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Transcript of Factory System
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
In what ways did the factory system change the face of labor in England?
Large populations of people lived in rural areas, and worked on farms.
People specialized in making certain items, for example a blacksmith would make metal items and a cobbler would make shoes.
Most women would make the clothes of their families and men would build their houses and furniture usually
Children assisted their parents with household chores and worked on farms, and usually did not go to school
Mass amounts of a single good were produced for a low price.
People stopped buying expensive goods from skilled craftsman and started to buy cheaper goods that had been made in factories.
Today, we can see this concept in our lives. It is cheaper to buy a loaf of bread at a chain gorecery store than it is to buy a loaf of bread at a local bakery.
Decrease in need for skilled craftsman
Before the Industrial Revolution
Before machines clothes were made out of wool, and had to be handspun.
During the Industrial Revolution, cotton replaced wool since it was easier to pick the seeds out of and spin into fabric.
Instead of being HANDMADE, machine-made goods were made much FASTER and more things were produced CHEAPER.
With materials now being produced quicker and cheaper, the need for manufactured goods was greater than the supply.
MORE FACTORIES OPENED AND MORE WORKERS WERE NEEDED!!!
Machines made Production Faster
In order to keep machines in operation, cheap labor was needed.
This demand for goods forced factories to open up for greater production hours and placed hard demands on the men, women and children in the workplace.
Men that had worked on farms moved to cities to fill open factory positions.
Women, who had little education, also worked in factories to support their families.
Lastly, young children were hired.
Bad working conditions led to laws to protect workers.
Large number of unskilled workers were needed to operate machines
Take these notes on your own paper and COPY EVERYTHING!
4 Main Points:
Machines made production faster
A large number of unskilled workers were needed to operate machines
There was a decrease in the need for skilled craftsman
The use of child labor
Use of Child Labor
Children as young as six years old during the industrial revolution worked hard hours for little or no pay.
Not only were these children subject to long hours, but also, they were in horrible conditions.
Large, heavy, and dangerous equipment was very common for children to be using or working near.
We will watch these videos TOGETHER!
Beginning of IR:
Child Labor in factories: