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Buddhism

Year 8 Humanities
by

Faisal Ahmed

on 3 October 2016

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Transcript of Buddhism

under the bodhi tree, the buddha learnt what was real and what was fake. He started to understand that some things are just distractions, and that we should learn to see what is really important - an end to suffering and pain. to do that, he created the 4 noble truths and the eightfold path, which leads to the middle way path...
What is Buddhism?
The Middle Way
Lesson 5
The Founder
Lesson 2
What is Buddhism?


“Buddhism is a tradition that focuses on personal spiritual development. Buddhists look for answers about life and do
not
worship gods or deities”

On your post it notes, write down 3 facts on paper that you have learnt today.

go and stick them on somebody else!


On your post it notes, write down any thing you know about Buddhism and stick on the white board.


What do you know about Buddhism?
Who do you think is a traditional Buddhist?Why?

Buddhism across the world
The Buddha’s teachings include:

The Buddha’s teachings
The Noble Eightfold path
The Buddha decided to teach others the path to enlightenment and gave his first sermon in the
deer park at Sarnath.

Lesson Outcomes:

To be able to explain and evaluate why Siddartha made the changes in his life (6-9).

To be able to describe key stages of Siddartha's journey (4-5).

To be able to identify the key stages of Siddartha's journey (1-3).

“The Middle Way Path is about finding balance between living a luxury life and the most basic life”


Lesson Objectives:

1) To be able to ‘describe’ how Gotama discovered the Middle Way Path (Level 4)


2) To be able to ‘explain how’ the Middle Way Path may connect to our own lives (Level 5)





What have we learnt today?

A Towel!

ANSWER
What gets wetter
as it dries?
DO NOW - RIDDLE
“like a fine tuned string on a musical instrument.  If that string is too loose, it won’t vibrate… or if it is too tight, it will break.”

What is the Middle Way path?

The Middle Way Path
dO YOU NEED ALL OF THE THINGS YOU'VE GOT, OR ARE THEY JUST 'WANTS'?
“Discussion”

MIDDLE

LUXURY AND SOMETHING WE DON'T REALLY NEED
BARELY NOTHING

Draw a mind map to show all the things that we feel we use to live, survive, learn and entertain ourselves. (BE SPECIFIC - E.G, SANDWICH, RATHER THAN FOOD)

IN PAIRS, COMPARE YOur findings. on paper, sort these into a list with three columns. tHINK ABOUT WHERE THEY WOULD GO, AND THEN FILL IN THE REST!

Level 5: explain
level 6: evaluate
Does this lead to a HAPPY life?

The Middle Way leads to Enlightenment

Self Indulgent Life

Asceticism Life

nOW SHARE YOUR THOUGHTS WITH THE REST OF THE CLASS

Plenary
Sit comfortably, on the floor or chair.
Class needs to be still and silent
Free your mind from thoughts, listen to the relaxation music
Imagine you are in a calm place
Focus on the thoughts and images that come into your mind
Open your eyes slowly when the music stops.
Whole class discussion, share thoughts on what you experienced.
Relaxation techniques: 7 minutes
7 step Buddhist relaxation technique
Prayer flags are inscribed with favourable symbols, prayers, and MANTRAS.

Buddhists from tibet for centuries have planted these flags outside their homes and places of spiritual practice for the wind to bring happiness, long life and prosperity to the flag planter and those in the area.

Prayer Flags
1) For most Buddhists meditation is the most important part of worship.

2) They usually sit on the floor, often with crossed legs and try to empty their mind of all thoughts.

3) This means that they can focus on what is really important.

4) The point of meditation is to rise above any worries they may have. By meditating Buddhists believe that they will become better people and reach enlightenment.

