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Logotherapy Viktor Frankl Presentation

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Honori Yamada

on 15 May 2011

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Transcript of Logotherapy Viktor Frankl Presentation

Viktor Emil Frankl Born: March 16, 1905 in Vienna 1925= Inspired by, Alfred Adler, introduced Logotherapy 1942: After marriage, family and wife sent to concentration camp and later killed 1945: Liberation 1947: Remarried to Eleonore Schwindt 1959: Published “Man’s Search For Meaning” Death: September 2, 1997 of heart failure What Is Logotherapy? Logos means “meaning” (Greek) “Focuses on the meaning of human
Existence and on man’s search for meaning in life” (121) “To live is to suffer,
to survive is to find meaning in the suffering” (11) Meaning of Life in 3 Ways Meaning through creative values - through the value of all that we create, achieve and accomplish (1) (2) (3) Meaning through experiential values - through what we experience Meaning through attitudinal values – through changing attitudes even in apparently meaningless situations. (1) Importance of Love Reached epiphany of Love “The salvation of man is through love and in love” (57) he was an... EXISTENTIALIST! “Set me like a seal upon thy heart, love is as strong as death.” (58) “The truth –that love is the ultimate and the highest goal to which man can aspire”(57) He knew he loved his wife, either dead or alive Relating Importance of Love to Additudinal Values... internally STRONGER story from the book on page:135. Once, an elderly general practitioner consulted me because of his severe depression. He could not overcome the loss of his wife who had died two years before and whom he had loved above all else. …I refrained from telling him anything but instead confronted him with the question, “What would have happened, Doctor, if you had died first, and your wife would have had to survive you?” “Oh,” he said, “for her this would have been terrible; how she would have suffer!” Whereupon I replied, “You see, Doctor, such a suffering had been spared her, and it was you who have spared her this suffering –to be sure, at the price that now you have to survive and mourn her.” He said no word but shook my hand and calmly left my office.”

- Page:135 V.F able to change ATTITUDE towards how he sees meaning in suffering. he SPARED his wife (2) Meaning Through Suffering changed suffering into human achievement change your attitude to change your faith. “Life has meaning under all circumstances, even the most miserable ones.” (16) Suffering taught Frankl... Importance of Love Have Hope Past spoiled life Hope (1886)
- G.F WATTS “Every human have the capacity to change personal inner tragedy into triumph” (135) human life is not complete without suffering Night in Saint Cloud (1890)
- EDVARD MUNCH (3) Freedom of “Will to Meaning” mind freedom of: thoughts imagination dignity “no one can change one’s dignity and thoughts” (99) “These tasks, and therefore the meaning of life, differs from man to man, and from moment to moment” (98) existentialism freedom of choice, leads to a unique life I think, therefore, I am.
--Rene Descartes “A human being is absolutely free and absolutely responsible. Anguish is the result.”
--Jean-Paul Sartre "I am my own existence. Nothing structures my world." "My emotions are yet another choice I make.
I am responsible for them." I will be what I choose to be…” “An unexamined life is not worth living” --Socrates, in Plato, Dialogues, Apology
Greek philosopher in Athens (469 BC - 399 BC) Plato’s Allegory of the Cave How do Man's Search For Meaning and Plato’s Allegory of the Cave relate? Need to take risks to find meaning Man Search For Meaning:
Through Frankl’s concept of “Will to Meaning” Allegory of the Cave:
Through Plato’s concept of braking the chains Relativity
--M.C Escher Logo
therapy By: Honori Yamada The End
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