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# Analysis 101

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by

## Tanya Perkins

on 13 February 2013

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#### Transcript of Analysis 101

Analysis 101 The Thing in all its Parts Analysis means to examine
the parts of something in order
to better understand the whole. As Hacker (2012) says: "Whereas a summary...answers
the question of WHAT a text says, an analysis looks
at HOW a text makes its point" (p. 77). This might sounds complicated, but chances
are, you analyze stuff every day. You do it
without even realizing it. For example... You're walking home
and notice a stray dog
following you Because you're nervous of dogs,
you automatically start noticing
details, like The dog is wearing a polka dot scarf Plus, the dog has a leash. AND, the dog is wagging its tail. In order to understand what the presence of the dog
means (whether you should be afraid or not), you have
ANALYZED three parts (details) of the whole (dog):
1. The scarf (meaning: cute)
2. The leash (meaning: someone's pet)
3. The wagging tail (meaning: friendly) You have synthesized these three parts and
come to the conclusion that the dog is not
threatening (claim). Your analysis of the
three parts is evidence for your conclusion. This is how analysis
works in an essay. You
take an idea, question,
or even an image and
focus in on the details,
one by one. But we don't just describe what the
detail is. We also explain what it
means--its significance in understanding
the whole. A strange dog is following behind me, making me very nervous. I've been bitten before and I don't want it to happen again. However, this dog looks rather friendly, because it's wearing a red and white polka dot scarf. Now, stray dogs don't just dress themselves in scarves; someone who cares about them does that. Moreover, the scarf helps the dog look approachable and happy, not vicious. Also, the dog is dragging a leash. It was probably on a walk with its owner--further evidence that it's a pet. Furthermore, its wagging its tail like crazy. A wagging tail means its happy and friendly. I don't think I have anything to fear from this strange dog. Here's what an analysis might look like:
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