Meditate
Meditation
Create a prayer flag with either a prayer, invocation, favourite symbol or a mantra. decorate it and Use colour or sugar paper.
Worship often means praying to a God or gods and for this reason many Buddhists do not like using the word.
Worship
Meditation
Lesson 6
The Four Noble Truths

Lesson 8
Recap!
The Four Noble Truths
The way to end suffering is by following the
middle path through life
(Magga)

If we accept what we have and stop wanting more we will become happy
(Nirodha)
Because we don’t have what we want we suffer and feel upset.
(Samudaya)


Suffering happens all the time because people always want more or something better than what we have.
(Dukkha)

Read through the handout and complete the tasks as they appear.
NOW DRAW THE EIGHTFOLD PATH IN YOUR BOOKS.
YOU CAN USE YOUR IPAD AND GOOGLE 'EIGHTFOLD PATH'
FOR INSPIRATION AND IDEAS.
From prince to pauper
Buddha Image and Mudras
A Mudra is...
.

Mudra definition

Using your ipad, explain the significance of each part. For example; long earlobes signifies
his past life as a Prince.
-Long earlobes (past life as a Prince)
-Lotus flower (different colour, different meanings)
-Bump on head (wisdom)
-Dot between eyes (vision)
-Mudra (which one is it?)
-Closed eyes (concentration)

What do you think a mudra is?
a symbolic gesture of the hands or bodily posture that has a specific meaning.
Now devise your own mudra.

draw it in your books.

explain the significance of your mudra.
tASK
TASK
WHAT'S YOUR INTERPRETATION OF bUDDHA'S WORDS?












IN YOUR BOOKS/ FULL SENTENCES / YOU HAVE FIVE MINUTES

Write this down in your own words into your book. It will be the basis of everything we learn this half term!
2 minutes!
Learning Objective:

To explore the life of Siddartha Gautama.

Personal, Learning, Thinking skills:

Independent Enquirer

Literacy Focus:

What does the word 'describe' mean:

'give a detailed account in words of'
to show his journey.....
Siddhartha is born!
The middle way
Life as a prince
Plenary
Can you put the pictures in the correct order, and write a sentence underneath to say what is happening? Don't stick them in until you are sure!
T
h
e
N
o
b
l
e

t
e
s
t
I will bring around a box. Pick a card and take it back to the table. when you have all picked a card, I will tell you what the colour means.
on your table, decide how it feels to have more or less than others.


you have 2 minutes!
I will give each table a situation where suffering has happened because people were not following the four noble truths

With the people on your table you must decide how the four noble truths can be used to stop suffering

Please write your answer in your book in 50 words or more.
(Starter sentence: "I think _____ is jealous and therefore suffering because....

Are we noble enough?
the eightfold path
Lesson 4
Welcome to Religious studies
Learning Objective:

To develop an appreciation of the
expectations of a Humanities lesson and classroom.
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to explain why RE is important.

To be able to describe the expectations of
a Humanities classroom.

To be able to identify the meaning
of DUMTUCLUM.
Who/What am i?
On your desks, some of you have been given a person's name/object. In pairs I'd like you to come to the front, and describe the person or object to the rest of the class without using the words at the bottom of the paper!
Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Effective Participator

Team Player
DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:

To end all sentences with appropriate punctuation.
Beyond Belief...
Expectations
in your groups of 4, figure out your thoughts - be prepared to tell the class why!
Work in groups and devise your own classroom rules
Think about what you want from your teacher and others in the classroom (don't forget the TA).
PRESENTATION
IN BOOKS
aLL WORK MUST BE SET OUT IN A PARTICULAR AND SPECIFIC ORDER. you must do this every single lessON OR WHEN PROMPTED TO DO SO BY YOUR TEACHER.
In Humanities, we make sure our books are presented In an amazing manner.
DUM
TUC
LUM
Date
Underline
Miss a line
Title
Underline
Centre
LO
Underline
Miss a line
Homework
Year 7 homework is based around a single project. you will have
4 weeks
to complete this project.
Who do you think is a modern Buddhist? Why?
Discuss.
His teachings are called the
Dhamma
.
The Five Precepts
The Four Noble Truths
Learning Objective:

To explore the significance and meaning of the four noble truths.
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to explain and/or evaluate the significance of the four noble truths (6-9).

To be able to describe each of the four
noble truths (4-5).

