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PRESENT SIMPLE VS PRESENT CONTINUOUS

La siguiente presentación explica como se forman los tiempos verbales presente simple y presente continuo en el idioma inglés. Por favor estudie las normas gramaticales que aqui se enseñan. Observe el video
by

Deisy Zamora

on 17 September 2013

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Transcript of PRESENT SIMPLE VS PRESENT CONTINUOUS

Present Simple
Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative
PRESENT SIMPLE VS PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSES
Use:
Usamos el presente simple para describir:
Rutinas diarias, acciones repetidas, actuales o generales, hábitos:

I
get up
at seven every day
She
goes to the cinema
on Saturdays

Estados permanentes:

I
live
in London

Use:
Usamos el presente continuo para describir:
Acciones que están pasando en el momento en que se esta hablando
I'm playing tennis now
Acciones que ocurren alrededor del momento actual aunque no precisamente ahora:
We are looking for a flat at the moment
She is planning a trip to Canadá
Algunas expresiones de tiempo que utilizamos con el presente continuo son:
now, at the moment, at present
Form:
Affirmative:
El presente simple afirmativo se forma con el sujeto (noun or personal pronoun) que reliza la acción
+
la acción (verb).
En la tercera persona del singular (he, she, it) al verbo se le añade -s or -es (explicación mas adelante)
Negative:
Para negar usamos
DON'T
con todas las personas excepto con la tercera persona del singular:
subject
+
don't
+
verb

I
+
don't
+
play
En la tercera persona del singular (he, she, it) usamos el auxiliar
DOESN'T:
subject
+
doesn't
+
verb
He
+
doesn't
+
play
El verbo NO cambia en tercera persona en oraciones negativas o interrogativas
Interrogative:
En la forma interrogativa simplemente cambiamos el auxiliar (
DO - DOES
) antes del sujeto:
Do
+
subject
+
verb con todas las personas excepto:
Do
+
you
+
like football?
Con la tercera persona del singular, usamos DOES.
Does
+
subject
+
verb
Does
+
he
+
like
+
tennis?

El verbo NO cambia en tercera persona en oraciones negativas o interrogativas
Form:
Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I am playing
You are playing
He is playing
She is playing
It is playing
We are playing
You are playing
They are playing
Verb Spelling
A algunos verbos se les añade
-s
en la tercera persona del singular
You
live
- She
live
s
Los verbos que terminan en
-ss -sh -ch -x
o
-o
se les añade:
-es
I
fish
- he
fish
es
A los verbos que terminan en
consonante + y
les quitamos la
-y
y le añadimos:
-ies
I
Study
- He
stud
ies
Pero:
I
play
- she
play
s
Time Expressions
Las siguientes expresiones de tiempo son las más comunes cuando estamos hablando en presente simple:

every hour/ day/ week/ month/ summer/ year.
every morning/ afternoon/ night.
in the morning/ afternoon/ evening.
usually, always, often, sometimes (frecuencia)
Do I work?
Do you work?
Does
he work?
Does
she work?
Does
it work?
Do we work?
Do you work?
Do they work?
Form:
PRESENT SIMPLE
Short Answers
Yes, I do
Yes, you do
Yes, he
does
Yes, she
does
Yes, it
does
Yes, we do
Yes, you do
Yes, they do
No, I don't
No, you don't
No, he
doesn't
No, she
doesn't
No, it
doesn't
No, we don't
No, you don't
No, they don't
En las respuestas cortas usamos "yes" o "No" más el sujeto y el auxiliar do / does o don't / doesn't
I work
You work
He work
s
She work
s
It work
s
We work
You work
They work
I don't work
You don't work
He
doesn't
works
She
doesn't
works
It
doesn't
works
We don't work
You don't work
They don't work
I do not work
You don't work
He
does not
works
She
does not
works
It
does not
works
We do not work
You do not work
They do not work
Long Form
Short Form
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
Formamos oraciones en presente continuo usando el verbo
to be
, ser o estar y el verbo de acción al cual le añadimos la terminación
-ing
de la siguiente forma:
sujeto
+
to be verb
+
verbo/-ing
I
am
play
ing
She
is
play
ing
I'm not playing
You are not playing
He is not playing
She is not playing
It is not playing
We are not playing
You are not playing
They are not playing
Am I playing?
Are you playing?
Is he playing?
Is she playing?
Is it playing?
Are we playing?
Are you playing?
Are they playing?
Las short answers o respuestas cortas a preguntas en presente continuo las expresamos usando "yes" o "no" mas el sujeto que realiza la acción y el verbo to be en su correcta forma.

No se repite el verbo principal con -ing:
yes/no,
+
sujeto
+
to be verb (not)
Yes,
+
I
+
am
No,
+
you
+
aren't
Yes, I am
Yes, you are
Yes, he is
Yes, she is
Yes, it is
Yes, we are
Yes, you are
Yes, they are
No, I'm not
No, you aren't
No, he isn't
No, she isn't
No, it isn't
No, we aren't
No, you aren't
No, they aren't
Con algunos verbos no se suele utilizar el tiempo continuo, es decir no usan el -ing. En estos casos se emplea el presente simple.
Entre estos encontramos:

Verbos que describen acciones de los sentidos: feel, hear, see, smell, etc

Verbos de sentimiento / emoción: like, love, hate, want, wish, fear, desire, detest, dislike, etc

Verbos de procesos mentales: agree, believe, forget, know, remember, think (=tener una opinion), understand, realize, etc

Verbos de posesión: belong, own, posess, etc
STATIVE VERBS
Deisy Zamora
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