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Prehistory, Migrators and Nomads

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Brian Roberts

on 20 August 2015

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Transcript of Prehistory, Migrators and Nomads

Kinds of Pastoralists:
horse, camel, cattle
Live in harmony with nature, annual migrations
Need large tracts of land to maintain herds
Highly mobile (on horse or camel)
Developed chariots, bridle, stirrups, pants
At times could topple settled society
Huns topple Gupta, Roman and Han
photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Significance of Migrators
Regarded as barbarians by agriculturalists
Developed long distance trade (silk road)
Spread religions like Buddhism and Islam
Spread inventions among societies (paper)
Attracted to wealth of sedentary life
Transmission of disease (plague)
Demanded tribute
Economic conditions
Political conditions
Environmental conditions
Other Factors:
Push (forced)
Pull (voluntary)
Reasons for Migration
Indo-European Tribes were the first that we know (~2000 BCE)
Central Asia nomads – due to the environment some moved to river valleys (China) others became pastoralists, others stayed nomads.
Remained dependant on agricultural societies for grains and finished products
Animal products
Not always peaceful
Early Nomads
Nomads controlled 90% of land, most are pastoralists. 10% of the population.
At times they settled and formed new societies like Hittites and Aztecs
Nomadic Facts
The long term relocation of an individual or group to a new location outside the community of origin.
Migrators and Nomads
Live in harsh environments
Survival skills
Physical strength
Males have strong bonds of loyalty
Violence between and among clans (worked against unity of groups)
Only when something bonds them can they unite
Utilitarian art – portable, has use (pants, tents, saddles)
Little social differentiation because lack special labor
Male vs. female roles
Women – bare sons, piece of property, marriage alliance
men – other stuff
“Courage Culture”
(Genghis Khan or Islam)
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