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Look who pays the price- the poor” Simply views the dirty air in Cubatao as the result of putting the economic as their number one priority. People appreciates a clean environment as their incomes rise.
Pollution cost rises disproportionately as pollution increases. “The economic logic behind dumping a load of toxic waste in the lowest-wage country is impeccable”
-believes that polluting should be done in countries with the lowest costs and lowest wages. Argued that the bank should encourage the migration of dirty, polluting industries to the poorer and the less-developed countries. First reason: Second reason: - Hence, it makes more sense to bring over the pollution from already dirty places to clean ones (under polluted countries) like Africa. Third reason: Dr. Oswaldo Campos Lawrence Summers :The thought that every action is selfishly motivated.
The only moral obligation is only towards one’s self. Psychological egoism Cont'd :Concern on behavior that is of serious consequence to human welfare, that can provide benefit or disadvantage. Moral standards Chow Mun Jack
Lai Kam Chong
Lee Pui Leng Evelyn
Soh Wei Chian
Wong Hsiao Shen
Vinesh A/L Nakarajah SCSJ 0010707 SCSJ-0010914 SCSJ-0002741 SCSJ-0011104 SCSJ 0010901 SCSJ-0007240 SCSJ-0011048 BUSINESS ETHICS
CASE STUDY: CHAPTER 7 - POVERTY & POLLUTION Cubatao Question: What attitudes and values on the part of business that causes “Valley of death”? An economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production, with the goal of making a profit. Capitalism A free-rider refers to someone who benefits from resources, goods, benefits, or services without paying for the cost of the benefit. Free-rider problem INTRODUCTION
:D Brazil’s “valley of death” More than 100,00 people lives here.
Variety of industrial plants that discharge thousands of tons of pollutants into the air everyday.
Basically is hard to breathe here and the more you breathe the unhealthier you get. What we are
going to talk on: :Attitudes and values
:Viewpoints and perceptions
:Moral issues and rights Human beings have a moral right to a livable environment
Livable environment is something that others have a duty to allow us to have
Each have a right to livable environment, and our right impose on others Question:Do human beings have a moral right to a livable environment?
It is still consider as violation of human’s rights despite there are not any complaints made against them.
It’s human’s responsibility and duty to safeguard each others’ health. It is explained in the theory of Kant’s ethics that humans are the most vital and central fact in universe.
Polluters must put themselves in the shoes of people in the “valley of death”. It might be argued that if people in the “valley of death” don’t complain and don’t wish to move, then they accept the risks of living there and the polluters are not violating their rights. If polluters do not like to be treated that way, then they should not pollute the environment.
Moreover, not violating the local people’s rights does not mean it does not violate rights of other people.
After all, the pollution will directly affect the world.
Modern Utilitarianism – cost-benefit analysis. Qualitative and quantitative Utilitarianism. Human naturally has the right to live in a healthy and peaceful place.
But the effect causes the people’s health to deteriorate and in the worse scenario, dead.
Eventually, people in the “valley of death” will extinct.
It causes more bad consequences rather than good to the human. Decreasing in populations will decrease the numbers of local workers and increase the costs of hiring workers from other regions. We should all work together starting from today to safe the environment.
We focused so much on preserving a better earth for our future generation and ourselves, we forgot to “fix” the people who are living on it. Heal The World,
Make It A Better Place,
For You And For Me,
And The Entire Human Race,
There Are People Dying,
If You Care Enough,
For The Living,
Make A Better Place,
For You And For Me. LAST BUT NOT LEAST... CONCLUSION Criticism on Summers' arguments
Summer assume that the value of a life-or of increases or decreases in life expectancy-can be measured in terms of per capita income. Summers views the world through "the distorting prism of market economics" Right should become legal
Enhance our ability to go after polluters
Absolute ban on pollution
Strengthen further ethical reasons for business to respect integrity of natural world