To be able to identify the four noble
truths (1-3).
Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Reflective Learner


DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:

To use paragraphs.
The Four noble truths
Learning Objective:

To investigate how the eightfold path can lead to enlightenment.
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to explain how such a path
may lead to enlightenment.

To be able to describe each of the
eight parts.

To be able to identify the eight parts of the eightfold path.
Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Self Manager


DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:

To use a capital letter to spell Siddartha's name.
The eightfold path
Learning Objective:

To develop an understanding of how the Middle Way path changed Siddartha's life.
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to ‘explain how’ the Middle Way Path may connect to our own lives (6-7).

To be able to ‘describe’ how Siddartha discovered the Middle Way Path
(4-5).


Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Creative thinker


DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:

To be able to spell all keywords correctly.
Answer on next slide...
What does the quote mean? think, pair..share! Write it down into your books, underneath the quote.
How does Goldilocks story link to the Middle Way Path?
or does this...

Learning Objective:

To explore the significance and meaning of the four noble truths.
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to explain and evaluate how meditation is used by Buddhists to enhance their faith (6-9).

To be able to experience elements of Buddhist meditation through relaxation techniques (4-5).

To be able to identify how Buddhists meditate (1-3).
Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Effective participator


DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:

To use paragraphs.
Level 4: describe
level 5: explain

BUYING £100 WORTH OF JUNK FOOD AND EATING IT ALL
nO FOOD OR WATER
gETTING A MARS BAR AND A PACKET OF CRISPS
Learning Objective:

To explore images of the Buddha.
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to interpret different images of the Buddha (6-9).

To be able to describe how Buddha is
traditionally depicted (4-5).

To be identify features of Buddha's image (1-3).
Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Creative Thinker


DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:

To use full sentences.
Buddha Image
Buddhists may worship on their own or in groups. There is no special day of the week when they meet for worship but days before the moon is new, full or at half moon are important.
X
After you've meditated for a few minutes, write down in one continuous paragraph:

What did you do?
How did it make you feel?
Why do Buddhists use it to make themselves better people?
Go and hang it
on the tree!
I'm going to hand people a card. If I give you one, come up to the front to show the mudra. The rest of the class have 10 seconds to guess which one it is!
Who are we?
10 mins
15 mins
5 mins
11 lessons =
Order of lessons

1) seating plan, Icebreakers and expectations
2) The founder
3) FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS
4) EIGHTFOLD PATH
5) MIDDLE WAY
6) meditation
7) enlightenment
8) buddha image and mudras
9) lotus flower making
10)
DIRT
11) mind maps



1: research and Create a project on the differences and similarities between buddhist worship, and worship in another religion.
2 : create a project on the life of the buddha from birth til death, with illustrations
3: research and create a 3d model of a buddhist temple, labelled and explained.
lESSON 1
birth
prince
The 4 sights
from birth in the forest as a noble prince
and then back to the forest as a penniless holy man...why?
yOUR TASK IS TO INTERPRET THESE THREE PICTURES AND WRITE A SHORT ESSAY ABOUT HOW SIDDARTHA WAS BORN (IT IS special!), HIS LIFE AS A PRiNCE AND WHY HE LEFT THE LUXURY OF THE PALACE TO GO BACK TO THE FOREST HE WAS BORN IN.
use the three headings below as your paragraph headers
plEASE USE THE WORKSHEETS AND THE BOOKS
WRITE IN FULL SENTENCES AND CHECK YOUR SPAG
teacher note: marked piece
Deadline: Week starting: 5th october
LESSON 3
ENLIGHTENMENT
boDHI TREE
Learning Objective:

To explore how Siddartha became the Buddha.
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to explain and evaluate how enlightenment can be reached by all
Buddhists (6-9).

To be able to describe how Siddartha
reached enlightenment (4-5).

To be able to identify and define the key
term: Nirvana (1-3).
Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Effective Participator.


DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:

To use paragraphs.
NIRVANA
suffering happens all of the time,
because We're jealous of each other,
we should be grateful,
the Middle way is the best
Mnemonic maker!
D
ukka
S
amudayya
N
irodha
m
agga
Make up your own Mnemonic to remember the names of the 4 noble truths!
E.g - double science never matters
Learning Objective:

To explore the significance and meaning of the eightfold path.
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to explain and evaluate the significance of the eightfold path
using real life examples (6-9).

