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Britain as an External Cause of Confederation.

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julia h

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of Britain as an External Cause of Confederation.

Repeal of the Corn laws
The Corn Laws was a series of taxes placed on foreign grain coming into Britian.
Railroads
The railroads were a great boost in the transportation of goods, food, and people between Toronto and Montreal. In 1852 British investors decided to build the largest railroad in Canada at the time know as the Grand Trunk Railways. Shortly after they started building the railroad they ran out of money. The government stepped in and saved the railroad from going bankrupt.
Defence
In 1862, the government tried to pass a bill a militia of 50,000 men. They made a militia in case the United States tried to attack.
The United States as an External Cause of Confederation
Canada and the United States have always had some sort of connection. After all we do share the same continent.
Britain as an External Cause of Confederation.
Grade 8 History Research Project 1860-1890
British North America's
Relationship with Britian
This relationship involved mixed feelings. Some people felt pride while others felt a desire to have control over their future.
The Corn laws had a great impact on the economics of British North America
Farmers raise prices of grains because they now had to pay for import tax
Farmers now got more profit which they kept.
Company owners had to pay their workers more money so they could support their family.
Workers still could hardly afford to buy grains to feed their families
Corn=British wheats and oats
The American Civil War
British Neutrality
The Invasion of St.Albans
The Fenian Threat
Reciprocity Ends
Manifest Destiny
Political Deadlock as an Internal Cause of Confederation
The American Civil War happened because 11 southern states were going to separate themselves from the United States.They were going to make slavery illegal which was what the southern states economy was based on. The Northern states declared war to stop the south from separating.

This is what convinced the British North Americans that they needed to make their own union so they could protect themselves.
The south wanted France and Britain's support in their separation of the United states. In 1861, France and Britain declared their neutrality of the war. Because of this the south stopped shipping cotton to the british which was what their economy was based on. Britain started smuggling cotton out of the south but they found out and got mad. British North America got scared that the south was going to attack them because of the actions of the British.
Tension reached a new high when some United states Confederate soldiers used Montreal to invade the boarding town St.Albans, Vermont.

Union States were very angry that Canada did not punish the invaders. Because of this the United States threatened to take over British North America. After this threat, many colonist wanted confederation so that they could fight against the United States in a huge group instead of separate colonies.
In 1865 after the Civil War had ended the United States still threatened to take over British North America.
The threats were mostly coming from Fenians
In 1866 Fenians tried to get Ireland independence from Britain.
They then tried but didn't succeed to attack New Brunswick so they could have land for the Irish.
After this attack British North America new they were in danger of the Americans
Fenain= Civil War veterans
The British North Americans had a trading treaty with the United States. America no longer wanted to be involved with this trade because they didn't get any taxes which they depended on to make profit.
In 1866, the treaty was called off. Now the British North Americans needed to find new trading partners so they can sell their corns.
Manifest destiny=belief among many Americans that their country had a God-given right to control the North American Continent
In 1845, many Americans thought it was their God-given destiny to take over British North America. They wanted to annex both (today; Mexico and Canada)

British North Americans thought they had a destiny themselves to make it a independent confederation.
Work Cited
All information was found in my "Their Story's Our History" Grade 8 textbook.
Images:
http://fc08.deviantart.net/fs48/f/2009/213/5/2/North_America_Flag_Map_by_lg_studio.png
http://www.historyonthenet.com/American_West/images/manifestdestinylarge.jpg
http://www.geni.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/american-civil-war.jpg
http://www.canadahistoryproject.ca/images/images-1850/corn-1.png
http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/023001/f1/xxregelora-v3.jpg
http://media.smithsonianmag.com/images/Civil-War-Lexington-MO-631.jpg
http://emergingcivilwardotcom.files.wordpress.com/2012/02/cotton-fortifications.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c2/Battle_of_Ridgeway.jpg
http://www.immigrationinvestor.ca/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/Smart-Boarders-300x170.jpg
http://erikbrewer.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/crime-but-no-punishment.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0a/Fathers_of_Confederation_LAC_c001855.jpg

The Great Coalition
Political Deadlock= A situation in which opposing political parties prevent a government's action
Canada was a united province but Canada West and Canada East had different concerns and priorities
Many political parties started.
These parties all had different opinions
The Province of Canada now faced a political deadlock
Canada now had a responsible government which was made up of the party that had the most seats in the assembly
But the government then had to resign and from 1848-1867, ten different governments ran the Province of Canada
To solve this standstill of the government, George Brown proposed a solution. Their would be a central government which would govern the whole country and then there would be local governments that would help with local issues. This was the start of the coalition government.

Coalition government= alliance between political parties to form a majority in the House of Commons
George Brown
Political Parties in a assembly
The United States is represented by the women leading settlers to their Manifest Destiny
America and Canada as trading partners
Irish and The United States Fighting
Low supply of Cotton in Britain
North and South America At war with each other
Canada's Militia
North America
Building of the Grand Trunk Railroad
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