Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Ancient Rome

No description
by

Sharon Low

on 3 March 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome
Romulus and Remus
Twin boys were cared for by a she-wolf, after being thrown in the Tiber River in a basket.
Legend of Romulus and
Remus
When Romulus a
nd Remus grew
up, they wanted to build a city. They could not agree, so they each built their own city. Remus made fun of Romulus' city wall. They fought, and Romulus killed Remus.
Indus Valley Civilization (c. 3000–1500 BC, Mature period 2600–1900 BC)
weights and measures, evident by the excavations
Calibration was also found in measuring devices along with multiple subdivisions in case of some devices.
Romulus calls his city Rome, and
beomes the first king of Rome.
Etruscans
The Etruscans were Italy's first highly civilized group of people. What proved this?
They were "People of the Sea" or pirates.
They were great merchants.
They had a strong army, and a weapon like no other: heavy shoes that gave them better footing during battles.
They had a strong social order.
They made several contributions to the Romans.
Social
There were two social classes: the Patricians and the Plebeians.
The
Patricians
were the most prosperous families of Rome.
Roman Republic
Roman Battles
The

Rom
an army was

divided
into

units called

legions
.

Soldiers

were
called,
legionaries.
During Punic War I, the Romans developed the "
corvus
" as a tool to allow the Roman soldiers to board the Carthaginian warships and battle them on their ships.
Latifundias
, or giant estates replaced the smaller farms. Many goods were imported from conquered lands.
General Hannibal Barca led Carthage
into Italy, by crossing the Alps on
elephants. He used many different tactics
through-out the war.
The Roman general, Scipio attacked Carthage, forcing Hannibal to return to Carthage to defend it. Hannibal committed suicide instead of facing defeat at the hands of the Romans.
Rome destroyed Carthage, burning it to the ground and poured salt on their fields during Punic War III.
Rome grew, expanding it's territories and became the leading power of the Mediterranean Sea. This brought economic and political changes to Rome.
Roman
leadership
Roman
Empire
Augustus brought many reforms to Rome.
He reformed the government, and brought peace,
called
Pax Romana,
which lasted 200 years.
Augustus made changes:
Governed existing territory
Didn't expand territory
Ordered a census
Made Rome more beautiful
Improved police and fire forces
Encouraged learning
Daily Life
Life was difficult for most Romans at the beginning of the Empire. There was too little housing, air pollution, unemployment, high taxes, and crime.
Housing:
Most Romans lived i
n apartments.
called "islands." The
rich Romans lived
in homes, called "do
mus" with marbled
walls, central heat, a
nd running water.
LEISURE:
Romans enjoyed various
leisurely activities: public
games, exercises, gladiator
games, chariot races, lectures,
and musicals.
Roman Ceremonies The Roman people were deeply rooted in tradition and custom. Ceremonies such as those listed below would have meant an enormous amount to a Roman family. Far more important to the Romans than the day of birth of a child, the dies lustricus, they day when the baby was to be named, was a joyous occasion. The custom of handing down names to children was of great importance to Romans and their families.
Fall of the
Empire

Three Reasons for the Fall:
Political:
There was no rule as to who would inherit the throne when an emperor died.
-
Diocletian
divided the empire into two: west and east, which drifted apart.
-
Praetorian guard
s would kill the emperors. 20 emperors in 75 years.
-Invasions: Germanic tribes, and Persian tribes invaded. Germanic tribes were hired to protect Rome, but they didn't care.
-Civil wars





Constantine I became emperor, and gave religious freedom to all people.
As a Christian emperor, he made Christianity legal, and did much to help Christianity grow.


The Roman Empire helped Christianity spread in various ways:
Pax Romana made travel safe for Christian missionaries.
Roman roads made travel quick.
Language: many spoke either Latin or Greek, making it easier
to speak with people about Jesus Christ.
The
End.
FAMILY:
Family was very important to the Romans. The father was the head of the household. Cousins were expected to help each other.
They were the only ones who could hold public office.
Arches
Gladiatorial games
Fasces- symbol of authority
The dictator Musselini used
this as the symbol of his Facist party.
The Forum was built in a swampy area
the Etruscans had drained out.
Triumph
Parade to welcome Roman heroes returning home from battle.
writetojoncook.me/tag/roman-senate
sacred-destinations.com/syria/palmyra-pictures/slides/arches-cc-a-travers
withmeagrepowers.wordpress.com/tag/judaizers
First Temple at Capitoline
Sewer system
Religious beliefs
such as:
many gods,
soothsayers, omens
and the mundus.
The
Plebeians
were the working class, poorer
citizens who paid taxes and served in the army.
In 509 BC, the Romans set up a
Republic
, "a government belonging to the people."
Two
Consuls
were elected by the Senate, which was made up of Patricians. The Consuls were in office for one year. They had the power to veto each other.
The
Senate
's role was to give advice to the Consuls.
There were 300 to 600 members in the Senate. They were members for life.
This came from an
Etruscan funeral custom.
Alphabet
Contributions
Veto
means "I forbid"
The