To be able to describe each of the eight
parts of the eightfold path (4-5).

To be able to identify all eight parts of the eightfold path (1-3).
Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Creative Thinker


DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:

To be able to use a dictionary.
the eightfold path
On our class eightfold path, wheel i want you to think of an example where you have followed one of these. come and write it up!
Plenary
Act out the story of Goldilocks to work out the middle way!
10 mins, then peer assess
D.I.R.T LESSON
LESSON 7 & lesson 14 and final lesson
Buddhists meditate so they can get rid of their worries. On your own piece of paper, write down some of things that may be worrying you right now. Remember nobody will read these at all.
now throw your worries in the bin!
str
/ebi
Make
your
work
outstanding
All corrections and responses to student/ teacher questions must be checked by your teacher
msd - place both sets of criteria on learning mat - same for islam (labelled d.i.r.t)
is it possible to attain complete peace?
Buddhists say that it's not possible to describe nirvana, just as you can't really answer those questions.

there is a buddhist story about a fish and turtle who were friends. The first asked the turtle what it was like to live on land. the turtle tried, but the fish couldnt imagine air or trees or anything else.

Buddhists say nirvana is like this. it is not life, and it's not death either.
What does a banana taste like?

What does paint smell like?
How long is 10 minutes?
So what is Nirvana, or enlightenment?
Look backwards to move forwards
Lesson 9
Learning Objective:

To reflect on previous learning and
highlight any weaknesses.
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to extend understanding
through independent learning.

To be able to revise and use all available resources to improve understanding.

To be able to identify any weaknesses in
knowledge and understanding.
Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Reflective Learner


DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:

To use appropriate punctuation.
Looking backwards...moving forwards
Please use this lesson to give students
an opportunity to go back and revisit
previous lessons, ask questions and
improve their understanding and
knowledge.
Lotus Flower

LESSON 10
Learning Objective:

To develop an appreciation for the
significance of the lotus flower in Buddhism.
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to appraise the importance of religious symbolism (Level 5).

To be able to describe ways in which the
lotus flower is used in the religion
(Level 4).

To be able to identify why Buddhists
place importance upon the lotus flower
(Level 3).
Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Reflective Learner


DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:


lotus flower
YOU WILL NEED A SQUARE PIECE OF PAPER NOT A4 SIZE
http://www.cleo.net.uk/resources/displayframe.php?src=462/consultants_resources/religiouseduc/lotus/lotus.html

Lesson 11
prayer flags
lesson 12
Learning Objective:

To appreciate the value of prayer flags.
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to evaluate why some people
may not view flags as an intrinsic part of Buddhism (8-9).

To be able to explain the role of prayer
flags (6-7).

To be able to describe a prayer flag
(4-5).

To be able to identify the function of a
prayer flag (1-3).
Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Creative Thinker


DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:

To use complex sentences.
The Buddha reaches nirvana
prayer flags
in your book, describe the
role of prayer flags.
Conscience alley...which side are you on?
I'd like us all to go outside and stand against the wall. you will have a few minutes to think of your answer to this question. If you think 'yes', stand on one side, and 'no' stand on the other. be prepared to argue!
Is there life after death?
after watching the clip, discuss:
extension: why would some buddhists say prayer flags are not an essential part of the tradition?

mind maps
lesson 15
AN EXAMPLE

When you have finished you should have on your revision mind maps (in a creative way):

Keywords
FOUNDER
FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS
EIGHTFOLD PATH
MIDDLE WAY
MEDITATION
ENLIGHTENMENT
LOTUS FLOWER
BUDDHA IMAGE AND MUDRAS
PRAYER FLAGS
FESTIVALS



In the middle of your A3 piece of paper place
the word ‘BUDDHISM’ and draw a picture of a
TREE around it.

Next START FROM THE ROOTS AND DESCRIBE SIDDARTHA'S
BIRTH.

