctor says you'll have to go to the hospital, the mother admonished her severely."
"Both the mother and father almost turned themselves inside out in embarrassment and apology. You bad girl, said the mother, taking her and shaking her by one arm. Look what you've done The nice man..."

"For Heaven's sake, I broke in. Don' t call me a nice man to her. I'm here to look at her throat on the chance that she might have diptheria and possibly die of it. But
that's nothing to her. "
"But first I told the parents that it was entirely up to them. I explained the danger but said I would not insist on an examination so long as they would take the responsibility."


"But his dread also that she might have diphtheria made him
tell me to go on, go on though he himself was almost fainting, while the mother moved back and forth behind us raising and lowering her hands in an agony of apprehension."
DEFENSIVE/SCARY

"The child was... Sitting on her father's lap"

"The child was fairly eating me up with her cold, steady eyes, and no expression to her face whatever. She did not move and seemed, inwardly, quiet; an unusually attractive little thing, and as strong as a heifer in appearance. But her face was flushed, she was breathing rapidly..."

"... The little girl's expression didn't change nor did she move her eyes from my face."

"Not a move. Even her expression hadn't changed. Her breaths however were coming faster and faster."

"Her tongue was cut and she was screaming in wild hysterical shrieks."
AGRESSIVE

"As I moved my chair a little nearer suddenly with one catlike movement both her hands clawed instinctively for my eyes and she almost reached them too... She knocked my glasses flying and they fell..."

"... And fly at me while tears of defeat blinded her eyes."
IRRITATED

"Then she shrieked terrifyingly, hysterically."

"When finally I got the wooden spatula behind the last teeth and just the point of it into the mouth cavity, she opened up for an instant but before I could see anything she came down again and gripping the wooden blade between her molars she reduced it to splinters before I could get it out again."
"We have her in the kitchen where it is warm."

This is the only thing that is saying about the place.
Diphtheria
• Infectious disease;

• Causes inflammation and damage in parts of the respiratory tract;

• It causes almost 20% of mortality in children and adults.
• The cost of a medical consultation was $3,00/hour

• During the industrial revolution, the hospitals were known as being dirty, so the medical consultations were done in the patient's home

Curiosities
Thank you! =)
Full transcript