Tribune
, the leaders of the Plebeians' governing body, the
Assembly
, could veto as well.
The Assembly demanded the
Senate write down the Roman laws.
These were written down on the Twelve
Tablets.
The Punic Wars were a
series of 3
wars
between
Rome
and
Carthage.
Another result was the influx from
the farms to the cities, where living
conditions became terrible.
Another result was the decline in the
Roman Republic. Government officials were
more concerned with becoming rich instead
of governing.
Rome had many different popular leaders, some who were reformers, others were generals.
Julius Caesar served on the first
Triumvate

or group of three people, with equal power.
Pompey, another member of the triumvate was
jealous of Caesar's power but had different

views of how Rome should be ruled. Pompey favored the Republic. They fought for power, and Pompey was killed.
Julius Caesar declared himself dictator for life. Although he brought about many reforms for Rome,
the Senate feared that he planned to declare
himself king. His friend, Brutus and other members of the Senate murdered Caesar on March 15th.

Octavian gave himself the title of "Augustus" or "revered one." He became Rome's first emperor, or sole ruler in 31 BC. His policies though led to 200 years of peace.
Augustus strengthened his power in two ways:
Army pledged their allegiance to him.
Built up his imperial household by choosing people for their talent instead of their birth.
God used Augustus' order for a census
as a means to fulfill the prophecy of
Bethlehem being the birthplace of the
Messiah.
EDUCATION;Children went to
school together.
At age 15, boys went to
rhetoric school, and
girls received private
lessons.
CLOTHING
& HAIR STYLES:

The very e
arly Romans

wore a toga.
Ancient Rome went through three phases:
Roman City
Roman Republic
Roman Empire
Christianity is based on the teachings of Jesus Christ.
He taught that:
God created all people and loves them as a father loves his children.
People should love God and one another.
If they trust in God, they would be saved.
Rome and Christianity
Jesus is the
Messiah
, who was born to save us from our sin. The Jews believed he came to save them from Romans. This worried some of the Jewish leaders and the Romans. Jesus was crucified (for our sins.)
After his death, and resurrection, Jesus' disciples began spreading the
gospel
, the Good News
o f Jesus' teaching. Paul, became a missionary, spreading the gospel to the

gentiles,
or non-Jews through-out the Roman world.
mrdowling.com/702-augustus
Resources: Human Heritage, Glencoe 2004.
schoolworkhelper.net/roman-society-patricians-merchants-artisans-slaves
schoolworkhelper.net/roman-society-patricians-merchants-artisans-slaves
smithlifescience.com/13-1_founding_of_rome
http://kids.britannica.com/eb/art-89866/The-fasces-of-ancient-Rome-consisted-of-a-bundle-of
getasword.com/blog/515-phoenicia-history-hannibal-punic-wars
npr.org/blogs/krulwich/2011/02/04/133440816/tools-never-die-yes-they-do
bible-history.com/archaeology/rome/julius-caesar-bus
vroma.org/~hwalker/VRomaCatullus/Pompey
mmdtkw.org/ALRIAncRomUnit1Slides
welcometohosanna.com/PAULS_MISSIONARY_JOURNEYS/4voyage_7 apaartments
welcometohosanna.com/PAULS_MISSIONARY_JOURNEYS/4voyage_7 apaartments
buzzle.com/articles/roman-coliseum-facts
pillars.net/picture/pauls-missionary-journeys
delparson.com/gallery_pages/christs_love
To keep the poor from revolting, and to gain
their vote, rulers gave the poor food and entertainment, which is called Bread and Circuses.
Economic
: Small businesses suffered when Rome began using slaves to supply goods and services.
-Army and invaders disrupted trade
-People had less money to spend
- Government produced more coins but didn't have enough gold or silver so the coins had less value. People began
bartering
.
-Military over-spending.
Social
:
- Christianity changed people's lives, and they
were not as interested in defending Rome.
- People didn't care about their country, only "
bread and circuses
" and living it up.
-people weren't interested in education
-most people were slaves
-migration of many people into Rome.
Full transcript