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Incidental Learning and Intentional Learning
Transcript of Incidental Learning and Intentional Learning
Intentional learning is choosing to learn something and choosing how to learn it with the purpose of putting it to the test later on.
Learning without the intention of learning and and it occurs in day to day situations.
Online and computer programs; such as Rosetta Stone.
Learning how to walk
According to the book, Hyde & Jenkins performed an experiment in 1969 to understand better these two learning processes. The experiment consisted of two groups that were presented with a list of 24 words, the first group was asked to learn and memorize the words and they knew that they would be asked to repeat the words later on, this is called intentional learning. The other group didnt know that they would have to recall the words after hearing them, this is incidental learning, the incidental learning group was divided into three sub-groups, one of these groups was asked to remember for each word whether it contained the letter "e" or not, another group was asked to count how many letters each word contained, and the last group was asked to think about each word and consider how pleasant it is.
The results for this experiment shows that there was a low recollection of the words for the groups asking for the letter "e" and count the letters but the how pleasant group and the intentional learning group remembered the same number of words. This shows that there is very little difference in learning with an intention to learn than learning without the intention to learn,
- Intentional learning is better for long-term recall than incidental learning.
- Intentional learning groups remember more specific and variable things than incidental learning groups.
- In various experiments conducted, the intentional learning groups always performed a little better than the incidental learning groups.