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Mustangs

Overview of the Species
by

K B

on 14 April 2010

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Transcript of Mustangs

Mustangs History "The fact remains that the horse had been extinct in the Western Hemisphere for 8,000 years when Columbus discovered America, and all of our wild horses today are descendents of imported domestic stock that have once agian reverted to their natural state" (Ryden 21). "When the first settlers arrived in the Pryors in the 1890's, they found horses with odd colors and markings- mouse-grays and duns with zebra stripes on their legs and black lines across their spine" (Bama). "The Andalus mustang became a breed first in the West Indes, from North African Barb and Spanish Arabian horses" (Ryden 26). "The fresh blend of Barb and Arabian was successful, though occasionally traits of one breed or the other separated, producing foals that strongly reflected either a predominantly Arabian or Barb background" (Ryden 26). "The Spanish mustang tends to 'absorb' or 'mask' the characteristics of other breeds" (Ryden 29). In North America, horses had become extinct around the time the wooly mammoth and saber-toothed tiger did, but in the 1500's, Spanish explorers came to America and re-introduced the Mustang (Dines 16) "The first horses in 8,000 years to set their hooves on the mainland of the NOrth American continent were brought from Spanish breeding stock in the West Indes by Cortes" (Ryden 41) The American Mustang Association and the Spanish Mustang Association have both made attempts for years to capture wild mustangs, breed and improve them, and thus, repopulate them (Dines 38) Significant Change Impact/Future "Today, though only a few hundred pure-blooded descendants of those 16th century animals ridden by the Conquistadors have been salvaged from the wild and are in captivity in America, the blood of these rare horses still flows in the veins of wild horses in scattered bands throughout the west" (Ryden 27). Many horse herds in the west are growning at a rapid rate, and "even taking over." "Mass adoptions and relocations have failed," because of farmers' persistence to sell them to meat plants, since the herds and livestock compete for resources (Bama). "Horse lovers have fought to preserve and expand the herds, whose blood lines trace back, at least partly, to the animals brought by the conquistadors in the 16th century."However, farmers want the wild herds abolishhed because of the competition for water between cattle and the herds, due to a scarcity of resouces" (Barringer). Many horses and burros have been adopted or sent to ranges to be cared for (Barringer). Barringer, Felicity. "New Provision Would Allow Slaughtering of Wild Horses." New Provision Would Allow Slaughtering of Wild Horses. 25 Nov. 2004. Gale Student Resource Center Gold. Web. 11 Jan. 2010. <http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T004&prodId=SRC-1&docId=A125280850&source=gale&srcprod=SRCG&userGroupName=bel82055&version=1.0>.

Dines, Lisa. The American Mustang Guidebook. Minocqua: Willow Creek, 2001. Print.

Ryden, Hope. America's Last Wild Horses. Guilford: Lyons, 1999. Print.

Bama, Lynne. "Wild Horses: Do They Belong in the West?." High Country News 02 Mar 1998: 1+. SIRS Researcher. Web. 14 January 2010.
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By: Karlie Barbato
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