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Triangular Trade and the Middle Passage
Transcript of Triangular Trade and the Middle Passage
and the Middle Passage By Emily de Jong
and Searra Bell In the early days of America, trade routes were sending goods in all directions. Trade was forming between America and European countries. In a barter system, extra goods from each country were traded in order to receive goods they did not have. This all started the Triangular Trade which influenced America greatly. The Middle Passage began with the capture of Africans to be sold into slavery. It is one of the worst chapters in American history; to have human capacity, cruelty, insensitivity, strength, and survival. It is estimated that the number of captives ranged from 5 to 30 million. Many others died during the journey across the Atlantic.The Middle Passage was the longest part of the triangular trade route. The Triangular Trade was a route to receive and transport slaves.It was named by the European merchants who exchanged goods for African slaves.
This was called the triangular trade because of its shape that resembled a triangle.
- The first part of the journey transported traditional goods from Europe to Africa where they were exchanged for the slaves.
- The second leg was the transportation of slaves to the Americas where they were auctioned off and traded for extra goods. Its nickname was the « Middle Passage ».
- Finally,the goods from the Americas were transported back to Europe . Atlantic Ocean The voyage itself took between 6 and 8 weeks. The enslaved Africans were chained together by hand and foot, and packed into the smallest places where there was barely enough room to lie on one’s side. It was here that they ate, slept, used bathroom, and died. They had no idea where they were going, or what was going to happen to them. Atlantic Ocean Positive Effects Negative Effects Effects Of The Triangular Trade How It All Started slave trade animals were transported Animals brought disease
Africans were tortured and
put into slavery Culture/religion spreads
Civilizations gained more technology
Countries gained more wealth What was The Triangular Trade What do you know? What was the first stop on the triangular trade?
D)Africa D)Africa What did they pick up in Africa?\
D)Corn Europe Africa America A typical shipment of goods from Great Britain would consist of any or all of beads, cloth, hardware, rum, salt, or weapons. The shipment would go to Africa, where the goods would be traded for people who were enslaved. A ship leaving Africa for America would contain hundreds of enslaved people, tightly packed in horrific conditions for the journey to their new "home." Once in America, the ship would unload the slaves and take molasses, rum, sugar, and tobacco and then head to Great Britain, completing the Triangle. C)Slaves From Africa, where did they bring the slaves. (Second stop of trip)
D)Europe A)America What did they do to the slaves in America? They auctioned and sold them for American goods. What was the last stop of the Triangular trade?
D)Canada B)Europe What was brought from America to Europe?
A)Molasses and rum
C)Sugar and tabacco
D)Both A and C D)Both A and C
Molasses, rum, sugar, and tobacco. Name one positive and one negative affect of the Triangular Trade and Middle Passage. The End!