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CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

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by

Jami Young

on 25 January 2015

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Transcript of CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
WHAT ARE THE KIDNEYS ?
The kidneys are small bean shaped organs, located in the middle back area, just below the rib cage. Each kidney is approximately the size of a fist, and is comprised of millions of small filters called nephrons.
FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEYS
FILTER AND CLEAN THE BLOOD
REMOVE WASTE PRODUCTS
FROM THE BODY
REMOVAL OF DRUGS
FROM THE BODY
BALANCE THE BODY'S FLUIDS
RELEASE HORMONES TO
REGULATE BLOOD PRESSURE
PRODUCE ACTIVE VITAMIN D
TO MAINTAIN STRONG, HEALTHY BONES
CONTROL THE PRODUCTION
OF RED BLOOD CELLS
A condition in which the kidneys are damaged, and there is a decreased ability to adequately filter the blood. As a result waste products in the blood build up, causing illness.
STAGE I
Normal or high Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
(GFR> 90 mL/min)
STAGE II
Mild Chronic Kidney Disease (GFR= 60-89 mL/min)
STAGE III
Moderate Kidney Disease (GFR= 30-59 mL/min)
STAGE IV
Severe Chronic Kidney Disease
(GFR 15-30 mL/min)
STAGE V
Kidney Failure (GFR < 15 mL/min)
No overall symptoms of impaired kidney function are typically evident and blood test are normal
Gradual reduction of nephrons and GFR
Many are not aware that they have Kidney Disease at this stage
Protein in urine
Individuals may remain in this stage for several years with blood pressure and blood glucose control
Proteins continue to increase in urine and decrease in the blood
Creatine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels increase

There are still no indicated symptoms
Symptoms become present
Symptoms become very evident
Complications are likely to develop
Individual likely needs treatment
Kidney Failure is the most severe form of Chronic Kidney Disease. At this stage the kidneys have lost nearly all to all ability to effectively function.
Some form of treatment must be done to compensate for the kidneys, in order to sustain life.
SYMPTOMS
Changes of urination
Itching
Pain
Muscle Cramps
Nausea and vomiting
Fatigue
Swelling
(hands,legs,feet)
Headaches
Feeling cold
TREATMENT
DIALYSIS
TRANSPLANT
IMPACT ON AFRICAN-AMERICANS
African-Americans have the highest risk for kidney failure because of their heightened prevalence of diabetes and hypertension.
Kidney Disease vs Hypertension

Hypertension causes Kidney Failure and Kidney Failure cause Hypertension
1. Uncontrolled hypertension damages the small arteries of the kidney

2. Overtime kidney disease develops

3. Not functioning properly the kidneys releases Renin

4. The individual's blood pressure increase further
RISK FACTORS

DIABETES
HYPERTENSION
# 2
# 1
High levels of glucose in the blood forces the kidneys to filter too much blood
The excess work makes the nephrons weak and the filters begin to leak and useful proteins are lost
The kidney gradually become worse over time until kidney failure occurs
PREVENTION
EAT HEALTHY
REDUCE SALT INTAKE
BE ACTIVE
TAKE MEDICATIONS AS PRESCRIBED
CONTROL DIABETES
CONTROL HYPERTENSION
EDUCATION
GET TESTED
TURNING POINT:
THE FIGHT FOR OUR LIVES
DIABETES
AND
VS
HYPERTENSION
CHRONIC
KIDNEY
DISEASE
Chronic Kidney Disease Initiative
Student National Pharmaceutical Association (SNPhA)
Florida A&M University
College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jami C. Young (Chair)
Andrea A. Babb (Co-Chair)
Full transcript