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Cell Analogy of a Mall

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Suzi Dowd

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of Cell Analogy of a Mall

Mitochondria is the main energy source of the cell, and is where ATP is created. ATP is a form of energy. Mitochondria is the "power house" of a cell. Mitochondria creates energy through a process called aerobic respiration. In a mall the mitochondria would be the food court. The food court is where people can go to get food, or in other words energy.
Cell Membrane
The cell membrane controls what can enter in and out of a cell. The cell membrane encloses and surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell. In a mall the security guards control what is allowed to come in and out of the mall. So, in a mall the cell membrane would be the security guard.
Ribosomes are where proteins are built. Ribosomes are built in the endoplasmic reticulum. Ribosomes can be attached to the endoplasmic reticulum, or floating around in the cell. In a mall this would be the shoppers. The shoppers money keep the mall alive and running. The ribosomes keep a cell alive by making proteins for it.
Cytoplasm is the jellylike substance within a cell that holds everything together. It is the part of the cell between the cell membrane and the nuclear membrane. It contains organelles, and is the site for most activity. In a mall the cytoplasm would be the mall floors.

Cell Analogy of a Mall
By: Megan Dowd

Cell Walls
Cell walls are located outside of the plasma membrane. They provide support and protection for the cell. The cell wall is a rigid structure. In a mall the cell walls would be the walls around the mall. The walls around the give support and structure to the mall, just like cell walls do to the cell.
Nuclear Membrane holds the nucleus together. It is a double layered membrane surrounding the nucleus. The nuclear membrane controls what enters and leaves the nucleus. It can also be called the nuclear envelope. Nuclear membranes are only found in eukaryote cells. The nuclear membrane in a mall would be the mall managers office. Since the nucleus is the mall manager, the nuclear membrane would be the managers office.

Nuclear Membrane
Cytoskeleton maintains the cells shape and structure. It keeps the organelles in place. In a mall the cytoskeleton would be the supportive beams throughout the mall, because they give structure and keep the mall in place.

Chloroplasts capture light or solar energy which is stored in the energy storage molecules as ATP for the process of photosynthesis. In a mall the chloroplasts would be the solar panels on the roof of the mall. Solar panels take in light energy and use it for energy to power the mall.

A nucleus is where chromosomes and DNA are found. A nucleus is found in the center of a eukaryote cell. It controls the activity of the organelles. Everything in the cell needs the nucleus in order for it to function. The nucleus is located in the center of a cell. In a mall the nucleus would be the manager of the mall. The mall manager controls everything that happens in the mall, like the nucleus controls everything that happens in a cell.
Golgi Apparatus is the part of the cell that stores, packages, and modifies the proteins. The golgi apparatus process proteins made by the endoplasmic reticulum, before sending them out of the cell. In the mall the golgi apparatus would be the checkout or cash register. At the cash register the cashier will package your items in a bag to take home. The cashier will also make sure the items are in good control when you take them home, and if they aren't the cashier will modify them. The things being bought are like the proteins.

Golgi Apparatus
Vacuoles stores water and enzymes, and collects waste. Vacuoles are known as storage bubbles. Vacuoles are found in plant and animal cells, but are much larger in plant cells. The waste products that are stored in the vacuoles are eventually sent out of the cell. In a mall these things would be in a bathroom, because malls store unwanted wastes and water.
Lysosomes are the digestion center of the cell. Lysosomes hold enzymes that were created by the cell. In the endoplasmic reticulum enzyme proteins are made. Those proteins are packaged and then sent to the golgi apparatus. Lysosomes break down waste materials in the cell. In a mall this would be like a janitor, because janitors keep the mall clean.

Cell Wall
Little dot looking things are ribosomes attached to the endoplasmic reticulum.
Golgi Apparatus
Prokaryote Cells
Eukaryote Cells
Do not have membrane bound organelles
No nucleus
All unicellular (one cell)
Only bacteria
Circular DNA
No internal skeleton
DNA in cell is "naked" there are no histones, and they aren't formed into chromosomes
Have membrane bound organelles (Organs are to the body as organelles are to the cell
Have a nucleus (Nut)
Plants and animals
Have cytoskelton for structure
Linear DNA
DNA is complex with proteins call histones, and also organized into chromosomes
Both perform basic tasks of life
Both have ribosomes that make proteins
Both require a supply of energy
Both regulate the flow of nutrients and wastes that enter and leave them
Both have DNA and RNA
Plant Cells
Have a rigid cell wall outside of the cell membrane that provides structure and support
Have chloroplast that contain chlorophyll, which capture the Sun's energy to help the plant male food
Have one large central vacuole that stores water and waste
No vesicles
Both Cells
Have a cell membrane
Have cytoplasm, which is the material all cell parts float in
Have a nucleus, which is the "brain" 0f the cell
Have organelles such as ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria and golgi apparati
Animal Cells
No cell wall
No chloroplasts
Have many small vacuoles that store food, water and wastes
Have vesicles that digest materials in the cell
Chloroplasts are the green color organelles
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