Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Piliavin Subway Samaritan

No description
by

amie smith

on 20 September 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Piliavin Subway Samaritan

Piliavin, Rodin & Piliavin
Background
Altruism - An act which benefits others but not the person performing it.
Piliavin, Rodin & Piliavin
Independent Variables
Type of Victim (drunk/cane)
Does it exist?
Crime Scene
Murderer
Victim
Murder of Kitty Genovese
Stabbed to death
Died March 13 1964
38 witnesses
What factors would influence you helping a stranger?
1. Notice the event
2. Nature of the potential helper
3. Cost of helping - social exchange theory
4. Nature of the victim
5. Nature of the situation
Latane & Darely (1968)
Lab experiment
smoke through vents
Alone = 75% reported smoke with 6mins
Group of 3 = 62% didn't report smoke
suggests that
people can mislead each other
into thinking it is not an emergency
Latane & Darley
Lab experiment
Epileptic fit
Alone = 85% within 60s
1 other = 62% within 60s
4 others = 31% within 60s
If others are present at the scene
then we are less likely to help.
Diffusion of Responsibility
Pluralistic Ignorance
PIuralistic Ignorance & Diffusion of Responsibility both suggest that the presence of others inhibit helping behaviour.
Most research on helping behaviour has been conducted in labs. Piliavin wanted to investigate diffusion of responsibility in real life conditions. He also wanted to see whether models influence helping behaviour, buliding on Bryan & Test
Aim
To investigate the effect of type and race of victim, on the speed and frequency of the helping response.

Method
Field experiment - Participant observation
NY subway train
Location
between
59th
Street
&
7.5 mins train journey
11am to 3pm
Procedure
16 Columbia general studies students
Divided into 4 teams
2 males & 2 females in each team
Males = 1 victim & 1 model
Females = observers x2
Victims = Cane (ill) victim was carrying a black cane, grabbed his chest and fell to the floor. Drunk victim was holding a brown bag and reeked of booze (one victim was black)
Instructions
collaspe after 70 secs -
If no one helped - model would intervene
once the train had stopped.
observers recorded behaviour
Race of the victim (black or white)
Model conditions
Critical area early (70ses)
Critical area late (150secs)
Adjacent area early (70secs)
Adjacent area late (150secs)
No model condition
Number of people on the train (Naturally occurring)
Dependent Variables
Number of helpers
Race of helpers
Movement made out of critical area
Verbal comments made
45% black
55% white
Av. no. in carriage 43
Av. in critical 8
Results
90% of the first helpers were males
Cane victim received more help more quickly
100% helped cane victim
Cane victim received spontaneous help 95% of the time i.e. help before 70secs
81% help for drunk victim
Drunk received spontaneous help 50% of the time
Cane victim therefore received more help
Cane victim helped the quickest
Mean times for help
Cane = 5secs
Drunk = 109secs
Men more likely to help
"it is for men to help"
"i wish i could help, but I'm not strong enough"
Important
the more people present the more likely people where to help
no evidence of diffusion of responsibility
The "Arousal: Cost - Reward" Model
1. Emergency situation creates an emotional sense of arousal
2. Can be interpreted as fear, sympathy,etc
3. Arousal is heightened by
- Empathy with victim
- proximity to victim
- Length of time
4. Arousal reduced by
- Helping
- Getting help
- Leaving
- Rationalising why you can't help

5. Action is determined by a cost-reward matrix
Speed of helpers
Sex of helpers
Over 200 trials were carried out
across the whole study. There were
more cane trials compared to drunk as some of the victims 'didn't
like playing drunk!'
There was a slight tendency for same race helping, especially in the drunk condition
Evaluation of Piliavin
Draw a spider map of the strengths and weaknesses
of Piliavin. Evaluate the following:
Data, Reliability, Sample, Validity, Ethnocentrism and
Ethics

Important questions
1. How does Piliavin relate to the social approach?
2. How does Piliavin relate to its key theme of
'Responses to people in need'?
3. What is the new conclusion/understanding of
behaviour as highlighted by Piliavin?
4. How does Piliavin change our understanding of
individual behaviour and social diversity?
Bryan and Test (1967)
They showed that individuals are more likely to be good Samaritans if they have just observed another individual performing a helpful act.
Av. over 4500 traveled
Individual diversity: It means understanding that each individual is unique, and recognizing our individual differences. These can be along. the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies.

Cultural diversity: the cultural variety and cultural differences that exist in the world, a society, or an institution.

Social diversity: understanding that there are different types of people in a community. It is used to describe the uniqueness and individuality of the society. For example Western society compared to Eastern society.
Full transcript