HOW TO CONSTRUCT A REVISION MIND MAP

Your revision mind maps will have the core
information from THE BUDDHIST TOPIC, pictures to illustrate each key concept and visualisation of
things like THE ENLIGHTENMENT.

So for NIRVANA; you could draw A TREE with words like 'peace' and 'neither life nor death' around it...
……do you get the idea?




REVISION MIND MAPS

Ok, we have reached the point where we can develop an understanding of our first significant revision tool.

REVISION MIND MAPS

HOW TO CONSTRUCT A REVISION MIND MAP

Learning Objective:

To refresh understanding of the key Buddhist teachings.
Learning Outcomes:


To be able to summarise and visualise
the key Buddhist teachings.

To be able to identify the key terms.
Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Reflective Learner


DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:

Spell all keywords correctly.
what do buddhists believe happens after death?
MIND MAPS
Plenary
Create 3 questions you would like to ask someone who has a different point of view to yourself.
For example, if you DO believe in life after death, what would you like to ask someone who doesn't? and vice versa.

Write them down in your books!
FESTIVAL - SONGKRAN
LESSON 13
Learning Objective:

To experience the Buddhist festival called Songkran.
Learning Outcomes:

To be able to compare/contrast Songkran
with other religious festivals (8-9).

To be able to explain the significance of
each key feature and compare/contrast
with other religious festivals (6-7).

To be able to describe the rituals of the
festival (4-5).

To be able to identify the key features of
Songkran (1-3).
Personal, Learning and Thinking skills:

Effective participator.


DUMTUCLUM
Literacy Focus:

To start each sentence with a capital letter.
SONGKRAN
Assessment
lesson 16
Sailing away...
Exam conditions
Assessment feedback
lesson 17
https://prezi.com/5xge-fhwgf-h/assessment-feedback/
please explain
45 mins
Water is a really important part of this Songkran. Boat rides are held, and water streets take place all over the streets! They will even free caged birds, and save fish caught in small rivers that are about to dry up. Songkran is a time where Buddhists remember the Buddhas teachings on being kind to all living things.
We're going to have our own Songkran fun! We'll make our own boats, and we will write down our resolutions on them. Think carefully about the things you'd like to change in your own lives.


Bathe the buddha
IF YOU WANT TO...
Buddhists, on the days of Songkran will pour water on the Buddha.Why do you think this is?
5 minute change! Festival time!
Time to write it up. In 50 words, write down what Songkran is about!


Songkran only finishes when the bell is rung 3x!
Now it's time to quickly get changed - remember 5 minutes!
Level me up!
Identify
describe
explain
evaluate
Saying what it is.
e.g. That is a tree.

Giving detail to your sentence.
e.g There is a very old oak tree outside of the window, and it sways in the wind sometimes.
Giving reason for something.
e.g The old tree outside of our window worries us sometimes. At night I hear it swaying because of the wind. the noise is fine but seeing the tree move like that scares me sometimes because i worry it'll fall on our house and break our roof!
create an argument with both 'for' and 'against'.
e.g The old oak tree looks scary sometimes, and when it sways in the howling wind, it makes me feel like we're all in a horror movie because of the shadows it creates at night. Sometimes I think it might crash on our rooftop and we'll all be crushed! But then other days i see how beautiful our oak tree looks, and how it sways in the light breeze when we wake up. each leaf changes colour and i always loved how the trunk feels almost real like an old man with a walking stick. even though that tree scares me, i still love it.
Level 3: identify
level 4: describe
level 4: describe
level 5: explain
level6 6: evaluate
level 3: identify
level 4: describe
Level 5: explain
level 3: identify
level 4: describe
level 5:
explain
level 6: interpret
Level 4: describe
level 4: describe
level 5: explain
level 6: evaluate
level 6: analyse
level 6: interpret
level 5: explain
level 6: interpret
level 4: describe
level 5: explain
level 4:
You are going to be writing an essay based on Siddhartha's life. Watch the clips below, and write down any interesting notes on a scrap piece of paper.
Teacher note: Marked piece
Why are Lotus flowers important?
Full transcript