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Transcript of .
His Atlanta-born mother was a church
soloist, and his grandmother, Caroline
Netta Ackerman Kendrick, was a distinguished
By the late 1920s, Eddy was appearing with the Philadelphia Civic Opera Company and had a repertoire of 28 operas
He was a young trumpet player when he joined Joe "King" Oliver and his Creole Band
His talent Rocketed him to stardom in the Jazz world
Famous for his rhythm and ability to improvise he became the most powerful and influential musician in the history of Jazz
Female Blues Singer
One of the most outstanding vocalists of the decade
She recorded on black oriented labels produced by major record Companies
One of the highest-paid black artist of the world during her time
Music's Effect on Society
influenced all aspects of society: politics, fashion, industry, etc.
Exacerbated existing racial tensions
Prompted the "
" (term used to describe a free, young woman who is rebelling against societal norms
of Jazz Music
-Classical (New Orleans)
-Opera (St. Louis)
-big band-style swing (1930s and 1940s)
Big Band Style Swing
Generally reguarded as having occured between the years 1935-1945
Became popular in the 1920's and typically consisted of a 10-piece orchestra
led to rise in popularity of hotel dance bands
they played for ballroom dance crowds and did radio remote broadcasts to earn a living
Ex. Benny Goodman and his band at the Palomar in Los Angeles
-American popular music was the music of WWII
Music From The Swing Era...
Development of Jazz music 1920-1940
Ragtime - It is often referred to as the
founding style of jazz
. It originated in the southern United States during the late 1800's, and was composed primarily for the piano. Ragtime music is characterized by the vibrant and enthusiastic rhythms often associate with African dance.
The Blues – Blues songs are a part of a vocal tradition that expresses the emotions of the African Americans of the early 20th century. Usually blues vocalists sang with the instrumental accompaniment of guitar, piano, and harmonica.
Dixieland – This is also referred to as
or new Orleans Jazz.This style was created in the early 1920s, when the traditions of blues, ragtime, and brass band were integrated into one musical piece. Common instruments in a Dixieland jazz-style group included trumpet-cornet, clarinet, trombone, and occasionally the saxophone.
Bebop – This style of jazz emerged in the 1940s, following the popularity of big band. Bebop was characterized by complex melodies and chord progressions, and was unsuitable for dancing. It also developed a style of singing called “scat,” where nonsense syllables are sung to an improvised melody.
The Jazz singer
For some, the saxophone is the sound of jazz. The unique fusion of brass and woodwind that is the sax found an electrifying vibrato in the hands of jazzmen that truly changed the world.
During the 1920s the saxophone got its recognition. Before it had never been recognized as true instrument until its use in the Jazz Age.
Country Music during the 1920s
Historical Events Contribution to Music
-In 1939 there was also music that celebrated
-Many people were singing about WWII even before the war began
-ex:“Let Them Keep It Over There” and “Rockabye My Baby, There Ain’t Gonna Be No War”
-In a more sentimental vein, the fall of
in 1940 brought us “The Last Time I Saw Paris.”
-The songwriters were ready and waiting when the war finally arrived on December 7, 1941, and “Remember Pearl Harbor,” “Goodbye Mama I’m Off to Yokohama,” and “We Did It Before and We Can Do It Again” were recorded only days after the attack.
-The military services had their traditional songs (“Anchors Aweigh,” “The Marine’s Hymn,” and “The Caissons Go Rolling Along”) but the Army Air Corps did not have any. That problem was solved in 1939 with the song whose opening lines became familiar to the whole country: “Off We Go into the Wild Blue Yonder.” The final stanza contained the phrase “off with one helluva roar,” which was thought to be too offensive for the 1940s sensibilities, and the word “ter-ri-ble” was substituted for radio use.
-“God Bless America" was originally composed by
in 1918 for an all-soldier show, was not used and was, in the show-business term, “put in the trunk.” It was resurrected in 1939 at the request of Kate Smith, and her recording remained the standard version for many years.
