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The Komagata Maru Incident
Transcript of The Komagata Maru Incident
Clause 15 equality rights- There was much racism when this occurred because many people were afraid their jobs would be threatened.
The Komagata Maru Incident
By: Ola, Hayley, Charmae, Vanessa and Tyrae
Consequences of the Rights of the people
The Komagata Maru decided to stay at the docks until they were allowed entry, as the passengers did not want to go back to their country.
They stayed at the docks of Vancouver for two months. During those two months; passengers were denied food and water.
It arrived May 23rd 1914, but was forced to leave July.
On July 23rd, The Canadian Government sent two ships, which included the HMCS
had set its guns on the Komagata Maru to threaten it. It ended up with the HMCS
escorting the ship out of Canadian grounds.
Charter of Rights: What rights would it protect?
This incident had violated many rights of the immigrants that had arrived at Vancouver, but if this situation were to occur today, the Charter would have protected the following rights:
When 19 people were killed during the gunfire in Baj Baj it violated:
: Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person and the right not to be deprived thereof except in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice."
The right: "
Everyone has the right not to be arbitrarily detained or imprisoned" was also violated when the British gunboat had stopped the Komagata Maru and held its passengers as prisoners.
: Everyone has the right not to be subjected to any cruel or unusual treatment or punishment" is another right that was violated due to the fact that the immigrants were denied food and water.
Komagata Maru: Arrival
A British gun boat stopped the ship and held the passengers as prisoners.
Another consequence resulted in 19 immigrants killed during a gunfire in Baj Baj. During this incident many people that were boarded on the boat, resisted the arrest, which lead them to imprisonment of some passengers in their village during the event of World War 1.
During this time while the immigrants were near the Vancouver harbor, they received some unfriendly visitors, known as a local mob who tried to expel them from the harbor, the passengers on board decided to strike back by throwing large amounts of bricks, which lead injury to the local mob.
The immigrants were heavily discriminated for their race and nationality which violated:
: Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, religion, gender, age or mental or physical disability"
The SS. Komagata Maru departed from Hong Kong April 4th 1914. Carrying 376 indian passengers: 12 Hindu, 24 Muslim and 340 Sikh immigrants, who wanted to make a new life in Canada. In order to come to B.C, the immigrants had to at least have $200 on themselves.
The Komagata Maru arrived in Vancouver and anchored in Burrard Inlet in 1914, but unfortunately, there was conflict as the Canadian Government refused to let them enter Vancouver, because many white residents felt their jobs were threatened since they believed that the growing number of Indians would take over their jobs .
The Sikh community in British Columbia lost faith in Canada's laws and constitution. They were so dazed by the event that many traveled back to India to help overthrow British rule.
Many others went to stay in the United States in belief that the US had better social and economic conditions. This caused a decrease of Sikh population in B.C, it was documented that in 1918 they only had 700 people of Sikh decent, compared to the population in 1908, (5000). This was a new low for B.C.
On September 6th, 1914 the ship, with the immigrants being on board for a solid four months, approached Calcutta (Now known as Kolkata).
Before they could arrive, a British gunboat stopped the ship and held the passengers as prisoners. They were then taken to Baj Baj, a Calcutta suburb, and told the immigrants that they were to be sent to Punjab on a train.
Many of the Indians did not want to go to Punjab because they had business to attend to in Calcutta.
The British officials refused this request and once again repeated that all the passengers would be put on the train in Punjab.
The immigrants rebelled and began to march toward Calcutta. They were forced back to Baj Baj and were ordered to board the ship again but they refused. Thats when the gunfire broke out and 19 passengers were killed and another nine were wounded.