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Құрылыс саласының даму тарихы

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Rizabek Nurtayev

on 5 October 2014

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Transcript of Құрылыс саласының даму тарихы

Traditional construction, architecture and construction norms in Republic of Kazakhstan
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Climatic conditions
Three major factors that affect the Kazakhstan climate are: the remoteness of it from the oceans, its size and its location between two totally different climatic regions, Middle Asia and Siberia.
Thank you for attention!

Abdrazakov Almas
Nurtayev Rizabek
So we have hot summer and our winter average extreme maximum temperature is -34°C...-38°C
Traditional construction
We have a large territory due to our thounsands years nomad life and Kazakh people were moving from one place to another each season of the year. So our traditional house was yurt (kaz."kiiz üi") which could build up and fold down for hours
So also in the south part of our land we had ancient cities which was ruined by Genghis Khan and mongolian army in 1219 . One of biggest cities in the Middle East was Otrar (Farab) (period of prosperity I - XIII century ). The materials of construction was ceramic brick.
One of the biggest architectural and historical monuments in Kazakhstan The Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi The structure was commissioned in 1389 by Timur, who ruled the area as part of the expansive Timurid Empire, to replace a smaller 12th-century mausoleum of the famous Turkic poet and Sufi mystic, Khoja Ahmed Yasawi (1093–1166). Its creation marked the beginning of the Timurid architectural style. UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site in 2003
After creation of Soviet Union in 20 century Kazakhstan became one of republics of USSR and our cities (which was founded in
17-18 centuries by russian imperator and his army) became growing very fast by increasing of population due to building of factories and plants and multi-storey apartment buildings. The construction was from reifrorsed concrete panels which allowed to build very quickly.
Residential houses was from reinforced concrete panels and silicate bricks.
The Architecture in Kazakhstan during of period under protection of Russian Empire in 17-19 centuries.
Architecture in Kazakhstan during period of Soviet Union
Architecture in modern Republic of Kazakhstan
Prefabricated building materials
Our construction norms and rules is based on former USSR norms and we have some similar legislation with countries from former USSR republics like Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and others.

In modern construction of Republic of Kazakhstan is using prefabricated reinforced concrete structures, monolithic reinforced concrete, metal structures, brick, aerated concrete blocks and etc. Seldom wooden structures in private houses.
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