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American History project
Transcript of American History project
all its hopes &
all its boasts, will not be fully free until all its citizens
are free - JFK INTRODUCTION TO SCRAPBOOK:
My name is Elizabeth Johnson and I was sixteen in the 1960s. Being the only child, I grew up in a middle class white family. During this era I was a junior in high school and I've seen the world change, creating history. I remember when President Kennedy was assassinated, the latest fashion trends, popular movies, saw the Civil Rights Movement, and heard about the My Lai Massacre. I became a history teacher and currently residing in Columbia Heights, Minnesota. I made this scrapbook to capture everything I experienced that made history! FASHION, FADS & SLANG President Kennedy's Assassination: President Kennedy was assassinated
and died shortly in the afternoon
on November 22, 1963, next to his
wife while driving in a motorcade
through Dealey Plaza in downtown
Texas. Later that day, police had
arrested Lee Harvey Oswald, who
is believed to have assassinated
Kennedy. On November 24th, everyone
had gotten to see the man who
assassinated the President. PASSING THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT/ VOTING RIGHTS ACT: In June 1963, President John F.
Kennedy made a broadcast speech that made
national television and radio, about the plans to the civil rights bill in Congress.Kennedy feared to lose the support of the white
Southern Democrats. And also worried about
the prospect of his re-election in 1964. Still JFK managed to continue with the civil rights legislation to Congress. President Johnson signs the legislation law on August 6th, 1965, There are no accurate proof to the reason why JFK was assassinated. There are theories that Kennedy was killed due to his refusal to go to war over Berlin and Cuba and confronting the national security state, negotiating with the communists.
JFK was shot just a couple of inches from his wife, Jacqueline. She remembers the incident in slow motion, of her husband dying within seconds. FREEDOM RIDERS: Freedom riders began on May 4th, 1961 when seven blacks and six whites decided to leave Washington D.C on two public buses heading to the deep South, hoping to have supporters to integrate blacks and whites. African-American buses were burned
while in Birmingham, while a dozen of
whites attacked the riders. The majority of
the riders were forced to leave Birmingham, Alabama to New
John Lewis, A seminary student, who eventually led the SNCC, became a US Congressman, My Lai Massacre In March 1968, American soldiers had killed most of the population in South Vietnamese. About 500 Vietnamese were brutality murdered including; women, children and the elderly. The US Army who were high-ranked, managed to hide the events of the massacre. In 1970, the US Army board had charged fourteen officers of the crimes that had to do at My Lai, but only one was convicted. The horror of the My Lai killings, caused a division of the nation over continuing American Presence. The Massacre ended when an warrant officer named Hugh Thompson, an Army helicopter pilot, had landed his aircraft in between the US soldiers and the Vietnamese victims and had threatened to fire if they continued with the attacks. Your parents would be the picking out your clothes, but if your in grade school everyone would be wearing uniforms. Most people got into hippie fashion; bright colors, tie-dye shirts etc. Other styling was mini skirts and bell bottom pants. For more classy look would be dresses above knee level with fashionable accessories. SCHOOL HIPPIE CLASSY Bellbottoms Platform shoes Tie dye Slogan buttons Bad - Awesome
Ankle biter- A baby or small child
Crash - To go to bed
Ball- To party
Bookin'- Going really fast
Cruising- Driving up or down the same street looking for a race or girls
Dig- You understand?
Greaser- A guy who wears too much grease in his hair
Passion Pit- Drive-in theater
Groovy- Nice MOVIES Martin Luther King Jr's Assassination On April 4, 1968 at 6:01, Martin
Luther King Jr. was assassinated. The Civil Rights Leader was
shot by a sniper bullet and
announced dead at the scene. He was shot right in front of his
hotel room at the Lorraine
Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. The bullet that killed him without
any warning signs. It hit him
in his right cheek and traveled to his neck, then eventually stopped at his shoulder blade. The reason for his assassination was because he was participating as a leader of the mantgo mercy bus boycott in 1955. Since he was a spokesman for nonviolence protest in the Civil Rights Movement, the whites disliked King because he wanted everyone to integrate with each other and a lot of whites didn't want blacks to integrate let alone have equal rights. "I HAVE
A DREAM..." Motown- They were an R&B music group that included; The Marvelettes, The Supremes, Marvin Gaye, The Four Tops, The Drifters, The Temptations, The Miracles, Stevie Wonder, Gladys Knight & the Pips, The Spinners, Aretha Franklin. Began as a Detriot-based record during the 1950s. Was an African American music group that had a significance in the Civil Rights movement. Beach Boys- They are an all American rock band that started in California in 1962. Members were Brian and Dennis Wilson, Mike Love, and Al Jardine. Were best known for their close vocal harmonies. Made songs about their youth culture which included surfing, cars, and romance. Had lost a member, Wilson, in 1967 because of he was dealing with mental health and substance abuse. Rolling Stones- An English music group that began in England that began in 1962. Their group influenced rhythm and blue. Were considered as symbols and leaders of their youth. Members included Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Charlie Watts, and Ronnie Wood. Became popular in the U.S in the mid-sixties.
Reached "The Billboard Top All-Time Artists." MUSIC Beatles Come to America The Beatles made a huge hit in the United States on February 7, 1964. Made a huge success in their career. Members included; John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Star, Pete Best, and Stuart Studiffe. Their attitudies had a big impact in the States. "I Want to Hold Your Hand" was the beginning of the Beatles popular in the States. The song sold one million and a half million copies within three weeks. Five million posters were advertised all a round the States. When returning back for a tour in August 1966, there was a public protest after John Lennon's remark about Christianity. Generation Gap
The older generation were against the hippie era and disapproved their beliefs. The older generation believed that the new generation should be more respectful to the elderly. If teens were drafted into war, the older generation would expect them to go. New generations wanted freedom, not go into war, and have fun. Didn't want to do anything, but do drugs, dress however they wanted, listen to music that their parents wouldn't approve of .