Popular Jazz Instruments
This style of music was the first Jazz
It includes the Cornet, Clarinet, and Trombone instruments.
Some may think this music was first started in New Orleans, but it actually first recorded from Los Angeles, Chicago, Richmond, and Virginia. The term "New Orleans Style" is also used to represent the many African Americans who left their native New Orleans and performed in
Distinctive features include:
Novel vocal & instrumental sounds
Unbridled spirit that seemingly mocks social and musical properties
New Orleans Style Famous Music
"When the Saints come Marching in" by Louis Armstrong
In the 1920s and 1930s, African American musicians in the
City area developed their own style of jazz that pulled heavily from the blues music tradition as well as ragtime.
Modern sounds characterized by soulful & bluely stylings, highly energetic solos
Ex. Big Band, small ensemble Swing
"New Orleans Blues" by Jelly Roll Morton
Audiences typically were in "speakeasys"
-Henry Ford, the auto maker, put more money into promoting country music in the 1920s than anyone else.
-Jimmie Rodgers, known as the "
Father of Country Music,"
was an instant national success. He is credited with the first million-selling single, “
Blue Yodel #
1,” and his catalog of songs, all recorded between
established him as the first preeminent voice in country music.
-In the mid-1920s the five elements that together made commercial country music possible: radio, record making, live touring,
, and song publishing, all came together in Atlanta.
-This style music originated from the mass African American
towards the north in the 1900s.
Many went to Memphis and St. Louis, taking inspiration from these cities, and making wonderful types of music like blues, gospel, and country music.
-Not only this, but it in fact is the origin for early rock n roll music.
started embracing blues music and thus was the launch of
, in which several blues artists came and performed. Both blacks and whites showcased their music here.
Mamie Smith is one
of the most famous woman singers
Mamie Smith is one of the most famous woman singers of blues. She's arguably the first artist to record a blues song. "
" recorded in New York is one of her biggest hits.
Memphis Minnie is another influential female blues singer who left an enormous impact with her popular song "Bumble Bee" in 1929. She was discovered on the famous Beale Stret.
Radio's Affect on Music
With the new advent of the radio, both black and whites could hear their favorite Gospel, Blues, Jazz, and Country music.
It helped make the artists and bands popular all across America rather than only known in the region they played/lived.
Memphis WDIA was the first radio station, which played Black music. It started in 1949, had an on air staff, black format, and was owned by whites.
Bale street also used the radio as several stars performed.
-St. Louis was a major center for
. Because of this many people were introduced to blues and jazz music.
-St. Louis is the link among New Orleans, the Mississippi Delta, and Chicago. Music of all kinds, blending together, became the sound of St. Louis – jazz, blues, ragtime, gospel, etc. The city continues to be a focal point of any musician’s study of the beginnings of jazz. It is essential and extremely important in the history of this uniquely American creation.
-Many songs discussed the hardships and truths of life.
Artists like Chuck Berry, Albert King, Ike Turner and his wife Annie Mae Bullock (later known as Tina Turner) were very popular St. Louis artists.
Edward Kennedy Ellington
Commonly Known As "Duke" Ellington
He was one of the greatest
of 20th Century
Self taught musician
Popularized "Scat"- improvised Jazz singing using
instead of words
Dresses for women typically had fringes or geometric shapes on them with shiny fabric that would reflect as they were dancing
Origins of Jazz Music
-In 1927, Ralph Peer of Victor Records decided to try something different. He went to Bristol, Tennessee, to record local musicians. There he recorded with Jimmie Rodgers.
Historical Contributions (Continued...)
years ago Jazz was born in New Orleans.
-The roots come from Africans and
that settled and migrated around America.
-Jazz got its "rhythm and feel" from African American culture.
-The music is very expressive and was a way to
of life during that time.
actual recordings of jazz started.
-Lastly, jazz developed as a mixture of:
Spiritual and field hollers of the plantation slave workers, the beat of ragtime syncopation,the driving marches and sounds of brass bands blues, and their growl