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The Whiskey Rebellion

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by

Tiffany Toney

on 20 October 2014

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Transcript of The Whiskey Rebellion

Whiskey Tax proven UNPOPULAR
Modified Tax
Whiskey Drinkers
"If this is not an oppressive tax, I am at a loss to describe what it is so."
Farmers say NO!!!
Grain Farmers in the Western Region
Congress Responds
Grain Farmers were not in favor of the whiskey tax. Farmers went to Congress to express their anger towards the tax. Grain Farmers distilled their own whiskey, and it was how they profited to make a living. Placing a tax on Whiskey to them was an insult. Grain farmers saw the Whiskey Tax as more so a loss for them. One farmer complained that the new tax would cause him to only receive one-third of the original quantity, which put him at a loss. The distillers were so angry that they would attack the federal officers when they would attempt to collect the tax. The farmers proved downright unreceptive to the idea.
In 1792 Congress responded to the uproar of the Whiskey Tax. Congress decided to made some modifications to the tax, but the dissatisfaction was very proliferating. Instead of abiding by the tax distillers found ways to get around it, by doing things like underreporting their production. Hamilton never expected that things would go this way, but versus retracting the tax he decided to tighten up the prosecution of those who didn’t abide by the tax.
$1.25
Sunday, October 19, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Pros and Cons
Drinking down debt....
George Washington Gains Control
The Rebellion Grew
In 1791 Alexander Hamilton influenced Congress to pass a 25% excise tax on whiskey that came from the United States. A representative from New Hampshire to me seems to have made a mockery of Hamilton’s new tax idea by stating, “the country would be drinking down the national debt.” As with all ideas to create taxes from previous occasions, this tax angered the citizens. However there were some people like James Madison who hoped that the new tax would promote “sobriety and thereby prevent disease an untimely deaths.” A tax that would maybe promote the being sober, or drinking moderately?
The anger of the tax had become too much. The fact that distillers were choosing to bluntly disregard the tax as they may began to yield strict consequences. In 1794 the rebellious whiskey rebels burned the home of tax collector John Neville. John Neville remained loyal to Hamilton, and even after the group of angry farmers burned him, he refused to quit. Instead Neville filed charges against the 75 farmers and distillers for tax evasion, and his actions sparked the Whiskey Rebellion. By the end of July 1794 a plan that what was thought to be another attack on the despised tax some thought was yet another protest towards the hated tax. George Washington decided was inflexible on letting everyone know that because the laws were passed therefore they must be obeyed. In both Hamilton’s and Washington’s eyes the Whiskey Rebellion was an opportunity to gain civil control.
The Rebellion Times
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