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The Art Architecture of the Eastern Orthodox Churches
Transcript of The Art Architecture of the Eastern Orthodox Churches
Kevin Worth Cross-in-Square Plan Architectural style that originated in Constantinople in the 9th century Rectangular base Cross-shaped middle tier Dome on top Represents how Jesus Christ's sacrifice (cross) united the earth (base) with heaven (dome) Domes Built to resemble heaven,
symbolize beings also known as copulas This church has three copulas... Father Son Holy Spirit The inside of the dome depicts the Pantokrator surrounded by the four Gospel writers on top of each column supporting the dome The Nave Contains images of holy people The Apse Image of the Theotokos Iconostasis The Holy Door to altar to Prothesis to Diakonikon separates the nave from the apse Church members venerate the PEOPLE on the icons Icons follow a theme to create one giant icon to represent the Kingdom of God Icons The Father must never be depicted in an icon, and the Holy Spirit must never be depicted as a dove in an icon unless the icon is associated with Baptism Icons were temporarily banned by Pope Leo III Second Council of Nicea reaffirms the use of icons Three-Bar Cross predates Christianity's spread to Russia top bar King of the Jews middle bar bottom bar Cassocks Liturgical Vestments Phelonion Epitrachil Sticharion Vestment Colors White Red Dark Green Light Blue Black Purple Gold Green Music originally monotonous melody and ison set hymns are selected for each day, emphasizes unity no musical instruments uses blank verse written by Orthodox Christians liturgies are sung Theotokion Troparion Prayer Books Menakion set Basilicas long, rectangular structure
cylindrical apse City of God action and movement main body of the church,
where people stand during services Why do you think icons became such an important part of the Eastern Orthodox Church? Do you notice any similarities between Eastern Orthodox churches and Catholic and/or Protestant churches? Do you agree with Pope Leo III's disapproval of the use of icons? Why or why not? Discussion Questions