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Childhood Obesity & Breastfeeding

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Brielle Mansfield

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Childhood Obesity & Breastfeeding

Childhood Obesity & Breastfeeding
Breastfeeding
Gold Standard
Protects against childhood
OBESITY
and other diseases
Convenient and cheap
Benefits the mother: faster recovery, weight loss, delayed menstrual cycle, reduces risk of ovarian cancer
Increasing breastfeeding rates among mothers in Athens County will decrease the development of overweight and obese children.
Childhood Obesity
Obesity has tripled since 1980
12.5 million obese children and adolescents ages 2 through 18
Health risks associated with being obese: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, joint problems, asthma, etc.
Children who are obese are often likely to be severely obese in adulthood
Target Audience
Women
ages 20-39
living in Athens, County
currently expecting a child
Major Influences
Spouse
Mother & Mother-In-Law
Grandmother & Grandmother-In-Law
Family
Health care providers
Community
Employers
Friends
Policy-makers
Health Belief Model
Individual Level Theory
In depth understanding of attitudes and beliefs toward particular behaviors
Health Behaviors
Poor Nutrition Habits:
school lunches, sugary soft drinks, junk food
Decreased Physical Activity:
decline in gym classes at school, technology, and access
Media:
being brainwashed by child advertisements
Breastfeeding: support and exclusive breastfeeding
Constructs & Activities

Perceived Susceptibility:
Emphasizing childhood obesity.

Perceived Severity:
Diseases/conditions of childhood obesity.

Perceived Benefits:
Benefits of exclusive breastfeeding.

Perceived Barriers
: Provide access to healthcare provider.

Cues to Action:
Breast-pump and recommendation to local breastfeeding groups.

Self-Efficacy:
Practicing nursing positions.

HBM Constructs
Perceived Susceptibility
Perceived Severity
Perceived Benefits
Perceived Barriers
Cues to Action
Self-Efficacy
Intervention
Nursing for Nutrition
Held at O'Blenness Memorial Hospital
Advertised by flyers in business and recommended by health care providers
Every 3 months for one year
Brief questionnaire distributed at beginning: 3 questions from each construct
Lactation Consultant, OBGYN, & Health Educator give presentation on the correlation between breastfeeding and childhood obesity
Participants leave with free items: breast pump, breast pads, diapers, socks, blankets, hats, and pamphlet
Questionnaires will be evaluated to improve next intervention
Developed in the 1950's
Most popular theory
Named a model but meets all of the criteria to be considered a theory
Effectiveness of breastfeeding education on the weight of child and self-efficacy of mothers
Mothers who have a higher self efficacy are more likely to breastfeed exclusively for a longer duration than mothers with low self efficacy
Exclusive breastfeeding for a long duration reduces the chances of childhood obesity
The Health Belief Model was used as a successful tool for prenatal education
(Shrifirad, 2011)
The Health Belief Model was used to assess mother’s attitudes about physician roles in child health promotion.

Four constructs were used from the health belief model and questions were adopted for each construct.

The study presented an approach to understanding maternal priorities, attitudes, and beliefs in childcare among the appointed population in regards to health promotion topics.

(Cheng, 1996)
References

Cheng, T., Savageau, J., Bigelow C., Chamey, E., Kumar, S., DeWitt, T. (1996) Assessing Mothers’ Attitudes about the Physician’s Role in Child Health Promotion. American Journal of Public Health, Vol 86.

Imhoff-Kunsch, B., Martorell, R. (2012) Nutrition Interventions during Pregnancy and Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Outcomes. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Vol 26.

Sharma, M., Romas, J., (2012) Theoretical Foundations of Health Education and Health Promotion. Sandbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning.

Shrifirad, G., Kamran, A., Mirkarimi, S., Farahani, A. (2011) Effectiveness of breastfeeding education on the weight of child and self-efficacy of mothers. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, Vol 1.

(http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/basics.html) a
(http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/problem.html) b

The goal is to determine the barriers around breastfeeding and increase self-efficacy
Full transcript