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Ijime in Japan
Transcript of Ijime in Japan
Consideration of legal intervention
Family counseling based on brief strategic family therapy (BSFT)
Psychotherapy of both bullies and victims Suggestions for Further Intervention Ijime in Japan
——When School Becomes
A Nightmare Forms of Ijime/bullying "The nail that stands out
gets pounded down" Personal of Relational Violence Japan as a highly interdependent country • Interdependent culture values
• A highly homogenous society
• Values conformity Three Criteria to Identify Bullying/Ijime
1. The harm is intentional
2. Repetition (e.g.: the victim is targeted for a number of times)
3. Power imbalance Verbal Relational Physical e.g.: hitting, shoving,
kicking e.g.: taunting, teasing,
verbal threat e.g.: isolation,
negligence Ijime is a Japanese term that refers to bullying behaviors
"Continuous physical and psychological aggression inflicted upon someone weaker, which causes serious pain on the victim. It includes aggression that occurs both inside and outside of school"——The Minister of Education Why Choose Japan? Ijime has been identified as a major national issue in Japan because of its relationship to suicide.
Ijime has long been widely prevailed in Japanese schools.
Ijime still remains as a serious social problem in Japan due to great under-reporting and inefficient social intervention What is Ijime? There's NO UNIVERSAL accepted definition of bullying both internationally and within the U.S. Bullying behavior also varies across cultural settings. Ijime in Japan carries specific cultural characteristics.
features of Ijime Ijime usually occurs within the same peer group
Ijime is more known for its purpose of causing mental harm “People talk of “social outcasts.” The words apparently denote the miserable losers of the world, the vicious ones, but I feel as though I have been a “social outcast” from the moment I was born. If ever I meet someone society has designated as an outcast, I invariably feel affection for him, an emotion which carries me away in melting tenderness.” —Osamu Dazai, No Longer Human “We’re glad he killed himself. We wanted him dead” Ijime vs. Bullying What leads to Ijime in Japan?
——Ijime as a multi-dimensional Problem Justification of Relational Violence Justification of Relational Violence School Family Personal Parent-children relationship
Social Economic Status (SES) Homeroom Teacher-student relationship
Trust of school/teachers Age
Bullies, victims, reinforcers, bystanders, assistants, etc. Cultural Institutional:
School & Family Personal "I don't want to be the traitor."
"I just join the others."
"I don't want to be the next one." 65% of middle school children reported that they usually do not interfere when they see a fellow student being bullied. In explaining their reluctance to get involved, 38% said they were afraid of the bully and another 27% said that the bullying incident was none of their business