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Jordan Nickerson

on 28 April 2014

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Transcript of Creativity

However....creativity seems to have a lot of definitions
Yet still....where does creativity come from?
Is it genetic?
the ability to make new things or think of new ideas; the quality of being creative; the ability to create.
Creativity lacks a concrete definition
Research shows that from an investigation of more than 90 articles from top peer-reviewed journals, all dealing specifically with the topic of creativity, only 38% of the articles offered an actual definition of the term
...well, that is according to the encyclopedia...
The emergence of a novel, relational product, growing out of the uniqueness of the individual.
- Carl Rodgers, Psychologist/Writer
The ability to make new combinations of social worth
- John Haefele, CEO/Entrepreneur
Any thinking process in which original patterns are formed and expressed - H. H. Fox, scientist
Fluency , flexibility, originality, and sometimes elaboration
- E. Paul Torrance, educator
Creative thinking involves imagining familiar things in a new light, digging below the surface to find previously undetected patterns, and finding connections among unrelated phenomena
- Roger von Oech

Is it learned?
Is it magic?
Plucker, J.A., Beghetto, R.A., & Dow, G.T. (2004) Why isn't creativity more important to educational psychologists? Potentials, pitfalls, and future directions in creativity research. Educational Psychologist, 39(2), 83-96.
at present, the genetic basis of creativity remains uncertain
Runco, M. A., Noble, E. P., Reiter-Palmon, R., Acar, S., Ritchie, T., & Yurkovich, J. M. (2011). The Genetic Basis of Creativity and Ideational Fluency. Creativity Research Journal, 23(4), 376-380. doi:10.1080/10400419.2011.621859
Can Creativity be taught?
According to a study done by Lars Lindström, he found that classrooms can help their students be more creative by taking the following steps:
Investigative work:
fostered if students are
given assignments that extend over a significant
period of time and address central themes in
the domain

fostered if the teacher
emphasizes the process as well as the product
and provides ample opportunity for research,
experimentation, and revision
The ability to use models:
fostered if students are encouraged to integrate production
with perception and reflection
Capacity for self-assessment:
fostered if the students are given many opportunities to assess their own performance and to get feedback from peers and teachers; the most informative feedback originates from explicit criteria that tap
the important keys to good performance

If creativity can be taught then why are some people more creative than others?
While it may
be the case that everyone is born with exactly the same creative potential (‘nature’), it is surely also true that the manner in which we are raised (‘nurture’) plays a significant role in whether someone is viewed as actually ‘creative’.
-Darrell Mann

Mishra, P., & Henriksen, D. (2013). A NEW Approach to Defining and Measuring Creativity: Rethinking Technology & Creativity in the 21st Century. Techtrends: Linking Research & Practice To Improve Learning, 57(5), 10-13. doi:10.1007/s11528-013-0685-6
Lindström, L. (2006). Creativity:What Is It? Can You Assess It? Can It Be Taught?. International Journal Of Art & Design Education, 25(1), 53-66. doi:10.1111/j.1476-8070.2006.00468.x
Bender, S., Nibbelink, B., Towner-Thyrum, E., & Vredenburg, D. (2013). Defining Characteristics of Creative Women. Creativity Research Journal, 25(1), 38-47. doi:10.1080/10400419.2013.752190
Why do we have great ideas in the shower then?
According to Alice Flaherty, a renowned neuroscientist researching creativity, dopamine is an important factor in creativity. The more dopamine that is released, the more creative we are. People vary in terms of their level of creative drive according to the activity of the dopamine pathways of the limbic system.
This image shows how dopamine gets taken up by certain brain areas which then get increasingly active and trigger more creative wanderings
In Conclusion
Sources of and reasons for creativity are still vastly unknown, yet have a potential link within multiple areas of origin.
By: Robert Brouillard & Jordan Nickerson
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