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Ancient Rome's Ideal Location
Transcript of Ancient Rome's Ideal Location
These animals supplied dairy products, meat, and materials for clothing.
The soil of the region was good for growing olive trees and grapevines, keeping the Romans well-supplied with oil and wine.
Rome benefited from the mild weather of the Mediterranean region.
The city received abundant rainfall at certain times of the year.
The Alps in the north, helped keep the cooler air of northern Europe from reaching Italy. Rome's position on hills helped make it easier to defend against invading forces.
Since the city was not on the sea, enemy ships could not storm it.
In addition, the Apennines formed a natural barrier that protected Rome from invasion from the east.
To the north, the high peaks of the Alps also helped protect Rome.
Deep snow and cold weather made the Alps impassable for six months or more each year. *Raw materials, waterways, mountains, and good weather protected and helped Rome grow and develop into one of the greatest empires in history.* Rome was founded on seven hills along the Tiber River.
Romans mined iron in the nearby Apennine Mountains.
Forged iron into farm tools and weapons.
Mountains were also valuable sources for wood.
Stone from mountains were used for building material. The Tiber River was a main source of fresh water for the Romans.
It was also important for trade.
Boats carried goods both downriver to the city and upriver to outlying areas.
Rome's central location on the Italian peninsula placed it on overland trade routes. One of the most famous was the Appian Way (Via Appia), one of the world's first paved roads. Expansion & Empire As Rome grew into a large city, it could no longer grow enough food in the surrounding lands to feed its people.
It needed to expand its territory.
Between the 400's B.C. and A.D. 1, the Romans conquered lands around the Mediterranean and to the north in Europe.
From its central position in the Mediterranean region, Rome was in an ideal location to peacefully maintain its vast empire. Review Questions 1. What raw materials came to Rome from the Apennines and how were they used? Answer: Iron, for farm tools and weapons. Wood and stone for building materials. 2. Why was Rome's location in central Italy important? Answer: It placed it on overland trade routes. 3. What features helped make Rome easier to defend? Answer: The city's position on the hills. The city wasn't on the sea. The Apennine's formed a natural barrier to the east. The Alps protected it from the north.