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Transcript of Inuit livelihoods
A case study from Arctic Bay, Canada Characterize the nature of vulnerability to climate-change related conditions in Arctic communities, using a case study of the Inuit community of Arctic Bay, Nunavut, Canada focusing on the important social and economic livelihood of hunting. Who and what are vulnerable? To what stresses does vulnerability exist? In what way does vulnerability manifest itself? What are the determinants of vulnerability and how have they changed over time? What capacity exists to cope with changing risk? Vulnerability Adaptive Capacity Exposure-Sensitivity Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit (IQ) A function of exposure-sensitivity of a community to climate change effects and its adaptive capacity to deal with that exposure. A community’s potential or ability to address, plan for, or adapt to exposure-sensitivity. Reflects the susceptibility of people and communities to conditions that represent risks, including those associated with climate change. Traditional Inuit knowledge and a code of behaviour based on time-honoured values and practices. Past and present conditions
Assess current and future vulnerability 65 semi structured interviews ID the risks and conditions people dealt with
Provide insights into resource use options
ID risk management strategies employed to manage conditions
ID factors that influence ability to manage risks. Interviews complemented with experiential trips; informal meetings with key informants; analysis of secondary sources for historical context. Climate change and harvesting ability
Climate change and harvesting techniques
Climate change and harvesting SAFETY Beyond the biophysical the implications of climate change for human activity and society. How people change their behaviours in response to climate change
How people modify their environment
And take advantage of changing climatic conditions Implications of future change Thin ice Ice break up Weather Waves/Storms decrease sea ice & thickness travel more dangerous reduced stability reduced hunting spaces floe-edge harvest more hazardous wet conditions more hazardous Increases in precipitation and precipitation intensity inland travel more difficult hazardous summer boating increase in weather extremes decreased access to summer hunting areas Conclusions... Variable weather and unpredictability = hazardous hunting activity Inuits have demonstrated adaptability due to
Inuit traditional knowledge (IQ)
Strong social networks
Flexibility •However, social, cultural and economic implications have UNDERMINED the adaptive capacity in response to climate change. tak!